Navigation Links
Education program leads to lasting improvement of cancer knowledge in African-Americans
Date:10/29/2007

LOS ANGELES, Oct. 28 Disparities in access to health care and education hinder minorities and socioeconomically disadvantaged populations from receiving needed cancer services and often lead to delayed cancer diagnoses. To determine the lasting impact of cancer education geared toward African-Americans, researchers with the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), in partnership with The Centers for Healthy Hearts and Souls, a Pittsburgh-based community health promotion organization, designed an outreach program that consisted of three education sessions. Study participants showed high levels of interest in cancer-related issues and notable retention and improvement in their knowledge about cancer after four months, according to findings presented today at the 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) in Los Angeles.

A number of barriers, both real and perceived, deter minorities from receiving much needed cancer services, said Dwight Heron, M.D., study co-author and assistant professor of radiation oncology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Improved knowledge about cancer prevention and treatment can help us better reach patients and communities with the greatest needs, and address and overcome cultural and socioeconomic factors that often limit access to cancer services. This study points to the crucial influence an education program can have on cancer knowledge and attitudes, and is an important first step in breaking down barriers related to cancer disparities, said Dr. Heron.

Study participants included 38 African-Americans of varying ages, including a group of 10 residents of a Pittsburgh-based senior citizens center. Study investigators presented three education sessions: a culturally-adapted version of Cancer 101, a program on clinical trials developed by the National Cancer Institute and a scenario-based discussion of cancer-related subjects using the Cancer Knowledge Assessment Tool (CKAT). The CKAT was given prior to the cancer sessions and again four months later.

Pre-test results indicated that both the younger and older participants understood the importance of early detection and treatment for cancer, yet both groups appeared to have difficulty with the concept of cancer cell growth and hereditary risk factors. Both younger and older participants understood the purpose of clinical trials and their potential benefit, but few understood the meaning of a phase 3 clinical trial, and younger participants had less knowledge of the clinical trials process. Both groups coped well with difficult situations related to cancer on the CKAT. While younger participants scored better on scenarios related to radiation therapy concerns, health insurance and worries about biopsies, older participants scored better on a scenario related to the contribution of smoking to cancer.

Post-test results four months later indicated improvement in 36 percent of answers on the CKAT. Overall, younger participants showed greater improvement in knowledge than the older participants.


'/>"/>

Contact: Clare Collins
CollCX@upmc.edu
412-647-3555
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Paracetamol May Cause Live Damage Warns Consumer Education and Research Centre
2. Education Levels Found To Predict Stress
3. Education in women brings sounder sleep
4. Education And Income Level May Not Guarantee Health
5. John Hopkins CGHH program provides Global Health education
6. AIDS awareness education for school children’
7. British medical education suffers shortage of bodies
8. Disadvantaged Students May Not Go In For College Education
9. Sex Education, Need Of The Hour In Public Schools
10. Medical education to sky rocket: in terms of fees!
11. Stop HIV/AIDS in its Tracks with Education
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... As part of the nationwide ... honor the victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution, Center for Medicine after ... Auschwitz on its CMATH Champions trip to Germany and Poland next week. , The ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... Sacramento, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... April 24, 2017 , ... ... nearly $1.6 million in charitable dental services to 1,961 people during the April 22-23 ... services at no charge to Californians who experience barriers to care, CDA Cares educates ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... , ... April 24, 2017 , ... ... of unique liquid food supplements, announced its popular products are now available for ... , ALP Nutrition® prioritizes the use of premium natural ingredients in making all ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... ... and credentialing solutions, today announced that Kyle Allain has joined the company as ... Management sales and operations, including provider, payor and managed care solutions. , ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... , ... April 24, 2017 , ... Rod Burkett, CEO ... Housing News website. , Rod has been at the forefront of Gardant since it ... As CEO, Rod has overseen the opening of more than 40 new senior living ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... April 20, 2017  Vivify Health, the pioneer and ... been awarded a very significant patent for the advancement ... continual care via digital health.  This landmark patent provides ... and further secures Vivify,s position as the leader in ... was the first company to apply consumer mobile devices, ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017 Research and Markets ... - Innovation Driven by Rapidly Expanding Injectables Market and Increasing Usage ... offering. ... drug delivery technologies will rise from USD 20 Billion in 2015 ... Global Drug Delivery Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly Expanding Injectables ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... Outlook, Growth Trends, Key Players, Competitive Strategies and Forecasts, 2014 ... ... US$ 7,167.6 Mn in 2015, and is expected to reach ... 5.6% from 2016 to 2024. The global ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: