Navigation Links
Early COPD diagnosis possible with nuclear medicine
Date:4/1/2013

Reston, Va. (April 1, 2013) In vivo ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) imaging can detect early changes to the lung caused by cigarette smoke exposure and provides a noninvasive method for studying lung dysfunction in preclinical models, according to research published in the April issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. These measures have the potential to be applied clinically to study and diagnose the early stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

COPD is a slow-progressing, debilitating lung disease which is commonly caused by cigarette smoking. Defining characteristics of COPD include chronic inflammation, increased mucus production, small-airway fibrosis and airspace enlargement. Many people with COPD, however, go undiagnosed until their disease has reached a more symptomatic stage and irreversible damage has occurred.

"Better diagnostic tools are needed to detect early changes in smokers to prevent further lung dysfunction and provide patients with individualized treatment regimens," said N. Renee Labiris, PhD, one of the authors of the study "Detection of Lung Dysfunction Using Ventilation and Perfusion SPECT in a Mouse Model of Chronic Cigarette Smoke Exposure." "Our preclinical study suggests that not only can V/Q imaging detect early and small changes in lung pathology, the type of V/Q mismatching could provide insight into the underlying pathologies, which current measures of lung function are unable to do."

In the study, groups of mice were exposed to cigarette smoke for 50 minutes twice daily, five days a week, for either eight or 24 weeks. Age-matched control groups of mice were also included in the study for comparison. After the final cigarette smoke exposure, V/Q single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed, followed by a computed tomography (CT) scan. Histologic lung sections were then collected and a semiautomated quantitative analysis of airspace enlargement was applied to whole histology slices.

Upon analysis, functional impairment was noted in the lungs due to increased inflammation and airspace enlargement. This functional impairment, measured with SPECT V/Q imaging, identified COPD characteristics before CT was able to detect structural changes in the lungs. In addition V/Q mismatching progressively increased during cigarette smoke exposure in mice compared to age-matched control mice and offered insight into the underlying pathology causing COPD.

"V/Q imaging is a common nuclear medicine technique, and SPECT/CT systems are increasingly used in clinical practice," noted Labiris. "As such, the technology examined in this study can be carried out in both preclinical and clinical settings, enabling researchers to translate preclinical investigations of disease, associated functional abnormalities and future drug targets into an improved understanding and management of the disease in patients."


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Martonik
smartonik@snmmi.org
703-652-6773
Society of Nuclear Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New Stool Test Might Aid in Early Detection of Colon Cancer
2. An Early Start for Your Child with Autism
3. Early Study Finds Some Promise for Lung Cancer Vaccine
4. Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis Early and Aggressively: Guidelines
5. JCI early table of contents for April 9, 2012
6. Eye Tremors May Aid Early Diagnosis of Parkinsons: Study
7. Nearly 1 in 4 grandparents store prescription medicines where children can easily find them
8. First contact: Early intervention key in diagnosis and treatment of serious mental illness
9. Brain Tumor Vaccine Shows Promise in Early Trial
10. Role of Screening, Monitoring in Early Kidney Disease Unclear
11. Detecting malaria early to save lives: New optical technique promises rapid and accurate diagnosis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/27/2016)... Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... are fully customizable inside of Final Cut Pro X," said Christina Austin - CEO ... another unique style. Final Cut Pro X users can now reveal the ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... strategic partnership with Connance, a healthcare industry leader providing predictive analytics to ... technology combine to provide health systems, hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers with ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... Overland Park, KS (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... leader in retailers of Eyeglasses . , Millions of individuals in the United ... life, eyeglasses have become a way to both correct vision and make a fashion ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... On June 10-11, 2016, A Forever Recovery, a holistic ... World’s Longest Breakfast Table in Battle Creek, MI, where the rehabilitation facility is located. ... some of the world’s leading providers of cereal and other breakfast foods. Its residents ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... PawPaws brand pet supplements ... that was developed to enhance the health of felines. The formula is all-natural and ... main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support Supplement Soft Chews are ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... -- Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc (Nasdaq: JAZZ ) ... Improvements Act of 1976, as amended ("HSR"), with respect ... Nasdaq: CPXX ) expired effective June 24, ... As previously announced on May 31, 2016, Jazz Pharmaceuticals ... which Jazz Pharmaceuticals has commenced a tender offer for ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... HILL, N.C. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... healthcare decisions and regulators/payers have placed more emphasis ... new environment, patient support programs in the pharmaceutical ... for patients, medications. Consequently, pharmaceutical companies are focusing ... ensure they are providing products and services that ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... CAMBRIDGE, Mass. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... the Spaulding Rehabilitation Network,s Dean Center for ... of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, MIT Hacking Medicine, ... Center for Innovation, today announced the five finalists ... Hackathon for Lyme disease.  More than 100 scientists, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: