Navigation Links
Electronic nicotine delivery systems could help reduce smoking
Date:2/4/2013

San Diego, CA, February 5, 2013 Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), or e-cigarettes, debuted in China in 2003 and have since become available globally, particularly through the Internet. While they resemble traditional tobacco cigarettes, they produce fewer toxins in the vapor for the smoker. Still, these novel products have unknown long-term health and addiction consequences, are of varying nicotine content and delivery, and may appeal to nonusers and youth. ENDS have been banned by health authorities in Canada and Australia.

Researchers from the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Canada investigated ENDS awareness, use, and perceptions among current and former cigarette smokers.

"We were not aware of any studies to date that examined cross-national patterns of ENDS use," says lead investigator Richard J. O'Connor, PhD, Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York. "No studies have examined use in markets where ENDS are nominally banned."

Data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four-Country Survey, collected from nearly 6,000 respondents through telephone and web surveys from July 2010 to June 2011, formed the basis of the study. Across countries, ENDS awareness reached nearly 47 percent, ranging from 73 percent in the United States where ENDS are legal, to 20 percent in Australia where they are banned. Awareness was higher among younger (aged 18-24), non-minority populations with higher incomes. Of those aware, 16 percent had tried ENDS.

Slightly more than 70 percent of respondents said that ENDS were less harmful than traditional cigarettes. Perceptions of harm were higher in the United States and the United Kingdom.

Current users included non-daily smokers and those who smoked twenty or more cigarettes a day. Nearly 80 percent reported they used ENDS because they were considered less harmful than traditional cigarettes. Seventy-five percent said they used ENDS to reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke. Eight-five percent reported using ENDS to help them quit smoking. Nearly three-quarters reported use of ENDS to access nicotine in smoke-free spaces, suggesting the use of ENDS to satisfy nicotine addiction during periods of temporary abstinence.

The high level of awareness of ENDS in countries where they are banned may demonstrate the importance of the Internet's promotion of the product.

Says Dr. O'Connor: "This study represents a snapshot in time of the use of ENDS from mid-2010 to mid-2011. As the market evolves, awareness, trial, and use of ENDS is likely to increase. Should regulatory authorities approve direct claims about reduced harm, one might expect greater adoption of these products, at least among current cigarette smokers. If credible evidence can be provided to regulators, through independently researched, well-controlled studies, that ENDS reduces the number of cigarette smokers and does not attract use among nonsmokers, then the net public health effect is likely to be positive."


'/>"/>
Contact: Brianna Lee
eAJPM@ucsd.edu
858-534-9407
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Electronic health records could help identify which patients most need ICU resources
2. Empa spin-off bound for success with its electronic bedside care assistant
3. NewsWatch Reviews AppTheGame from the Floor of the Consumer Electronics Show with National Tech Expert, Scott Steinberg
4. Researchers identify ways to improve quality of care measurement from electronic health records
5. Many More Doctors Using Electronic Health Records
6. Electronic health records with technical assistance can improve patient care in New York City
7. NewsWatch to Broadcast Live from the Floor of the Consumer Electronics Show 2013 with Tech Expert Scott Steinberg
8. Putting electronic cigarettes to the test
9. PracticeFusion, DrFirst and Emdeon ranked as Top Electronic Prescribing Vendors Among Satisfied Clients, Black Book 2013 Survey
10. Electronic visits offer accurate diagnoses, may lead to overprescribing of antibiotics
11. Authors of landmark study on infant mortality and electronic medical records receive Garfield Award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... "ProRandom is a set of camera tools that allow video ... in Final Cut Pro X," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. ... of text with video footage. ProRandom works by using a virtual camera to create ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 23, 2017 , ... “The Inn at the Mill”: a ... unexpected fears in her quest to become happy and content. , “The Inn at ... Pennsylvania, has also lived in Germany and Vermont and is now living in Berks County ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... “Some Infallible Characteristics of Christ”: a ... Characteristics of Christ” is the creation of published author, Rev. Dr. Robert W. Thomas, ... thirteen years, a preacher for over nineteen, a pastor for over fifteen years. He ...
(Date:1/22/2017)... Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... January 22, 2017 , ... ... Photo Cloud to create a beautiful 3D slideshow with complete ease," said Christina Austin ... the Generators browser to place in the FCPX timeline. Presets include scenes ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... ... the perfect set of tools for video editors that want to create the illusion of ... CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , Video editors using ProDOF can add realistic depth ... focus from one area into the next. ProDOF comes with 0.5 second, 1.0 second, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... Jan 20, 2017 Research and Markets ... Market Trends, Opportunities, and Future" report to their offering. ... This research service ... trends, and technologies, and provides a snapshot of the key participants ... and forecasts are provided from 2016 to 2020. The market is ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... January 20, 2017 Avillion LLP, a co-developer ... Mark Weinberg , MD MBA as Chief Medical Officer. Dr ... USA . ... Dr Weinberg has spent more than 17 years as a ... companies to micro-cap biotech. Over the course of his career, he ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... YORK , Jan. 19, 2017 The ... provides understanding and access to partnering deals and agreements ... - Trends in partnering deals - Top deals by ... stage of development, technology type The report provides ... entered into by the world,s leading healthcare companies. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: