Navigation Links
Early-life exposure to chemical in drinking water may affect vision, study finds
Date:7/11/2012

(BOSTON) -- Prenatal and early childhood exposure to the chemical solvent tetrachloroethylene (PCE) found in drinking water may be associated with long-term visual impairments, particularly in the area of color discrimination, a new study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers has found.

The study by epidemiologists and biostatisticians at BUSPH, working with an ophthalmologist from the BU School of Medicine, found that people exposed to higher levels of PCE from gestation through age 5 exhibited poorer color-discrimination abilities than unexposed people. The study, published July 11 in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, recommends further investigation into the visual impairments associated with PCE exposure.

The research team assessed visual functioning among a group of people born between 1969 and 1983 to parents residing in eight towns in the Cape Cod region of Massachusetts. The towns all had PCE in their drinking water because of pipes outfitted with a vinyl liner that was improperly cured. Previous studies led by Ann Aschengrau, professor of epidemiology at BUSPH, have found associations between PCE exposure and cancer, as well as reproductive and developmental outcomes. Increases in the risks of breast cancer and certain birth defects were seen in the team's prior studies.

PCE is a known neurotoxin that was used to apply the vinyl liner of some drinking water pipes. Surveys have estimated that more than 600 miles of such pipes were installed in nearly 100 cities and towns in Massachusetts, mainly during the 1970s. Exposure to PCE from drinking water occurs by direct ingestion, dermal exposure during bathing, and by inhalation during showering, bathing and other household uses.

The pipes no longer leach PCE, but the chemical is still widely used in dry cleaning and metal degreasing solutions and is a common drinking water contaminant.

In testing vision, Aschengrau and colleagues found that people exposed to PCE made more major errors in color discrimination than those not exposed. The levels of color confusion were greatest among people with high exposure levels. PCE previously has been implicated in deficiencies in color discrimination, mainly among adults with occupational exposures. The new study is the first to assess "the associations between prenatal and early childhood exposure to PCE and adult vision," Aschengrau said. The findings suggest that "the effects of early life PCE-exposure on color discrimination may be irreversible."
'/>"/>

Contact: Ann Aschengrau
aaschen@bu.edu
Boston University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Prenatal Exposure to Common Household Chemical Linked to Eczema
2. Simpler lifestyle found to reduce exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals
3. Prenatal exposure to common household chemical increases risk for childhood eczema, study says
4. Even Brief Ozone Exposure May Raise Fatal Heart Risk: Study
5. Sun exposure and cutaneous HPV infection found synergistic in skin cancers, Moffitt says
6. HIV Exposure Before Birth May Raise Kids Risk of Hearing Loss
7. Sun exposure and sun-sensitive skin type decreased risk for pancreatic cancer
8. How MyTownInsurance.com Helps Insurance Carriers Manage their Loss Exposure through On-Line Marketing
9. BPA exposure effects may last for generations
10. New research showing how real-life exposure to violence disrupts a childs sleep habits
11. Taking Anti-HIV Meds Prior to Exposure May Help Prevent Infection
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... The ThedaCare ... San Francisco General Hospital on April 5-7. The series is a multi-day, multi-workshop ... habits. The workshops cover a broad range of topics, including coaching skills, the ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Fisher House Foundation Chairman and CEO Kenneth Fisher joined Governor Brian Sandoval, ... Scott Bensing, and Peggy Kearns Director, VA Southern Nevada Healthcare System yesterday to dedicate ... be the first Fisher House in Nevada, and will provide free lodging for families ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Vail knee specialist Robert LaPrade, MD, PhD was named one ... consists of physicians establishing, leading and partnering with ambulatory surgery centers across the United ... Center, also known as an ASC, is a modern health care facility focused on ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 12, 2016 , ... Donor Network West, the organ procurement organization that heals ... with San Ramon Regional Medical Center. Under the collaboration, the first of its kind, ... accommodate a more certain time frame for donor families for the recovery of organs. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... J Thomas ... by continuing it’s commitment to act as Agents of Change in the community, ... with area homeless families to fulfill immediate needs and help them move into ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Feb. 12, 2016  SI-BONE, Inc., ... Implant System ® ("iFuse"), a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) device ... announced that National Government Services, Inc. (NGS), the Medicare Administrative Contractor ... Illinois , Maine , ... Hampshire , New York , ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016 On Thursday, Feb. ... Surgery at St. David,s North Austin Medical Center successfully ... ® Xi ® Surgical System with Trumpf ... Thiru Lakshman , M.D., colorectal surgeon at ... proctocolectomy utilizing Integrated Table Motion technology, which seamlessly combines ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... BUFORD, Ga. , Feb. 12 2016  OMS ... office-based dental and medical practitioners, announced today the recent ... website offers visitors a variety of features that enhance ... purchase oral surgery supplies. --> ... Supply is a fairly new company that started in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: