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Early use of non-parental childcare is not harmful for most children
Date:9/27/2011

care experience only explains about one per mille () of the variation in behavioural symptoms and is thus not likely to be of clinical significance.

  • Children who are cared for more than 40 hours a week outside the home are rated with slightly more behavioural symptoms at five years of age. Both girls and boys who were cared for outside the home for 40 hours or more per week at 18 months were found to have slightly more behavioural problems at five years of age relative to children who were cared for less than 40 hours per week outside the home at 18 months. The effect sizes are small. The difference in childcare experience only explains about 1.2 per mille () of the variation in behavioural symptoms and thus for most of the children is not of clinical significance.

  • There is no association between childcare history and emotional problems at five years. Independent of the age when children start with care outside the home, neither girls nor boys who were cared for by others were found to be more anxious or sad than those who are cared for at home.

  • Many children have documented developmental difficulties or increased risk for developing such difficulties already during the first year of life. When the children reached five years of age, it is reported that five per cent had birth defects, syndromes or have had serious medical problems. It is also reported about seven per cent were at risk of developmental difficulties due to birth related factors(1). In addition, the parents of a third of all five year olds reported either having been concerned about the child's development at some point or that the child had been diagnosed with a developmental disability by a healthcare professional.

  • It is important to stress that all significant differences that were identified were very small. This implies that the reported effects of childcare history are not likely to be of any clinical importance. The small differences betwee
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    Contact: Julie Johansen
    julie.johansen@fhi.no
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health
    Source:Eurekalert

    Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6

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