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Educational materials increase knowledge and behaviors important for preventing shaken baby syndrome
Date:3/2/2009

iary during the infants' fifth week and a telephone interview two months after birth.

In Vancouver, 1279 women participated in the study between March 2005 and November 2006. Half received infant safety materials and half received the PURPLE materials from their home visitor nurses within two weeks of the baby's birth. Women who received the PURPLE materials also scored higher (5.4 per cent) in knowledge about crying. They were 13 per cent more likely to share information with caregivers about coping with the frustration of inconsolable crying, 12.9 per cent more likely to share information about the dangers of shaking, and 7.6 per cent more likely to share information about crying.

The Seattle study involved 2738 women. Half the women enrolled in the study received the PURPLE materials while half received information on infant safety. Materials were provided to new mothers in prenatal classes, maternity wards, and pediatrician offices in Seattle, Washington between December 2004 and October 2006.

The Seattle results showed that mothers who received the PURPLE materials scored six per cent higher in knowledge about crying and one per cent higher in knowledge about shaking. They were six per cent more likely to share information with caregivers about strategies for coping with the frustration of infant crying, and seven per cent more likely to warn caregivers about the dangers of shaking an infant.

Dr. Barr and Ms. Marilyn Barr, Executive Director of the National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome in Utah collaborated on the Vancouver study. For the Seattle study, they also partnered with Dr. Frederick Rivara of the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center at the University of Washington in Seattle. The National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome in Ogden, Utah, developed the PURPLE materials, which are available to institutions for US$2.00 per family.

"As crying starts within two weeks of birth, it's imperative that new
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Contact: Jennifer Kohm
jkohm@cw.bc.ca
604-875-2401
Child & Family Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

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