Navigation Links
Education -- not fertility -- key for economic development

Laxenburg, Austria - A new study published in the journal Demography shows that improvements in education levels around the world have been key drivers of economic growth in developing countries that has previously been attributed to declines in fertility rates.

The study, by IIASA researchers and colleagues at the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital, a collaborative center including IIASA, Vienna University of Economics and Business, and the Austrian Academy of Sciences, sheds new light on a central tenet of demographic research that posits that economic development is tied to decreasing fertility rates.

Instead, the researchers find that the observed improvements in economic development can be largely explained by increasing education levels of younger people.

"Countries where a large part of the population is in working age tend to become richer quicker than those with a sizable proportion of children or elderly people," explains Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, a researcher at IIASA, professor at the Vienna University of Economics and Business, and the lead author of the study.

"Demographic change influences economic growth," says IIASA researcher and Stoney Brook University professor Warren Sanderson, who also worked on the study. Many demographers argue that as a consequence of declining birth rates the proportion of children in the population declines and this results in a "demographic window of opportunity," where a larger proportion of people is of working age.

This observationknown as the demographic dividendwas widely assumed to be a direct linkage, and had led to policy prescriptions aimed at decreasing fertility.

But, says Crespo Cuaresma, "Our study shows that such a paradigm may be flawed. Reducing fertility is not enough."

The new study finds that instead, the previously identified association between lower birth rates and economic development is largely explained by education: As the fertility rate declines, educational levels of young adults also increased.

To tease out those cause and effect of education versus fertility rates, the researchers used a new set of educational attainment data for 105 countries around the world, reconstructed by demographers at the Wittgenstein Centre. They then used statistical models to examine the potential causative linkages between factors such as fertility rate, proportion of people in the labor force, and educational variables.

In countries where the fertility rate had declined but education levels did not increase, the economic development was not as pronounced as in countries where education levels also rose.

"The new findings demonstrate the decisive role of investments in universal education in bringing countries out of poverty," says Wittgenstein Centre Director and IIASA World Population Program leader Wolfgang Lutz, another co-author on the study. "These insights matter greatly for the ongoing international discussions around extensions of the Millenium Development Goals adopted by the United Nations."


Contact: Katherine Leitzell
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Related medicine news :

1. FMC Rockland Celebrates 75-Year Anniversary with Two $7,500 Science Education Grants
2. Medical Malpractice Insurance Educational Series for Physicians
3. North American Seminars Announces Texas State Board Physical Therapy Continuing Education Course Approval for the Spasticity, Abnormal Tone and Recovery Strategies Course
4. North American Seminars Receives Texas Physical Therapy Continuing Education Course Approval For Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussions
5. Dr. Walter Wood Supports Diabetes Awareness Month with Diabetes and Gum Disease Education in Jacksonville, FL
6. Center of Concern Launches New Social Justice Educational Tool "2014 Signs of the Times Social Justice Calendar(TM)" and Honors Twelve Leaders Who Changed the World
7. North American Seminars Online Continuing Education Courses Receive California Approval for Physical Therapists and PTA's Continuing Medical Education Requirements
8. Advanced Centers for Surgical Education to Host Courses at the Texas EMS Conference
9. New Customizable Electronic Continuing Education (CE) Portal Streamlines the Delivery of Education Programs for Healthcare Organizations and Associations
10. Rehab Management Solutions Recognized for Compliance in CMS’ PQRS; Company Offers Educational Resources to Therapists Struggling with PQRS Reporting
11. Former First Lady Laura Bush Speaks at Educational First Steps Inaugural “One Childhood, One Chance” Luncheon
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Dr. Thomas Dunlap and Dr. Patrick Coleman ... with Emergency Medicine at St., Joseph Health System’s Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital , ... in similar ways and require time-critical intervention to avoid large area heart damage and ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... Indosoft Inc., developer and distributor of the world-class ... (Long Term Support) into its Q-Suite 5.10 product line. , Making the change ... version of Asterisk that will receive not only security fixes, but feature and ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , ... November 26, 2015 , ... Inevitably when people ... customers choose to buy during the Black Friday and Cyber Monday massage ... need to search the Internet high and low to find the best massage chair ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... 26, 2015 , ... Somu Sivaramakrishnan announced today that he ... now offers travelers, value and care based Travel Services, including exclusive pricing on ... as, cabin upgrades and special amenities such as, shore excursions, discounted fares, travel ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Jobs in hospital medical laboratories and in the ... healthcare staffing agency Aureus Medical Group . These fields, as well ... those searching for healthcare jobs through the company’s website, , The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... 26, 2015 ... the "2016 Global Tumor Marker Testing ... and Sales Segment Forecasts, Innovative Technologies, Instrumentation ... to their offering. --> ... "2016 Global Tumor Marker Testing Market: ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy for ... combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy for advanced ... combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy for advanced ... has found that immunotherapy can be efficiently combined ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 3D bioprinting market is ... a new report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence ... demands kidney transplantation is expected to boost the market growth, ... organ transplantation. --> 3D bioprinting market is ... a new report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: