Navigation Links
Early rehabilitation important for recovery after severe traumatic brain injury
Date:1/28/2014

Early rehabilitation interventions seem to be essential for how well a patient recovers after a severe brain injury. It might even increase the chances for long-term survival, according to researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy.

In a series of studies, Trandur Ulfarsson, doctoral student at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, has explored the long-term effects of traumatic brain injuries caused for example by accidents or violence.

The studies, where 280 Swedish and Icelandic participants were followed up 1-11 years after the injury, show a clear association between how quickly patients get access to rehabilitation and how well they recover.

Functional activity improved

'We found that the functional activity for example how independent the patients are in their daily activities and how fast they can return to work is substantially improved among those who are admitted to inpatient rehabilitation care early,' says Ulfarsson, who presents the results in his doctoral thesis.

The studies also show that severe brain injury often leads to an impaired pituitary function, most often lack of growth hormone, which in turn may cause obesity.

Being unemployed or on sick leave prior to the injury also seems to be associated with worse functional activities performance and quality of life several years after the injury.

Higher risk of dying

Moreover, the Gothenburg studies show that men who suffer a severe traumatic brain injury have a five times higher risk of dying 10 years after the injury; for women, the risk is eight times higher. These results confirm a recent study from Karolinska Institutet.

The increased risk can be attributed to illnesses and disabilities lingering on for several years after the injury.

'The participants reported lasting disability, and low quality of life, with a complex range of physical, cognitive, behavioral and emotional disturbance'.

Important information

Ulfarsson says that the studies provide important information for brain injury victims, their families and friends, and the healthcare sector.

'One conclusion is that a severe traumatic brain injury should be considered a chronic medical condition that requires professional care and support for a very long time. Our studies provide valuable information that will help us improve outcome predictions, optimise the rehabilitation process and evaluate treatment effects for these patients,' he says.

According to Ulfarsson, concrete factors that could increase long-term survival include admission to rehabilitation support at the right time, special interventions for patients who were unemployed or on sick leave prior to the injury, and assessment of pituitary function in overweight patients.

The doctoral thesis Predictors of long-term outcome after severe traumatic brain injury was presented 17 January.


'/>"/>

Contact: Krister Svahn
krister.svahn@sahlgrenska.gu.se
031-786-3869
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New Penn index detects early signs of deviation from normal brain development
2. Biomarkers in blood show potential as early detection method of pancreatic cancer
3. SpeedRFP Use Grows 70 Percent in 2013, With Nearly 50,000 Unique Event RFPs Submitted During the Year
4. Silvertip Software Re-Launches RoomTime Room-Scheduling App; Early Adopter Program Expires Soon, Limited Space Remains
5. Research shows early promise of new drug for cancers caused by viruses
6. DocsInk.com Secures Nearly $1,000,000 in Series A Round to Power Healthcare Communication
7. Mold Found in Polk County Elementary, AGC Environmental Recommends an Early Florida Indoor Air Quality Testing to the Public to Prevent Its Worst Effects
8. Are you listening? Kids ear infections cost health care system nearly $3 billion a year
9. Turks and Caicos Resort Celebrates 2014 with Amazing Early Winter Special
10. Nearly 900 Cases Now Pending in Federal Biomet Hip Lawsuit Litigation; Federal Judge Sets Deadlines for Bellwether Trial Selection, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports
11. Monarch Landing Located in the Best City For Early Retirement by Kiplinger
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... More than a third of American adults are considered ... surgery has received increased attention in recent years, as an article published ... weight loss, most people are familiar with the basic requirements of maintaining a healthy ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... campaign returns for a third time to shed lights on the variety of topics ... and inspirational stories, “Nurse Appreciation” tackles why this career has gone from being in ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... In ... the many who are unaware of the plight of aphasia. In collaboration with ... the “Stroke Awareness” campaign. , The link between stroke and aphasia is relatively ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... in scholarships to students studying complementary medicine. Allison Outerbridge is this year’s ... her award on May 18 at the university’s Student Leadership Awards ceremony. , ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , ... May 26, 2016 , ... W.S. Badger ... has been honored with a 2016 When Work Works Award for its use of ... of the national When Work Works project administered by the Families and Work Institute ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)...   , Study met ... bowel cleansing and superiority in , ... of the ascending colon   ... Norgine B.V. today announced new positive data from the phase ... preparation) versus standard 2 litre PEG with ascorbate. The study met ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016  NxStage Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... on advancing renal care, today announced that Jeffrey ... in the following schedule of investor conferences. Where applicable, ... at http://ir.nxstage.com/ .   ... Conference NY, NY           Friday, June 10, 2016 1:30 ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... HONG KONG , May 24, 2016 ... , the world , s ... and AV fistula intervention   OrbusNeich, a ... solutions, has expanded its portfolio to include products to ... balloons are the company,s first entry devices for lower ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: