Navigation Links
Don't mistake an athlete for a 'toxic jock'
Date:6/1/2009

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- A rose by any other name is still a rose, but is an athlete by another namea jock?

"The terms 'athlete' and 'jock' are sometimes used interchangeably, but they are really descriptions of two distinct sport-related identities," says University at Buffalo researcher Kathleen E. Miller, Ph.D. "In terms of goal orientations toward sports and conformity to gender norms, these two identities represent very different perspectives and may be associated with different behaviors."

Miller, a research scientist at UB's Research Institute on Addictions, explained that the differences between the jock identity and the athlete identity may have implications for health-risk behavior. To some extent at least, jocks may constitute a specialized -- and problematic -- subset of athletes. Research by Miller and others is exploring a "toxic jock" model that links involvement in high-status, high-profile sports with rigid adherence to stereotypical expectations of masculinity, a tolerance for risk and health-compromising behaviors such as substance use and unsafe sex.

The practical implications of these findings are clear: developing ways to help sports participants generate "athlete" (rather than "jock") identities could potentially help buffer adolescents and young adults against health-compromising behaviors.

Miller's Athletic Involvement Study surveyed 581 college students with histories of organized sports participation to rate how strongly they saw themselves (or believed others saw them) as athletes or as jocks. Only 18 percent of students strongly identified with the identity of "jock," while 55 percent strongly identified with the identity of "athlete." In fact, students were twice as likely to reject the jock label.

Self-identified athletes tended to be task-oriented; they defined sport success in terms of skills development and mastery and the pursuit of personal excellence, Miller found. Jocks were more ego-oriented; they defined sport success by comparing their own performance to that of others.

Endorsement of stereotypical masculine norms in the study was also stronger among jocks than among athletes. Students who identified strongly as jocks were likely to support "masculine" attitudes about violence, sex, winning, dominance and risk-taking; those who identified strongly as athletes supported some of these attitudes (commitment to winning) but actively rejected others ("playboy" attitudes about sex) and were neutral on the rest (propensity for violence, dominance and risk-taking).

Both sport-related identities were stronger among men than among women. Two thirds (68 percent) of men and 39 percent of women surveyed identified themselves as athletes. Twenty-five percent of men and only eight percent of women identified themselves as jocks.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kathleen Weaver
weaver@ria.buffalo.edu
716-887-2585
University at Buffalo
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Growing Link Between Diabetes and Periodontal Disease Focus of National Gathering for Health Care Leaders
2. Treating your periodontal pockets may benefit your pocket book
3. Ortho Organizers(R) Announces the Launch of the Ancor Pro(TM) Orthodontic Anchorage System Hands-on Course
4. Survey confirms Americans prefer root canal treatment by endodontists
5. Most With High Blood Pressure Dont Follow Recommended Diet
6. Watch Your Mouth: Michigan Association of Endodontists Offers Four Part Series on Keeping Your Teeth Healthy
7. NYU dental researchers find evidence of periodontal disease leading to gestational diabetes
8. HPV, periodontitis work in tandem to increase risk of tongue cancer
9. Ortho Organizers(R) Introduces New Premium Product Line - O2 Select(TM) Orthodontic Instruments
10. Saving teeth by using periodontal ligament regeneration
11. Researchers uncover higher prevalence of periodontal disease in rheumatoid arthritis patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... Delaware farmer Rick Dickerson attended ... Missouri. , Dickerson, of Laurel, farms about a thousand acres of soybeans, corn and ... on contract and pumpkins and other vegetables for the fresh market. He also operates ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... publication among specialty pharmacists and pharmacy professionals, has teamed up with Ochsner ... (SAP) program, announced Brian Haug, president of Pharmacy Healthcare Communications, LLC, publishers ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... Park Agencies Insurance & ... to families and business owners in the greater Kansas City area, is joining ... disabilities. , The Lakemary Center is a comprehensive educational resource center that provides ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Hear the World Foundation, a Sonova ... of cochlear implants. In February 2017, the first three children with profound hearing ... leading an independent life. This engagement builds on the support the Hear the ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... 17, 2017 , ... Anesthesia Progress – Everyone wants less pain ... drug option for each patient. Dentists have several general anesthesia alternatives and finding the ... from the Tokyo Dental College in Tokyo, Japan wanted to find out which anesthetic ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... BETHESDA, Md. , Jan. 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... in the coffee family, are often used to ... are consumed by several million Americans annually to ... as a natural remedy for minor aches and ... kratom,s effects is intended to assist FDA and ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... Suiza, 18 de enero de 2017  Hoy, en ... Access Accelerated, una iniciativa global para avanzar el acceso ... atención en países de renta baja y baja-media (LICs ... un punto de crisis, particularmente en países de renta ... por ciento de las muertes relacionadas con NCD. El ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... In China , we say ... Upgrade of China,s Healthy Strategy originates. ... for Economic and Social Development of the People,s ... the state council of the People,s Republic of ... industry development plan, identifying medical devices as one of the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: