Navigation Links
Drug combination effective against multiple myeloma, researchers show
Date:11/21/2007

HOUSTON - Pairing a new thalidomide derivative with a steroid slows progress of multiple myeloma, an incurable bone marrow cancer, and prolongs the lives of patients who have relapsed from previous treatment, researchers report in the Nov. 22 New England Journal of Medicine.

In the study conducted at 44 centers in the United States and Canada, 353 patients with myeloma received either a combination of lenalidomide (Revlimid(r)) and the steroid dexamethasone or dexamethasone plus a placebo.

"Those taking the lenalidomide combination had a median time to disease progression of 11.1 months compared with 4.7 months in the placebo-dexamethasone group and an improved median overall survival time of 29.6 months compared with 20.2 months," says lead author Donna Weber, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center.

The results were impressive enough that in December of 2005 an independent interim data analysis resulted in the trial being halted early so those on placebo-dexamethasone could also benefit from the addition of lenalidomide.

The collaborative study by North American Multiple Myeloma Study Investigators, and an international trial also reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, led to the approval of lenalidomide and dexamethasone for previously treated patients by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2006.

"These trials highlight how large-scale cooperation in a team effort by myeloma investigators can quickly confirm benefits and introduce new active agents for patients with this disease," Weber says. "We also owe a debt to the willing patients who participated in this study."

Multiple myeloma is caused by formation of abnormal plasma cells, a type of white blood cell, in the bone marrow. These cells multiply rapidly, crowding out normal red and white blood cells and platelets. Tumors starting in the bone marrow may cause pain, and weaken bones predisposing them to fracture. In the United States about 20,000 people are diagnosed with multiple myeloma annually, and about 11,000 succumb to the disease each year.

Thalidomide, a breakthrough drug for multiple myeloma, is produced and marketed by Celgene Corporation as Thalomid(r). The company chemically altered thalidomide to make lenalidomide, known commercially as Revlimid(r), in hopes of reducing side effects and improving efficacy against the disease. The drugs attack both the malignant cells and the cellular environment that nurtures them.

Of 177 patients who received the lenalidomide combination therapy, 108 (61 percent) had complete, near-complete or partial responses to the medication compared with 35 patients out of 176 (19.9 percent) in the placebo-dexamethasone group.

An analysis by Michael Wang, M.D., assistant professor in the Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma at M. D. Anderson, found 56.8 percent of patients who had prior treatment with thalidomide before receiving the lenalidomide combination had a response, compared with 64.1 percent with no previous thalidomide treatment. "That suggests that the drugs differ enough to get a separate response, not just a refinement of side effects," Weber says.

The superior results for the combination also held up among patients previously treated with another new drug, bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor known commercially as Velcade and marketed by Millennium Pharmaceuticals.

Combinations of drugs are important in ongoing treatment as a patient's disease becomes resistant to one therapy. "It's great that this research gave us a new drug," Weber says, "But what we also find with new drugs is that they work well with older therapies, which gives us many combinations to offer our patients."

Lenalidomide is being tested as a front-line therapy and in combination with other medications in a variety of clinical trials.

Overall, 85.3 percent of those receiving the combination therapy experienced side effects compared with 73.1 percent of the placebo-dexamethasone group. Some of the side effects were serious enough to cause 19.8 percent of the combination group and 10.2 percent of the placebo group to quit the trial.

Major side effects from the combination were suppression of patients' white blood cells, making them vulnerable to infection, and formation of blood clots. In most cases, these side effects were countered by decreasing the lenalidomide dose, or administering antibiotics or anticoagulants.

One of the major side effects of thalidomide - significant nerve pain and numbness in the limbs known as peripheral neuropathy - was nearly absent in the lenalidomide group.


'/>"/>

Contact: Scott Merville
sdmervil@mdanderson.org
713-792-0661
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Promising drug combination may help those with ocular melanoma that has spread
2. Combination therapy reverses effects of portal hypertension in rats
3. Combination vaccines okay for infants, study shows
4. Antidepressants and painkillers - a dangerous combination
5. Intra-arterial combination chemotherapy induces long-term survival for hepatocellular carcinoma
6. U.S. Oncology Initiates Complete Phase Ib Trial of Brostallicin Combination Therapy in Advanced Solid Tumors
7. Drug combination might offer hope for patients deadly brain tumors
8. EpiCept to Present Preclinical Studies of EPC2407 in Combination With Anti-Angiogenic and Chemotherpeutic Agents at the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference
9. Combination targets: some drugs may work best when they work together
10. MAP Pharmaceuticals Initiates Phase 2a Clinical Trial of Combination Therapy in Adult Patients with Asthma
11. Quality Control: Nissan Quest to Feature micronAir(R) Combination Cabin Air Filters
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The International Association of ... of excellence for the field of eating disorders, announces the opening of early ... in Orlando, Florida at the Omni Resort at ChampionsGate. , The ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the ... national organization of elder law and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps ... provides a forum to network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) of Somerset Hills is proud to ... unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed event will raise funds and awareness ... VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, November 4 (10:00 a.m. – 5:00 ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The ... the most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book ... have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story of ... Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation of ... taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, which ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... IRVING, Texas , Oct. 11, 2017  Caris ... science focused on fulfilling the promise of precision medicine, ... Institute has joined Caris, Precision Oncology Alliance™ (POA) as ... leading cancer centers, the St. Jude Crosson Cancer Institute ... to advance the use of tumor profiling, making cancer ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... IRVING, Texas , Oct. 6, 2017   ... industry with more than $100 billion in purchasing power, ... industry news and information. The Newsroom is ... chain and industry trends, infographics, expert bios, news releases, ... Besides having access to a wealth of resources at ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... Oct. 2, 2017 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: ... Software and Consulting, LLC , and named its founder ... based in Tennessee , will operate ... expands EnvoyHealth,s service offerings for health care partners to ... "In an interoperable world, technology ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: