Navigation Links
Drug Offers Promising Approach to Improve Outcome for Children with High-risk Leukemia
Date:11/15/2013

Memphis, Tenn. (PRWEB) November 15, 2013

Combining the drug gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) with conventional chemotherapy may improve the outcome of bone marrow transplantation for some children battling high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to a study led by St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. The results appear in the current edition of the journal Cancer.

For young AML patients with suitable bone marrow donors, transplantation offers the best chance of a cure. Being free of even low levels of detectable cancer cells prior to transplantation is associated with better patient survival. This analysis found that combination therapy helped to eliminate minimal residual disease (MRD) in young AML patients who initially had a poor response to chemotherapy. By reducing MRD levels prior to transplantation, it is likely that GO contributed to the excellent outcome of these patients, researchers said.

The drug, trade named Mylotarg, received accelerated approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2000 for treatment of AML in adults. The drug was voluntarily withdrawn in 2010 following questions about its safety and efficacy. Since then several studies conducted while the drug was authorized reported promising results in adults with AML. Those reports prompted this analysis of pediatric AML patients who received GO in a clinical trial conducted while the drug was available.

Researchers said the results add to evidence that both adults and children battling AML may benefit from treatments that use a similar mechanism as GO to combat AML. The drug was not associated with severe toxicity in this or other recent studies.

Unlike traditional chemotherapy that kills rapidly dividing cells, both malignant and healthy, GO was designed to kill more selectively. The drug works by targeting a protein carried on the surface of about 90 percent of AML cells. Work has begun on new strategies, including antibody-based therapies, that target the same AML surface protein, said the study’s senior author Jeffrey Rubnitz, M.D., Ph.D., a member of the St. Jude Department of Oncology.

AML is diagnosed in about 500 children annually and accounts for about 20 percent of childhood leukemia. The disease affects white blood cells.

“Currently there are few options for AML patients who relapse or do not respond to conventional therapy,” said first author Carol O’Hear, M.D., Ph.D., a St. Jude postdoctoral oncology fellow. Added Rubnitz: “Without new agents, it is unlikely we will be able to improve pediatric AML survival beyond current levels of about 70 percent. The results of this and earlier studies make a strong case that some patients benefit from this targeted therapy, which has us looking for new ways to take aim at the same protein.”

This study involved a subset of patients enrolled in a clinical trial of pediatric AML called AML02. Altogether, 232 children with AML enrolled in the six-year, multicenter trial that ended in 2008. A total of 46 patients received GO alone or in combination with conventional chemotherapy.

For this analysis, researchers wanted to know if GO was associated with reduced MRD. Patients were considered free of MRD if less than one cancer cell could be detected in 1,000 normal bone marrow cells.

Seventeen patients received GO alone when MRD was detected after two rounds of chemotherapy with the drugs cytarabine, daunorubicin and etoposide. After GO treatment, leukemia declined in 14 of the 17 patients and fell to undetectable levels in 13 patients.

An additional 29 patients received GO as part of their second round of three-drug chemotherapy. All had levels of residual disease that indicated a poor initial response to chemotherapy alone, including nine with MRD levels of 25 percent or more. Residual disease fell to undetectable levels in four of the nine patients following combination therapy.

Malignant cells fell to undetectable levels in 45 percent, or nine of the remaining 20 patients whose second round of treatment included GO plus chemotherapy. The patients all had MRD of between 1 and 25 percent after the first round of chemotherapy.

The overall five-year survival level of the 20 patients was 55 percent, compared to 36 percent for 22 patients with similar MRD who received chemotherapy alone. The survival difference between the two groups was not statistically significant, but investigators said the results point to a possible benefit of GO treatment for some pediatric AML patients whose cancer remained following chemotherapy. The 22 patients were treated early in AML02 before the protocol was revised to expand the use of GO. The revision followed evidence that the drug was well tolerated by the young AML patients.

The other authors are Hiroto Inaba, Stanley Pounds, Lei Shi, Ching-Hon Pui and Raul Ribeiro, all of St. Jude; Gary Dahl, Packard Children’s Hospital and Stanford Cancer Center, Palo Alto, Calif.; W. Paul Bowman, Cook Children’s Medical Center, Fort Worth, Texas; Jeffrey Taub, Children’s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit; and Elaine Coustan-Smith and Dario Campana, National University of Singapore.

The study was supported in part by a grant (CA02176530) from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health and ALSAC.

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/11/prweb11339143.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2012 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Drug offers promising approach to improve outcome for children with high-risk leukemia
2. Absolute Bird Control Offers Complete Line of Woodpecker Deterrents
3. Spectrum Surgical Offers a Range of Surgical Instrument Education Programs and Products for Ongoing Training and to Make Patients Safer
4. Medorizon Offers EMR and ICD-10 Training to Help Medical Community with Change
5. 4leafcity.com Is Launching Special Offers On Its Cardigan Sweaters For Men
6. UC Davis Children's Hospital Offers Access to Pediatric Subspecialty Care for Rural Newborns With PEANUT Program
7. Winter Issue of ChopChop Magazine Offers Edible Gift Ideas for Kids to Make for Family and Friends
8. Asbestos Found in Winnebago County Jail, Florida Asbestos Testing Company AGC Environmental Offers Tip How to Avoid the Mineral Fiber's Fatal Health Effects
9. Goji Advance Weight Loss Formula Offers and Deals: Now Customers Can Get One Extra Bottle on Select Packages
10. Venapro: The Natural Hemorrhoids Treatment Product Now Offers 50% Discount on Select Packages for Limited Time
11. Adventure To Fitness Offers Trial Weekend For Thanksgiving
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... Full Contact K9, an Atlanta-based dog ... Protect Law that assists dog owners in creating legally-enforceable pet trusts for their ... the natural next step to protect their new companion. Says Evan Dunbar, CEO of ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... ... CHARM CITY RUN WELCOMES MERCY MEDICAL CENTER AS , BALTIMORE WOMEN’S CLASSIC TITLE ... the official title sponsor of the Baltimore Women’s Classic, the largest all women’s 5K ... walk or run the course around the Baltimore Inner Harbor. Mercy has been the ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 30, 2017 , ... Sublime Naturals and its founder, Kathy Heshelow, ... Spice", it has been used for thousands of years. , "The West has caught ... of " Turmeric: How to Use it For Your Wellness. Overcome Inflammation, Enemy of ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... Wells Pharmacy Network, ... prescribers at the upcoming World Congress, in Hollywood Florida April 6-8, 2017. , ... as the visionary leader in the training of physicians, scientists, and members of ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... The Wall Centre Dental team ... patients from Burnaby, BC. Patients in need of experienced orthodontics, laser dentistry, porcelain ... the esteemed team at Wall Centre Dental. Drs. Parviz Roshan, Siamak Tehrani, Milton ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/30/2017)... 30, 2017  Akcea Therapeutics, a subsidiary of Ionis ... a Phase 2b dose-ranging study of AKCEA-APO(a)-L Rx ... goal of the study is to determine the dose ... in a planned Phase 3 cardiovascular outcome study. ... strategic collaboration with Novartis to develop and commercialize drugs ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... March 29, 2017  Bodycad announced today that ... (FDA) 510(k) clearance for its Bodycad Unicompartmental Knee ... personalized orthopaedic restoration. Bodycad is the first Canadian ... reconstruction implant system. Bodycad,s revolutionary ... restoration of the patient,s unique anatomical features and ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017 Avelas Biosciences, Inc., a ... diagnosis through treatment, today announced that Carmine N. Stengone , ... company at the Needham & Company 16 th Annual Healthcare ... a.m. PDT) at the Westin Grand Central Hotel in ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: