Navigation Links
Earlier male circumcision may help to slow rates of HIV, HPV transmission in South Africa

TAMPA, Fla. (Oct. 6, 2011) According to Anna R. Giuliano, Ph.D., program leader in cancer epidemiology at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., and colleagues in the Netherlands, earlier circumcision of males in South Africa may be a positive step in slowing the spread of both HIV and the human papillomavirus (HPV). Their commentary and data were published in a recent issue of the British medical journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases (Vol. 11) 581-582.

"Countries with high incidences of HIV also have high incidences of cancer-related HPV," said Giuliano. "This is especially true in South Africa."

Commenting on a study related to circumcision and HIV and HPV transmission, Giuliano and her colleagues note that studies have shown that circumcision of HIV-infected men does not reduce HPV transmission to their female partners. Many factors may account for this lack of efficacy. However, Giuliano and colleagues suggest that the high prevalence of HPV among the HIV-infected men (73 percent in the intervention group and 69 percent in the control group) and the high prevalence of HIV among the female partners of greater than 60 percent, relates to the lack of efficacy of male circumcision. In that study, it was pointed out that the high and sustained prevalence of HPV among the HIV-infected individuals is "likely to overwhelm any preventative effect of circumcision."

"Male circumcision is important for reduction of not only HIV infection but also HPV infection in HIV-negative men and their female partners," said Giuliano. "However, its efficacy seems limited to HIV-negative men. These results suggest the need for early circumcision to achieve maximum effectiveness in populations with a high incidence of HIV and cervical cancer."

For maximum reductions in HIV and HPV infections and related diseases in women, such as cervical cancer, the researchers recommend that both circumcision and HPV vaccination of the male population should be delivered prior to sexual debut.


Contact: Ferdie De Vega
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute

Related medicine news :

1. Nuclear physics promises earlier detection of brain tumors with just 1 scan
2. Earlier Detection of Breast Cancer May Be Possible
3. Women Who Marry Younger Men May Die Earlier
4. Cost of caring for stroke patients double that of earlier estimates
5. Teen automobile crash rates are higher when school starts earlier
6. Gene-Based Detection Method Might Spot HIV Earlier
7. Sleep Disorder May Help Predict Parkinsons Decades Earlier
8. New way of classifying rheumatoid arthritis aimed at identifying the disease earlier
9. Absent Father Might Mean Earlier Puberty for Higher-Income Girls
10. Experimental Test May Spot Prostate Cancer Earlier, More Accurately
11. Urine Markers May Reveal Kidney Damage Earlier
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... Support Solutions, announced at the Radiology Society of North America (RSNA) annual meeting, ... seen over 60% growth from 2014. Throughout 2015, the company has completed ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... In an interview with ... as a top ophthalmologist on Long Island’s east end. During the broadcast, entitled “Eyes: ... surgery and treatment of glaucoma and cataracts, and how a visit with his grandmother ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... CHICAGO (PRWEB) , ... November ... ... introduced two new additions to its industry-leading suite of automated breast density ... of North America (RSNA) meeting, November 29-December 4, 2015 (South Hall booth ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... Since its inception, Seniors Guide has ... assisted living and all other retirement options. Support for issues surrounding the senior ... a top priority. , So it’s no surprise that every November, Seniors ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... ... It’s inevitable that everyone will experience death in his or her lifetime. Whether ... among us. It is your perspective, however, that determines how you view death in ... Sky understands that she may see death more frequently than most. As she was ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015 iCAD, Inc. (Nasdaq: ICAD ... latest solutions for advanced image analysis and workflow ... the Radiological Society of North American (RSNA) 2015 ... from November 29 to December 4, 2015. The ... an automated breast density assessment solution, PowerLook® Advanced ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... CHICAGO , Nov. 30, 2015   Nuance ... The National Decision Support Company (NDSC) today ... support and collaboration capabilities that utilize the American College ... and healthcare provider organizations to comply with current ... --> --> By combining clinical ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Kingdom , Nov. 30, 2015 ... a further 20 TrueBeam™ machines from Varian Medical ... an ongoing program to replace older machines and ... in the UK,s public hospitals. The order, placed ... and 50 licenses for Varian,s RapidArc® and Eclipse™ ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: