Navigation Links
Eating junk food whilst pregnant and breastfeeding may lead to obese offspring
Date:8/14/2007

Mothers who eat junk food during pregnancy and breastfeeding may be putting their children at risk of overeating and developing obesity, according to a study funded by the Wellcome Trust and carried out at the Royal Veterinary College, London. The research suggests that pregnant and breastfeeding women should not indulge in fatty, sugary and salty foods under the misguided assumption that they are "eating for two".

The study(1), published today in the British Journal of Nutrition, found that rats fed a diet of processed junk food such as doughnuts, muffins, biscuits, crisps and sweets during pregnancy and lactation gave birth to offspring which overate and had a preference for junk foods rich in fat, sugar and salt when compared to the offspring of rats given regular feed. The research team behind the study believe the findings have implications for humans.

Obesity is a major cause of disease, associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer. According to a report by the World Health Organization(2), around 1.6 billion humans were classified as overweight worldwide in 2005 and 400 million were obese. Obesity affects populations increasingly earlier in life with over 20 million children under the age of five being classed as overweight.

"Our study has shown that eating large quantities of junk food when pregnant and breastfeeding could impair the normal control of appetite and promote an exacerbated taste for junk food in offspring," says lead author Dr Stphanie Bayol. "This could send offspring on the road to obesity and make the task of teaching healthy eating habits in children even more challenging.

Controlling appetite is complex, involving hormones which signal to the brain to regulate energy balance, hunger and satiety (feeling of fullness). However, feeding is not only a matter of regulating energy balance; it is also a pleasurable experience that involves ?reward centres in the brain, such that the combination of pleasure with feeding may occasionally override the normal regulation of satiety. Previous research has shown that junk foods rich in fat and sugar inhibit the satiety signals while promoting hunger and stimulating the reward centres.

"Exposure to a maternal junk food diet during their foetal and suckling life might help explain why some individuals might find it harder than others to control their junk food intake even when given access to healthier foods later in life," explains Dr Bayol.

Professor Neil Stickland, a co-author on the study, who heads the research group at the Royal Veterinary College, believes that mothers need to be made aware of the risks associated with a poor diet.

"The government is trying to encourage healthier eating habits in schools, but our research shows that healthy eating habits need to start during the foetal and suckling life of an individual," says Professor Stickland. "Giving children better school dinners is very good, but more needs to be done to raise awareness in pregnant and breastfeeding women as well. Future mothers should be aware that pregnancy and lactation are not the time to over-indulge on fatty-sugary treats on the misguided assumption that they are 'eating for two'."


'/>"/>

Contact: Craig Brierley
c.brierley@wellcome.ac.uk
44-207-611-7329
Wellcome Trust
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Eating disorder in Diabetic girls lead to eyesight damage.
2. Gene Therapy shows promise in treating Hemophilia
3. Eating disorders are hereditary
4. Low testosterone levels lead to eating disorders
5. Eating disorder... a survey
6. Emphasis on eating pattern
7. Creating brain cells from bone marrow
8. Eating More Often May Help Lower Cholesterol
9. Creating A Greater Awareness Among Smokers
10. Treating Depression In Children Could Lead To Poor Bone Development
11. Eating disorder occurs due to increased weight consciousness
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/6/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Norwood Insurance Group, serving families of Dallas ... ongoing community enrichment program. The current campaign is being extended to continue fundraising ... months of treatments, leaving his family in great need of financial assistance. Donations ...
(Date:5/6/2016)... , ... May 06, 2016 , ... US Sports Camps ... rugby camp held at Oregon State University this summer. Employing world-class rugby figures, including ... of all skill levels with training on key fundamentals, match play, fitness and more. ...
(Date:5/6/2016)... ... May 06, 2016 , ... Logically, spring weather, with its moderate humidity ... is too cold, dry or hot, water on the eye surface can evaporate, creating ... the surrounding air. There’s only one problem, according to radio show and water advocate ...
(Date:5/6/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 06, 2016 , ... The International ... Resort on the north end of the island close to the town famous for ... August 10th 2016. , “We continue to have an amazing experience in Greece, ...
(Date:5/6/2016)... ... May 06, 2016 , ... In honor ... education and corporate training, and the National Military Family Association, a nonprofit that ... as the second full-tuition scholarship recipient of 2016. , “Being awarded this ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... 2016 In March, 2016, ... of free workshops across Africa ... for Good Distribution Practices (GDP). Good Distribution Practice ... products are consistently stored, transported and handled under suitable ... specification. Only a few years ago, there were ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... 4, 2016 Research ... "Global Acute Ischemic Stroke Market and Competitive ... offering.       (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ... Ischemic Stroke Market and Competitive Landscape Highlights ... Stroke pipeline products, Acute Ischemic Stroke epidemiology, ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... , May 4, 2016 ... addition of the  "Global Acute lymphocytic Leukemia ...  report to their offering.       ... Global Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Market and Competitive ... Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia pipeline products, Acute Lymphocytic ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: