Navigation Links
Early, routine testing for HIV is key to curbing the disease among teens
Date:11/12/2007

Half of all new HIV infections in the United States occur among 13 to 24 year olds, but adolescents rarely seek HIV testing. Now, new research from the Bradley Hasbro Childrens Research Center suggests that early and widespread testing both in schools and community centers may be the key to effectively curbing the spread of HIV within this age group.

This study, which will be published in the December issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health and is currently available online, is the first to take a prospective look at the factors associated with HIV testing among adolescents.

Our goal was to determine why some high-risk teens would get tested for HIV, and others would not, explained lead author Marina Tolou-Shams, Ph.D., of the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center and an assistant research professor of psychiatry with The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Researchers assessed the sexual behavior, substance use and HIV testing behaviors of 1,222 sexually active adolescents, ages 15 to 21, from Providence, Miami, and Atlanta over three months. They found that teens were more likely to get tested for HIV if theyve already been tested before. In fact, approximately half of all study subjects had a history of HIV testing, and of those, one-third got tested within three months even without having gone through a specific HIV testing intervention.

These findings were a bit surprising, since we thought teens would be more likely to get an HIV test if they engaged in risky behaviors, such as substance use during sex, or attended an HIV prevention workshop, said senior author Larry K. Brown, M.D., of the Bradley Hasbro Childrens Research Center and a professor of psychiatry and human behavior at Alpert Medical School. Given that a history of HIV testing appears to be a major motivator for adolescents to get tested in the future, a widespread HIV testing approach could help control the spread of this disease among our nations at-risk youth.

Adolescents who received HIV testing during the three-month study were also more likely to have a sexually transmitted disease, to be assertive about condom use with their partner, and to not use drugs or alcohol during sex. However, researchers saw no association between having sex with high-risk partners or one's own perceived susceptibility to HIV and getting tested for the disease although these are some of the reasons that often motivate adults to get tested.

In the study, teens were randomly assigned to either a wait-list control group or a brief, three-hour skills-based group HIV prevention intervention based on Project LIGHT a National Institute of Mental Health/National Institute of Health-funded multi-site trial for young adults at high risk for HIV. Baseline and three-month follow-up interviews were administered.

Based on these results, the authors conclude that it is critical for HIV testing to be made more readily available to adolescents in order to increase the chances that they will seek future HIV testing as they engage in more HIV high-risk behaviors. They also advocate for public health campaigns that focus on incorporating HIV testing as part of the general practice of being proactive about one's own health to also help increase rates of adolescent HIV testing.

Implementing testing throughout various nontraditional adolescent venues, such as schools and community settings (e.g., boys and girls clubs, YMCA) could increase future testing thereby making more adolescents aware of their positive HIV status and reducing future HIV transmission among youth, the authors said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jessica Grimes
jgrimes2@lifespan.org
401-432-1328
Lifespan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. K-State Veterinary Lab Routinely Tests For Bluetongue Virus; Lab Director Says Strains Found in Kansas, U.S. Usually Less-Virulent
2. VivaScope(R) Confocal Imager May Eliminate Need for Routine Skin Biopsies for Dermatology Patients
3. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
4. Spirometry Testing for COPD Underused
5. Medical Services International Inc. Completes Testing for European Union (EU) Application
6. Medical Services International Received Its First Order for Testing By Regulatory Agencies in the United States
7. Lab-on-chip testing for bird flu developed by Singapore scientists
8. Physicians Wellness Network Announces Lab Testing Services for Consumers built on Microsoft HealthVault
9. PSA Testing Still Valuable for Prostate Cancer
10. Schwarzenegger Signs Bill to Remove Written Informed Consent for HIV Testing; "Most Important Change in Public HIV/AIDS Policy in Years," Says AHF
11. Latinos/Hispanics Across the Nation Recognize National Latino AIDS Awareness Day and Call to Action Leaders in Promoting HIV Testing, Prevention and Access to Care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/23/2017)... ... April 23, 2017 , ... Altura Communication Solutions, ... of Cisco Select certification and SMB specialization. Altura is now qualified to ... In earning the Select Certification, Altura fulfilled the training and exam requirements for ...
(Date:4/22/2017)... White Plains, NY (PRWEB) , ... April 22, ... ... Quarterly Report, which shows that U.S. consumers can save an average of 70% ... Even greater savings (up to 97%) are available when purchasing from other countries. ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... An April 10 article ... ancient teeth, which reveal a great deal about prehistoric ice-age dental practitioners and their ... have been used to remove decayed dental matter, and that teeth were then filled ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Contrary to popular perception, a new ... at noteworthy rates. Between 2002 and 2014, Salas-Wright and his colleagues found a ... the United States. The study, Trends in Fighting and Violence Among Adolescents ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... ... Brady (NYSE:BRC), a global leader in industrial and safety printing ... vinyl label materials received certification for the BS5609 British Marine Standard. This internationally recognized ... for use on chemical drums shipped by sea. , ÔÇťAchieving BS5609 certification ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017 ... "Global Biosimilar Pipeline and Market Prospects: Addressing Production ... report to their offering. ... "Global Biosimilar Pipeline and Market Prospects: ... Design" provides an in-depth assessment of the current trends ...
(Date:4/20/2017)...  AbbVie (NYSE: ABBV), a global biopharmaceutical company, ... hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients with genotype ... cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A) achieved sustained virologic response at ... investigational, pan-genotypic regimen of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P). These high ... weeks of G/P treatment without ribavirin. Patients with ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE MKT: CRHM) (the "Company"), announces that it will ... at the Sheraton Hotel in Toronto, Ontario . ... Company is scheduled to present on Tuesday, May 2 at 10:00 ... of the Board, Tony Holler will also attend the ... For more details about ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: