Navigation Links
Ectopic Pregnancy: What You Need To Know

For pregnancy to occur, an egg must be released from the ovary, travel through the fallopian tube, and be met and fertilized there by a sperm. The fertilized egg then proceeds through the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it attaches to the uterine lining and continues to grow for nine months; but in rare instances, the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus. While most often the fallopian tube is the primary site of implantation causing a tubal pregnancy—ectopic pregnancies can implant on other sites such as the cervix, ovary, abdominal wall, or on the surface of other intra-abdominal organs.

“The fallopian tube cannot support a growing embryo and an ectopic pregnancy must be treated promptly to avoid damage to the tube,” says obstetrician-gynecologist Dr. Kecia Gaither. “It typically occurs in the first few weeks, sometimes before a woman realizes she is pregnant, so it's important for women to be alert to the symptoms and seek immediate treatment.”

What Are the Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy?
An ectopic pregnancy may initially seem like a normal pregnancy with symptoms typical of the early weeks: missed period, breast tenderness, morning sickness. Indications that something is wrong might include:

  •     Vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain
  •     More severe and persistent gastrointestinal symptoms
  •     Severe pelvic pain, especially on one side
  •     Weakness, dizziness, fainting
  •     Shoulder or neck pain

Any of these symptoms should prompt a call to the doctor. Left untreated, an ectopic pregnancy can rupture the fallopian tube, cause heavy intra-abdominal bleeding, severe pain, and possibly death.

What Causes It?
It may not always be known exactly what causes an ectopic pregnancy but, in many cases, a damaged fallopian tube impedes the progress of the fertilized egg to the uterus, trapping it in the tube. The fallopian tube may have been damaged by scarring from a previous infection, pelvic surgery or ectopic pregnancy; pelvic inflammatory disease or sexually transmitted disease; or a birth defect that resulted in an abnormally shaped tube.

Who Is at Risk?
Women most at risk for an ectopic pregnancy include: those over the age of 35; smokers; those who have had a previous ectopic pregnancy, pelvic surgery, or several induced abortions; and those who have endometriosis or are undergoing fertility treatments.

How Is an Ectopic Pregnancy Diagnosed and Treated?
A doctor will diagnose ectopic pregnancy by a combination of a pelvic exam, ultrasound, and blood tests to measure hormone levels. Treatment depends on how far the pregnancy has advanced. If caught early, an injection of methotrexate will cause the pregnancy to stop growing and the body to absorb the pregnancy tissue.

If surgery is required, a minimally invasive laparoscopy can remove the pregnancy and, if it is damaged, the fallopian tube itself. In cases of heavy bleeding that might mean the tube has ruptured, more extensive surgery might be needed.

“Following an ectopic pregnancy, a normal pregnancy is possible,” says Dr. Gaither, “but it depends on the woman's history, what caused the ectopic pregnancy, and whether the fallopian tube was preserved and undamaged.” It is important to consult an obstetrician-gynecologist and possibly a fertility specialist to determine the best course.

“Ectopic pregnancy is rare,” Dr. Gaither concludes, “but because of its implications for future fertility, it is important for women to recognize its symptoms and act quickly to prevent lasting damage.”

Kecia Gaither, MD, MPH, FACOG, a perinatal consultant and women’s health expert, is a double board-certified physician in OB/GYN and Maternal-Fetal Medicine in New York City.

Read the full story at

Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2017 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Cancer during pregnancy: Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are safe for babies, studies show
2. Depression in pregnancy: New study shows preferences for therapy over medication
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... are now treating sleep apnea using cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As ... serious sleep disorder characterized by frequent cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can offer ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... , ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( ), one of the Nation’s ... design of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides optimal support and full ... while using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that is circulated from an ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Information about the technology: , Otomagnetics has ... prevention of a major side effect of chemotherapy in children. Cisplatin and carboplatin ... cisplatin, hearing loss is FDA listed on-label as a dose limiting toxicity. Hearing ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Washington, D.C. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... of their peers in Washington, D.C., for the 49th Congress of the International ... Ph.D ., Vice President of the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... (HLA), the nation's first interactive health literacy software tool, and the Cancer Patient ... aspects of cancer patient education, today announce a new strategic alliance. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... 2017  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: BPMX) researchers were ... innovative way to use nonlinear optical imaging to confirm ... drugs. A ... show how researchers from BioPharmX and the Wellman Center ... a suite of imaging techniques in what is called ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... Calif. , Oct. 10, 2017  NDS received FDA 510(k) ... — a medical-grade battery-powered display stand specifically designed for endoscopy environments. ... transform technology into a clinical solution to support the improvement of ... Innovative Design ... Mobile Wireless Solution ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... Oct. 4, 2017  South Korean-based healthcare product Development ... aide "cprCUBE" on Kickstarter. The device will educate the ... arrests with better efficiency compared to the dated and ... feedback on efficacy of the compression for a more ... a goal to raise $5,000. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: