Navigation Links
Embryonic Stem Cells Turned Into Three Types of Heart Cells
Date:4/23/2008

When transplanted into mice, they improved heart function, researchers report

WEDNESDAY, April 23 (HealthDay News) -- A multinational team of researchers has succeeded in turning human embryonic stem cells into three types of human heart muscle cells.

When transplanted, the cells also improved heart function in mice.

The findings have a number of implications, the most immediate of which would be to use the cells to test drugs.

"We have now a supply of human heart cells for biotech and drug companies to start testing the beneficial effects of drugs or the toxic effects of drugs," said Gordon Keller, senior author of a paper published in this week's issue of Nature. "There are really no roadblocks in beginning to set up such tests."

Researchers may also be able to use the cells to make artificial heart tissue, which could then be transplanted into an actual human heart.

"It's not clear how effective injecting cells directly into the heart ever will be," said Keller, who is director of the McEwen Centre for Regenerative Medicine at University Health Network in Toronto. "A huge advantage we have is that these unique progenitor cells can make three of the major types of cells in the heart, so we hope we can simply seed these progenitor cells onto scaffolding and make what might be an artificial piece of heart tissue and possibly transplanting such small pieces of tissue, and engrafting them into the heart, would be more effective than transplanting the cells themselves."

Keller's lab had previously succeeded in coaxing cardiac cells out of mouse embryonic cells.

For this study, the team used similar principles, applying specific growth factors at different stages of development, but in human embryonic stem cells.

"They're showing that different 'recipes' can induce different types of cardiac cells," said Paul Sanberg, director of the Center for Aging and Brain Repair at the University of South Florida College of Medicine in Tampa.

In this way, the researchers were able to isolate heart progenitor cells then coax them into three different types of heart cells, called cardiomyocytes, which make up functioning heart muscle.

"Now we have our hands on a cell that doesn't have the same developmental potential as embryonic stem cells but can still make three of the major types of heart cells," Keller explained. "When we have these cells in isolation, we have a better handle on directing their pathway to cells that beat, or other [cardiac] cells. That's much more difficult when we haven't isolated the cells."

Also, when these cells were transplanted, they didn't form tumors, which often happens when a group of cells is more mixed. "In essence, we have isolated the most immature human heart cells, and we think we can control these cells much better than we would if we were starting with embryonic stem cells," Keller said.

The findings will help researchers better understand how the heart develops in humans, but therapeutic applications are still a ways off.

"It's important that we understand the basic biology," Sanberg said. "But it's still going to be a while till we see this in the clinic."

More information

The National Institutes of Health has more on stem cells.



SOURCES: Gordon Keller, Ph.D., director, McEwen Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto; Paul R. Sanberg, Ph.D., director, Center for Aging and Brain Repair, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa; April 24, 2008, Nature


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Embryonic Stem Cells Repair Human Heart
2. Embryonic Human Stem Cells May Help Repair Heart Muscle, Lab Study Shows
3. Embryonic stem cells used to grow cartilage
4. Embryonic stem cells thrive when shaken
5. Stem cells in adult testes provide alternative to embryonic stem cells for organ regeneration
6. Study Probes Difference Between Embryonic, Adult Stem Cells
7. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen level can reflect adrenal adenoma
8. UC Davis researchers find evidence of mature heart cell potential in embryonic stem cells
9. Human embryonic stem cell lines created that avoid immune rejection
10. Embryonic Stem Cells Create Healthy Muscle in Mice
11. Scientists Reprogram Human Skin Cells Into Embryonic Stem Cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Embryonic Stem Cells Turned Into Three Types of Heart Cells
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Many families have ... many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for care if the client has ... period, when the family pays for care, is often waived, so the benefits from ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network for professional women, brought together ... equality at their inaugural Summit in New York City in June. The event was ... of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women video, click here . ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of ... popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book of Revelation ... scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but Yisrayl Hawkins ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center for Medicare and ... aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a consistent and ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... “America On The Brink”: the ... “America On The Brink” is the creation of published author, William Nowers. Captain ... As a WWII veteran, he spent thirty years in the Navy. Following his ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... , Oct. 12, 2017 West ... in innovative solutions for injectable drug administration, today announced ... the market opens on Thursday, October 26, 2017, and ... results and business expectations at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. ... or 253-336-8738 (International). The conference ID is 94093362. ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ORANGE COUNTY, Calif. , Oct. 10, 2017  NDS received ... Mobile  — a medical-grade battery-powered display stand specifically designed for ... aims to transform technology into a clinical solution to support the ... costs. Innovative Design ... NDS ZeroWire Mobile Wireless Solution ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... Oct. 4, 2017  According to the Centers for Disease Control and ... October . PhysicianOne Urgent Care is helping communities across Massachusetts ... , by offering no-cost* flu shots through the end of the ... certain health insurance regulations. ... time to get a flu shot is by the end of October, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: