Navigation Links
Don't make that face at me!
Date:3/2/2010

Philadelphia, PA, 2 March 2010 - Think back to your last fight with someone you love. How did you feel afterwards? How did you behave? Conflict with a loved one often leaves a person feeling terrible and then behaving badly. So much so that these scenarios have become soap opera clichs. After an argument, one partner may brood, slam the door, and then drive to a local bar to drown their sorrows in alcohol. These dramas rarely have happy endings. Given these stereotypes, how do people control their emotional reactions and prevent emotional storms and their attendant use of intoxicating substances?

A new study published in Biological Psychiatry, by Elsevier, suggests that the lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) is a brain region that may help people to control their emotional reactions to negative facial expressions from their romantic partners.

Christine Hooker and her colleagues recruited healthy, adult participants in committed relationships. The research subjects viewed positive, negative, and neutral facial expressions of their partners during a brain scan. In an online daily diary, participants reported conflict occurrence, level of negative mood, rumination, and substance use.

They found that LPFC activity in response to the laboratory-based affective challenge predicted self-regulation after an interpersonal conflict in daily life. When there was no interpersonal conflict, LPFC activity was not related to mood or behavior the next day. However, when an interpersonal conflict did occur, LPFC activity predicted mood and behavior the next day, such that lower activity was related to higher levels of negative mood, rumination, and substance use.

The study findings suggest that low LPFC function may be a risk-factor for mood and behavioral problems after a stressful interpersonal event.

The constructive management of negative emotional states that emerge inevitably within romantic relationships can be a critical facet of coping with the world. These relationships frequently serve as emotional havens from the stresses of the working world. Yet these relationships also may augment rather than reduce life stress. When that happens, problematic behaviors such as over-eating and substance abuse may increase.

Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry, commented on the importance of these findings: "When activated in the context of intense emotion, it appears that the LPFC helps us to manage the intensity of negative emotions that emerge in social relationships. When this brain region does not efficiently activate or when the intensity of the conflict is very high, people need to learn behavioral strategies to cope with the emotional response. For some people this strategy can be as simple as counting to 10 before doing something that they might regret later."

This study raises an important question. How can clinicians enhance the function of the LPFC when its function is compromised? Cognitive and behavioral strategies may be important treatment components.

As Dr. Hooker explained, their findings "suggest that imaging can provide potentially useful information about who may be vulnerable to mood and behavioral problems after a stressful event. We hope that future research will build on this idea and explore ways that imaging can be used to inform people about their emotional vulnerabilities."


'/>"/>

Contact: Maureen Hunter
m.hunter@elsevier.com
215-239-3674
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 6 Day Dental and Orthodontics Gets an A+ Check Up
2. Long Island Children's Orthodontist, Dr. Inna Gellerman, Celebrates Season of Giving with Holiday Drives and Events
3. Interleukin Genetics Receives Approval To Sell its PST(R) Periodontal Disease Genetic Test in New York
4. Scientific Journal Gene Therapy Reports That Cardiums Gene Activated Matrix Technology Accelerates Periodontal Tissue Regeneration
5. Florida Gentle Dental Dentists Giving Away Smile Makeover and Orthodontic Braces at 7th Annual Our Kids World Family Fun Festival
6. Patients with moderate to severe periodontitis need evaluation for heart disease risk
7. Top Dentist Issues Opinion on Health Benefits of Cutting-Edge Orthodontics
8. Over half of people with rheumatoid arthritis have periodontitis
9. Journal of Periodontology and the American Journal of Cardiology develop joint clinical recommendations
10. Scientists find shared genetic link between the dental disease periodontitis and heart attack
11. New Jersey Orthodontist Patrick T. Cuozzo Launches User-Friendly, State-of-the-Art New Website
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Rollon Skin ... anti-aging skincare solutions, recently announced the launch of two new skincare products, ... yet effective alternative to expensive plastic surgery or in-patient cosmetic dermatological procedures. , ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... Riccobene Associates Family Dentistry, the ... NC to its family of practices. Residents of Goldsboro will be able to ... 2017. , Riccobene Associates Family Dentistry, founded by Dr. Michael Riccobene in ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... , ... August 17, 2017 , ... ... a period of three years for its residential drug and alcohol detox program. ... to an organization and shows the organization’s substantial conformance to the CARF standards. ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... Lansdale, PA (PRWEB) , ... August 17, 2017 ... ... Reverse Expo is an opportunity for IDNs and healthcare systems to interact with ... of Hayes, Inc. and Karla Barber, RN, BCN, CVAHP, System Director of Clinical ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... , ... August 17, 2017 , ... ... (ER) on Wednesday, August 16, to community partners. The newly renovated ER was ... Track” area for minor emergencies, eight semi-private rooms to deliver patient results, improve ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/4/2017)... , Aug. 4, 2017 The search ... shortly after a physician/patient consult has long been the ... was a notable focus of the largest meeting of ... according to healthcare market research firm Kalorama Information.  The ... testing (POCT) offerings or related supplies and software were ...
(Date:8/2/2017)... 2017  Life Flight Network and PeaceHealth Oregon Network announced ... care and operational efficiency for patients at hospitals in ... Cottage Grove , and Florence, Oregon ... Life Flight Network work collaboratively to move patients who require ... a time sensitive emergency exists. ...
(Date:7/31/2017)... 7D Surgical, developer of ground breaking surgical navigation ... Surgical System to support its strategic sales plan in ... and Virginia.  7D Surgical has entered into an exclusive sales ... medical facilities within those markets. ... Spartan Medical Purchases ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: