Navigation Links
Einstein scientists link elevated insulin to increased breast cancer risk
Date:7/9/2009

July 9, 2009 - (BRONX, NY) - Elevated insulin levels in the blood appear to raise the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, according to researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University. Their findings are published in the online version of the International Journal of Cancer.

Increased breast cancer risk for postmenopausal women has previously been linked to obesity and diabetes. Both conditions involve insulin resistance, which causes increases in circulating levels of insulin. Since insulin is known to promote cell division and enhance breast tumor growth in animal models, the Einstein scientists reasoned that relatively high insulin levels may contribute to breast cancer risk in women.

"Up to now, only a few studies have directly investigated whether insulin levels are associated with breast cancer risk, and those studies have yielded conflicting results," says Geoffrey Kabat, Ph.D., senior epidemiologist in the department of epidemiology and population health at Einstein and the lead author of the paper. "Those other studies were based on just a single baseline measurement of insulin, while our study involved analyzing repeated measurements of insulin taken over several years which provides a more accurate picture of the possible association between insulin levels and breast cancer risk."

An earlier study linking insulin levels with breast cancer risk was carried out by Einstein researchers and was published in the January 7, 2009 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

In the most recent study, Dr. Kabat and his colleagues analyzed data on 5,450 women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative, a large multicenter study investigating the influence of a number of factors on women's health. Most of the women had participated in the clinical trial portion of the study and provided fasting blood samples at the start of the study (i.e., at baseline) and then at years one, three and six. The remaining women, who were enrolled in a separate "observational" component of the study, provided fasting blood samples at baseline and at year three of the study. Among all these women, 190 cases of breast cancer were identified over eight years of follow-up.

The analysis by Dr. Kabat and colleagues revealed a strong association between elevated insulin levels and increased risk for breast cancer.

After dividing the participants into three groups based on their insulin levels, the researchers found that women in the upper third for insulin level were more than twice as likely to develop breast cancer compared with women in bottom third for insulin level. The association between insulin level and breast cancer risk was even stronger for those women who had not received treatment in the clinical trial (i.e., the placebo participants) or were in the observational component: women in the upper third for insulin level had a more than three-fold increased risk for breast cancer compared with those in the bottom third.

Notably, the link between elevated insulin level and breast cancer was strongest among lean women and weakest among obese women (who, in general, have higher insulin levels compared with lean women). "This finding is potentially important because it indicates that, in postmenopausal women, insulin may be a risk factor for breast cancer that is independent of obesity," says Dr. Kabat. However, because the number of lean women was small, this finding is preliminary.

While these results require confirmation from other studies, Dr. Kabat notes that the current recommendations for reducing breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women including maintaining a healthy weight and engaging in regular physical exercise can help to reduce insulin levels.


'/>"/>

Contact: Deirdre Branley
sciencenews@aecom.yu.edu
718-430-2923
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NIH awards Einstein multimillion dollar grant to extend studies of exceptional longevity
2. Albert Einstein Healthcare Network Turns to InterviewDirect to Qualify Job Candidates
3. Einstein scientists treat cancer as an infectious disease -- with promising results
4. Testing delays cause severe AIDS complications, Einstein researchers find
5. Sens. Kerry, Boxer and Feinstein call on FDA to Establish Maximum Level for Lead in Lipstick
6. Johnson City Medical Center Begins Offering Einstein Bros. Menu Items at Second On Campus Location
7. Einstein honors Dr. Stanley Nathenson with Marshall S. Horwitz Faculty Prize for Research Excellence
8. Einstein researchers discover gene mutations linked to longer lifespans
9. Einstein researchers genetically engineer immune cells into potent weapons for battling HIV
10. Novel discovery by Einstein scientists could lead to much-needed kidney failure treatment
11. Pioneering Heart Surgeon, Robert E. Michler, M.D., Appointed Chair of Surgery and Surgeon-in-Chief at Einstein and at Montefiore Medical Center
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... In the Health Care IT campaign, Robert Herjavec discusses health ... if you will be attacked, but when.” However, he and many others involved highlight ... , Improvements in auditing and monitoring have taken security in health care a very ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... ... The narrative in “ Signal 8: An Australian Paramedic’s Story ” (published by ... Schanssema describes the tragedies he saw, as well as his struggles with grief and ... unsure of the career path he wanted to take, found fulfillment in a career ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer ... Prophecy concerning this present generation. Yisrayl makes an astounding statement when he says ... He explains that the Bible details the current times so plainly that anyone should ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... The Radiology Business Management ... radiology marketing programs at the annual Building Better Radiology Marketing Programs conference, ... Hotel in Fort Worth, Texas. Nine awards are given out in five categories. They ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Castle Farms, the celebrated Northern Michigan ... the winning couple announced on Feb. 14, 2017, on Facebook. The free wedding ... A Matter of Taste, Ryan Rousseau Enterprises, A Touch of Spring and Other ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017  Xynomic Pharmaceuticals, Inc., ... announced that it has acquired exclusive worldwide rights ... best-in-class innovative HDAC inhibitor targeting hematological and solid ... 14 Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials of ... have already been completed, demonstrating that ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... SEOUL , Südkorea, 23. Februar 2017 ... LED für Sterilisationsaufgaben vorgestellt. Die Sterilisationsleistung beträgt das 1,5-fache ... kurzwellige ultraviolette Strahlung im Bereich zwischen 200 und 280 nm ... Ausbreitung von Bakterien, indem es ihre DNA zerstört. Das ... 280 nm. ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , 23. Februar 2017 Im Rahmen ... eine nationale Wirtschaftszone in der südwestlichen chinesischen Provinz Guizhou, 2017 ... Errichtung einer Innovationsplattform aktiv an der Entwicklung einer eingebetteten Hightech-Schlüsselindustrie. ... Continue Reading ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: