Navigation Links
Electronic nicotine delivery systems could help reduce smoking
Date:2/4/2013

San Diego, CA, February 5, 2013 Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), or e-cigarettes, debuted in China in 2003 and have since become available globally, particularly through the Internet. While they resemble traditional tobacco cigarettes, they produce fewer toxins in the vapor for the smoker. Still, these novel products have unknown long-term health and addiction consequences, are of varying nicotine content and delivery, and may appeal to nonusers and youth. ENDS have been banned by health authorities in Canada and Australia.

Researchers from the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Canada investigated ENDS awareness, use, and perceptions among current and former cigarette smokers.

"We were not aware of any studies to date that examined cross-national patterns of ENDS use," says lead investigator Richard J. O'Connor, PhD, Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York. "No studies have examined use in markets where ENDS are nominally banned."

Data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four-Country Survey, collected from nearly 6,000 respondents through telephone and web surveys from July 2010 to June 2011, formed the basis of the study. Across countries, ENDS awareness reached nearly 47 percent, ranging from 73 percent in the United States where ENDS are legal, to 20 percent in Australia where they are banned. Awareness was higher among younger (aged 18-24), non-minority populations with higher incomes. Of those aware, 16 percent had tried ENDS.

Slightly more than 70 percent of respondents said that ENDS were less harmful than traditional cigarettes. Perceptions of harm were higher in the United States and the United Kingdom.

Current users included non-daily smokers and those who smoked twenty or more cigarettes a day. Nearly 80 percent reported they used ENDS because they were considered less harmful than traditional cigarettes. Seventy-five percent said they used ENDS to reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke. Eight-five percent reported using ENDS to help them quit smoking. Nearly three-quarters reported use of ENDS to access nicotine in smoke-free spaces, suggesting the use of ENDS to satisfy nicotine addiction during periods of temporary abstinence.

The high level of awareness of ENDS in countries where they are banned may demonstrate the importance of the Internet's promotion of the product.

Says Dr. O'Connor: "This study represents a snapshot in time of the use of ENDS from mid-2010 to mid-2011. As the market evolves, awareness, trial, and use of ENDS is likely to increase. Should regulatory authorities approve direct claims about reduced harm, one might expect greater adoption of these products, at least among current cigarette smokers. If credible evidence can be provided to regulators, through independently researched, well-controlled studies, that ENDS reduces the number of cigarette smokers and does not attract use among nonsmokers, then the net public health effect is likely to be positive."


'/>"/>
Contact: Brianna Lee
eAJPM@ucsd.edu
858-534-9407
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Electronic health records could help identify which patients most need ICU resources
2. Empa spin-off bound for success with its electronic bedside care assistant
3. NewsWatch Reviews AppTheGame from the Floor of the Consumer Electronics Show with National Tech Expert, Scott Steinberg
4. Researchers identify ways to improve quality of care measurement from electronic health records
5. Many More Doctors Using Electronic Health Records
6. Electronic health records with technical assistance can improve patient care in New York City
7. NewsWatch to Broadcast Live from the Floor of the Consumer Electronics Show 2013 with Tech Expert Scott Steinberg
8. Putting electronic cigarettes to the test
9. PracticeFusion, DrFirst and Emdeon ranked as Top Electronic Prescribing Vendors Among Satisfied Clients, Black Book 2013 Survey
10. Electronic visits offer accurate diagnoses, may lead to overprescribing of antibiotics
11. Authors of landmark study on infant mortality and electronic medical records receive Garfield Award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... , ... TLC Laser Eye Centers announced today that it has acquired Gordon ... be called “Gordon Schanzlin New Vision Institute, a TLC Laser Eye Center.” , ... ensure that patients continue to receive the highest quality of care. In addition, all ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... LELO has discovered many people are insecure ... out via email, social media and on the Volonté blog seeking advice about how ... masturbate ‘normal’ or ‘correct’?” , While some methods are more common than others, there ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... ... master charity program created to assist the people of their local community. The ... nonprofit organizations and community leaders. Their hope is to bring awareness to important ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... Vitenas Cosmetic Surgery has ... Awards, presented by the American Institute of Architects and the Academy of Architecture for ... renowned Perkins+Will and Harrell Architects, opened to patients in October of 2014. ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Sun Health registered nurse Brittany Eads and ... Care Transitions program at the 9th Annual Orthopedic and Spine Summit held ... Post-Acute Environment Through Effective Transitions of Care.” , Major changes are taking place ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/5/2016)... Progra m m e ... Oxitec , s mosquito in Cayman Islands ... by 96 %   Oxitec and the Cayman ... wild Aedes aegypti, the dangerous mosquito that spreads dengue, Zika and ... Grand Cayman .  MRCU, a global leader in mosquito control, is ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... , May 5, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "Europe ... - 2016"  report to their offering.  ... ) , ,The latest research ... Highlights - 2016, provides comprehensive insights ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... May 4, 2016  Compass Diversified Holdings (NYSE: ... an owner of leading middle market businesses, announced today ... March 31, 2016. First Quarter 2016 Highlights ... Reinvestment ("CAD" or "Cash Flow") of $13.6 million for ... loss of $15.0 million for the first quarter of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: