Navigation Links
Drug Users With HIV at Much Higher Overdose Risk
Date:12/16/2011

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-infected drug users are 74 percent more likely to have an overdose than those without HIV, a new evidence review finds.

Behavioral and biological factors may be among the reasons for this increased risk, according to the Rhode Island Hospital researchers. Drug overdose is a frequent cause of non-AIDS death among people with HIV.

The link between HIV infection and drug use is well documented, but the association between HIV and overdose has received less attention and was the focus of this study, which involved a review of 24 previous studies.

"Over the past 30 years, we have made impressive strides in caring for and prolonging the lives of people with HIV. Our study found that premature death by overdose is an issue that affects people with HIV disproportionately," study leader Traci Green, a researcher with Rhode Island Hospital and the Lifespan/Tufts/Brown Center for AIDS Research, said in a hospital news release.

"It is not entirely clear why the risk is greater, and few studies have endeavored to figure out why this might be happening," she added.

Biological factors may include clinical status, weakened immune systems, opportunistic infections and poorer physical health among HIV-infected drug users. Some research has suggested that hepatitis C infection and other conditions that affect metabolic ability may also increase the risk of overdose, according to the release.

Behavioral factors -- such as high-risk lifestyles and an increased rate of psychiatric conditions -- may also contribute to the higher risk of overdose among HIV-infected drug users, Green said.

Other possible factors could include homelessness and poverty, and poor access to medications and therapy used to treat opioid dependence, she suggested. Many HIV patients take opioid painkiller drugs as part of their treatment, while others use illegal opioids.

The study appears online in advance of print in the journal AIDS.

"Bringing overdose awareness and prevention into the HIV care setting is critical to reducing overdose deaths," Green said.

"Health care providers who treat HIV-infected patients with a history of substance abuse or who are taking opioid medications should consider counseling patients on how to reduce their risk of overdose. They may also consider prescribing naloxone (Narcan) to patients, or offering a referral to MAT (medication-assisted therapy) to reduce the risk of overdose," she advised.

Naloxone is a prescription medication that reverses an opioid overdose and has no abuse potential.

More information

The New Mexico AIDS Education and Training Center has more about recreational drugs and HIV.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Rhode Island Hospital, news release, Dec. 12, 2011


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Phonak Asks Young FM Users to Tell Their Stories on YouTube
2. Oxycontin Abusers Often Rely on Leftover Meds From Friends
3. Maher Law Firm Warns Avandia Users - NY Times Reports - FDA Recommends Recall of Avandia
4. Personalized Live on-Demand Yoga Avatar Gains Popularity Amongst Users, Across all age Groups
5. The Results Are In: Users of BodyMedia's Wearable Body-Monitoring Technology Lose 3 Times More Weight
6. Visible Vote Surpasses 1 Million Votes Sent to Congress; 96% of Users Will Use Visible Vote to Decide Who to Elect
7. Salesforce.com Users Increase Sales and Marketing Communications 320 Percent
8. TheBookPatch.com Launches: Writers Have Free Online Destination with Myriad Tools; Users Can Print One Book at a Time
9. Some bisphosphonates users unfamiliar with drugs possible side effects on oral health
10. Scientific Study Reveals that 79 Percent of Electronic Cigarette Users Have Stopped or Reduced Their Tobacco Use
11. Club Drug Special K Could Leave Users Incontinent
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Drug Users With HIV at Much Higher Overdose Risk
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... W.S. Badger Co. Inc ., the maker of ... recognized as one of the best small businesses for new dads by Fatherly, the ... small businesses providing progressive benefits to new parents on the organization’s 2016 Best ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... In response ... many who are unaware of the plight of aphasia. In collaboration with the ... “Stroke Awareness” campaign. , The link between stroke and aphasia is relatively unknown, ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... With a ... medical and food industries. Aside from its GMP accreditation, Validation Center is also ... successfully certified products, services and staff. , Validation Center is ISO17025 accredited and ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... outcomes, hosted members and suppliers for its inaugural Member Conference at the Paris ... mission of elevating the operational health of America’s healthcare providers. , The conference ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Cardiac arrhythmia is ... impact on long-term patient survival, reports a team of UPMC researchers in the ... in the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, provide critical information that will ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... New Zealand , May 24, 2016 ... and informatics solutions for the healthcare sector, has been named ... New Zealand Hi-Tech Awards 2016. Dr Bruce ... fantastic acknowledgement for our team.  It,s really good to be ... burden healthcare internationally. Our products are used in 35 countries ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016  Joe Marziani has joined VMS BioMarketing as senior ... executive officer, today. In his new role, Marziani will lead the company,s business development ... professionals to improve outcomes. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160523/371089 ... ... ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... 24, 2016 ... , la première endoprothèse à double thérapie ... l,intervention portant sur les membres inférieurs et ... OrbusNeich, entreprise mondiale spécialisée dans la fourniture ... vie, a élargi son portefeuille pour inclure ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: