Navigation Links
Early, routine testing for HIV is key to curbing the disease among teens
Date:11/12/2007

Half of all new HIV infections in the United States occur among 13 to 24 year olds, but adolescents rarely seek HIV testing. Now, new research from the Bradley Hasbro Childrens Research Center suggests that early and widespread testing both in schools and community centers may be the key to effectively curbing the spread of HIV within this age group.

This study, which will be published in the December issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health and is currently available online, is the first to take a prospective look at the factors associated with HIV testing among adolescents.

Our goal was to determine why some high-risk teens would get tested for HIV, and others would not, explained lead author Marina Tolou-Shams, Ph.D., of the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center and an assistant research professor of psychiatry with The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Researchers assessed the sexual behavior, substance use and HIV testing behaviors of 1,222 sexually active adolescents, ages 15 to 21, from Providence, Miami, and Atlanta over three months. They found that teens were more likely to get tested for HIV if theyve already been tested before. In fact, approximately half of all study subjects had a history of HIV testing, and of those, one-third got tested within three months even without having gone through a specific HIV testing intervention.

These findings were a bit surprising, since we thought teens would be more likely to get an HIV test if they engaged in risky behaviors, such as substance use during sex, or attended an HIV prevention workshop, said senior author Larry K. Brown, M.D., of the Bradley Hasbro Childrens Research Center and a professor of psychiatry and human behavior at Alpert Medical School. Given that a history of HIV testing appears to be a major motivator for adolescents to get tested in the future, a widespread HIV testing approach could help control the spread of this disease among our nations at-risk youth.

Adolescents who received HIV testing during the three-month study were also more likely to have a sexually transmitted disease, to be assertive about condom use with their partner, and to not use drugs or alcohol during sex. However, researchers saw no association between having sex with high-risk partners or one's own perceived susceptibility to HIV and getting tested for the disease although these are some of the reasons that often motivate adults to get tested.

In the study, teens were randomly assigned to either a wait-list control group or a brief, three-hour skills-based group HIV prevention intervention based on Project LIGHT a National Institute of Mental Health/National Institute of Health-funded multi-site trial for young adults at high risk for HIV. Baseline and three-month follow-up interviews were administered.

Based on these results, the authors conclude that it is critical for HIV testing to be made more readily available to adolescents in order to increase the chances that they will seek future HIV testing as they engage in more HIV high-risk behaviors. They also advocate for public health campaigns that focus on incorporating HIV testing as part of the general practice of being proactive about one's own health to also help increase rates of adolescent HIV testing.

Implementing testing throughout various nontraditional adolescent venues, such as schools and community settings (e.g., boys and girls clubs, YMCA) could increase future testing thereby making more adolescents aware of their positive HIV status and reducing future HIV transmission among youth, the authors said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jessica Grimes
jgrimes2@lifespan.org
401-432-1328
Lifespan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. K-State Veterinary Lab Routinely Tests For Bluetongue Virus; Lab Director Says Strains Found in Kansas, U.S. Usually Less-Virulent
2. VivaScope(R) Confocal Imager May Eliminate Need for Routine Skin Biopsies for Dermatology Patients
3. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
4. Spirometry Testing for COPD Underused
5. Medical Services International Inc. Completes Testing for European Union (EU) Application
6. Medical Services International Received Its First Order for Testing By Regulatory Agencies in the United States
7. Lab-on-chip testing for bird flu developed by Singapore scientists
8. Physicians Wellness Network Announces Lab Testing Services for Consumers built on Microsoft HealthVault
9. PSA Testing Still Valuable for Prostate Cancer
10. Schwarzenegger Signs Bill to Remove Written Informed Consent for HIV Testing; "Most Important Change in Public HIV/AIDS Policy in Years," Says AHF
11. Latinos/Hispanics Across the Nation Recognize National Latino AIDS Awareness Day and Call to Action Leaders in Promoting HIV Testing, Prevention and Access to Care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Most us are familiar with the sound of occasional popping ... Osteoarthritis Initiative shows that certain people who experience consistent joint popping, grating and ... doctors the opportunity to treat patients before the problem becomes pronounced, potentially hedging off ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... VA (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... pleased to announce a new educational seminar to focus on current legislative activity ... News(LEARN) seminar will begin at 1 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 10, and will continue ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Boar’s Head Brand®, ... recipes for Memorial Day entertaining that are sure to satisfy your guests’ flavor ... sliced meats and cheeses featured in these refreshingly balanced recipes are packed with ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House ... focusing on the Peace Agreements being discussed by President Donald Trump and the rest ... to try to speed up peace talks in the continuous battle between Israel and ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... “When the Stars Lead Home”: a poignant story of loss, determination, and perseverance. ... an avid reader who lives in the Pacific Northwest with her husband, daughter, two ... Camp. She couldn’t be more grateful. , Twelve-year old Tizzy could not believe how ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017   Provista , a proven ... than 200,000 customers, today announced Jim Cunniff as ... of executive and business experience to Provista, including most recently ... in California . He assumed his new ... is a great fit for Provista," says Jody Hatcher ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... Tenn. , May 4, 2017  A ... Infection Control, Ultraviolet-C light as a ... Tru-D SmartUVC,s ability to reduce bioburden on anesthesia ... bioburden reduction on high-touch, complex medical equipment surfaces ... surgical infections. "This study further validates ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... May 4, 2017  A new tight-tolerance microextrusion ... other highly-engineered materials, is being launched by Natvar, ... been developed in recent years to service a ... surgical applications. More expensive materials such as glass ... tubing due to their ability to consistently hold ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: