Navigation Links
Early rehabilitation important for recovery after severe traumatic brain injury
Date:1/28/2014

Early rehabilitation interventions seem to be essential for how well a patient recovers after a severe brain injury. It might even increase the chances for long-term survival, according to researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy.

In a series of studies, Trandur Ulfarsson, doctoral student at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, has explored the long-term effects of traumatic brain injuries caused for example by accidents or violence.

The studies, where 280 Swedish and Icelandic participants were followed up 1-11 years after the injury, show a clear association between how quickly patients get access to rehabilitation and how well they recover.

Functional activity improved

'We found that the functional activity for example how independent the patients are in their daily activities and how fast they can return to work is substantially improved among those who are admitted to inpatient rehabilitation care early,' says Ulfarsson, who presents the results in his doctoral thesis.

The studies also show that severe brain injury often leads to an impaired pituitary function, most often lack of growth hormone, which in turn may cause obesity.

Being unemployed or on sick leave prior to the injury also seems to be associated with worse functional activities performance and quality of life several years after the injury.

Higher risk of dying

Moreover, the Gothenburg studies show that men who suffer a severe traumatic brain injury have a five times higher risk of dying 10 years after the injury; for women, the risk is eight times higher. These results confirm a recent study from Karolinska Institutet.

The increased risk can be attributed to illnesses and disabilities lingering on for several years after the injury.

'The participants reported lasting disability, and low quality of life, with a complex range of physical, cognitive, behavioral and emotional disturbance'.

Important information

Ulfarsson says that the studies provide important information for brain injury victims, their families and friends, and the healthcare sector.

'One conclusion is that a severe traumatic brain injury should be considered a chronic medical condition that requires professional care and support for a very long time. Our studies provide valuable information that will help us improve outcome predictions, optimise the rehabilitation process and evaluate treatment effects for these patients,' he says.

According to Ulfarsson, concrete factors that could increase long-term survival include admission to rehabilitation support at the right time, special interventions for patients who were unemployed or on sick leave prior to the injury, and assessment of pituitary function in overweight patients.

The doctoral thesis Predictors of long-term outcome after severe traumatic brain injury was presented 17 January.


'/>"/>

Contact: Krister Svahn
krister.svahn@sahlgrenska.gu.se
031-786-3869
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New Penn index detects early signs of deviation from normal brain development
2. Biomarkers in blood show potential as early detection method of pancreatic cancer
3. SpeedRFP Use Grows 70 Percent in 2013, With Nearly 50,000 Unique Event RFPs Submitted During the Year
4. Silvertip Software Re-Launches RoomTime Room-Scheduling App; Early Adopter Program Expires Soon, Limited Space Remains
5. Research shows early promise of new drug for cancers caused by viruses
6. DocsInk.com Secures Nearly $1,000,000 in Series A Round to Power Healthcare Communication
7. Mold Found in Polk County Elementary, AGC Environmental Recommends an Early Florida Indoor Air Quality Testing to the Public to Prevent Its Worst Effects
8. Are you listening? Kids ear infections cost health care system nearly $3 billion a year
9. Turks and Caicos Resort Celebrates 2014 with Amazing Early Winter Special
10. Nearly 900 Cases Now Pending in Federal Biomet Hip Lawsuit Litigation; Federal Judge Sets Deadlines for Bellwether Trial Selection, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports
11. Monarch Landing Located in the Best City For Early Retirement by Kiplinger
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... While James Earl Jones is known for myriad ... a show called "Front Page". One of the forthcoming episodes examines mammogram techniques; a ... plummeted in large part due to early detection. Like any other disease, treatments have ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... Penrose Senior Care Auditors® was ... Tuesday evening at the 26th Annual SMU Cox Dallas 100™ Awards Ceremony and ... Institute for Entrepreneurship. Dallas 100™, co-founded by the Caruth Institute, honors the ingenuity, ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 04, 2016 , ... Patients who wish ... take advantage of a cosmetic procedure known as Carbon Dioxide (C02) Fractional ... appearance of age spots, fine lines, uneven coloration, wrinkles, scarring, skin laxity ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... ... Responsible dental care hinges on regular brushing of the teeth. However, just brushing ... inspired an inventor from Las Vegas, Nev., to design the BRUSH PROPER. , ... bad techniques of brushing the teeth in order to prevent cavities," he said. "Children ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Lori G. Cohen and ... will speak at the American Conference Institute’s 21st Drug & Medical Device Litigation ... Lead Sponsor of the conference. , Cohen, who chairs the firm’s Pharmaceutical, Medical Device ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/5/2016)... OSWEGO, Ore. , Dec. 5, 2016   ... the BioInsight clinical study. The study evaluates the safety ... insertion procedure in an office setting. BioMonitor ... ® technology that is placed underneath a patient,s ... fibrillation and syncope (fainting). Atrial fibrillation is a leading ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... PITTSBURGH , Dec. 5, 2016  Wellbridge Health and ... innovative digital health solutions to Medicare and Medicaid plan members ... effort targeted at the unique needs of this group of ... on social work philosophies to provide insight into members, daily ... , ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... N.J. , Dec. 5, 2016  Daiichi ... preliminary safety and efficacy data from a phase ... MDM2 inhibitor, suggesting that DS-3032 may be a ... myeloid leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). ... the phase 1 study of DS-3032 were presented in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: