Navigation Links
Effects of Premature Birth May Stretch Into Adulthood: Study

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests that the adverse effects of pre-term birth can extend well into adulthood.

The latest findings, from a University of Rhode Island study that has followed more than 200 premature infants for 21 years, revealed that preemies grow up to be less healthy, struggle more socially and face a greater risk of heart problems compared to those born full-term.

One reason for this, explained study author Mary C. Sullivan, professor of nursing at the University of Rhode Island and adjunct professor of pediatrics at the Alpert Medical School at Brown University, is that extremely low birth weight, repeated blood draws, surgery and breathing issues can affect stress levels among pre-term infants.

She pointed out these stressors produce higher levels of the hormone cortisol, which is involved in the regulation of metabolism, immune response and vascular tone.

Among Sullivan's findings:

  • The less a preemie weighs at birth, the greater the risk. Sullivan found preemies born at extremely low birth weight had the poorest pulmonary outcomes and higher resting blood pressure.
  • Premature infants with medical and neurological problems had up to a 32 percent greater risk for acute and chronic health conditions vs. normal-weight newborns.
  • Pre-term infants with no medical conditions, particularly boys, struggled more academically. Sullivan found that preemies tended to have more learning disabilities, trouble with math and need more school services than kids who were full-term babies.
  • Some children born prematurely are less coordinated. This may be related to brain development and effects of neonatal intensive care, the researchers said.
  • Premature infants also tended to have fewer friends as they matured, the team found.

The outlook isn't entirely bleak for premature infants, however. Infants who are born too soon are often resilient and have a strong will to succeed as they get older, the researchers found. And there are also certain "protective factors" that can help preemies overcome the negative issues associated with pre-term birth. Sullivan said that supportive parents and a nurturing school environment can mitigate the effects of premature birth.

The researchers concluded the ongoing monitoring of adults born prematurely is justified, and would also help scientists understand the impact of prematurity on adult health, particularly cardiopulmonary disease.

"These findings are important for parents, nurses in the neo-natal intensive care units, teachers and staff in the schools, disability services offices in colleges and primary care providers," Sullivan said. "By identifying the issues pre-term babies face in childhood, adolescence and through adulthood, we can all be better prepared to take steps to mitigate their effects."

The study's findings were slated for presentation in September at the 27th Congress meeting of the European Group of Pediatric Work Physiology in Exeter, England.

Because this study is to be presented at a medical meeting, the data and conclusions should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health provides more information on the complications of prematurity.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University of Rhode Island, news release, June 15, 2011

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Drug May Ease Cognitive Effects of Huntingtons
2. YazTalk Warns Women of Life Threatening Side Effects
3. ACR, SBI: Avon Survey Reveals Potentially Deadly Effects of USPSTF Mammography Recommendations
4. Prozac and Celexa exhibit anti-inflammatory effects
5. Lung cancer research explores the effects of patient attitudes on patient outcomes
6. Increased radiation dose does not increase long-term side effects for prostate cancer patients
7. Prostate Cancer Radiation Side Effects May Subside With Time
8. ASTRO publishes supplement on protecting cancer patients by reducing radiation doses, side effects
9. Scans of brain networks may help predict injurys effects
10. Most women facing gynecologic surgery dont worry about its effects on sex
11. Adverse drug effects in epileptic patients not correlated with number of prescribed medications
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Effects of Premature Birth May Stretch Into Adulthood: Study
(Date:6/25/2016)... TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin ... of the American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical ... and highly effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... and non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a ... area —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World ... with chronic pain and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center ... with Sickle Cell Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... Comfort Keepers® of San Diego, CA is excited to announce they ... to drive cancer patients to and from their cancer treatments. Comfort Keepers provides ... life and ongoing independence. Getting to and from medical treatments is one of ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Puradigm® & Innovative Solutions today ... cultivation and processing operations at its production facility, and opened its first two ... the manufacturer of a complete system of proactive air and surface purification solutions ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016 ... the addition of the " Global Markets for ... This report focuses on ... updated review, including its applications in various applications. The ... which includes three main industries: pharmaceutical and biotechnology, food ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016 Research and Markets has ... Companion Diagnostic Tests" report to their offering. ... Diagnostics The World Market for Companion Diagnostics ... diagnostics. Market analysis in the report includes the following: ... Vitro Diagnostic Kits) by Region (N. America, EU, ROW), 2015-2020 ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016  MedSource announced today ... its e-clinical software solution of choice.  This latest ... possible value to their clients by offering a ... preferred relationship establishes nowEDC as the EDC platform ... MedSource,s full-service clients.  "nowEDC has long been a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: