Navigation Links
Don't make that face at me!
Date:3/2/2010

Philadelphia, PA, 2 March 2010 - Think back to your last fight with someone you love. How did you feel afterwards? How did you behave? Conflict with a loved one often leaves a person feeling terrible and then behaving badly. So much so that these scenarios have become soap opera clichs. After an argument, one partner may brood, slam the door, and then drive to a local bar to drown their sorrows in alcohol. These dramas rarely have happy endings. Given these stereotypes, how do people control their emotional reactions and prevent emotional storms and their attendant use of intoxicating substances?

A new study published in Biological Psychiatry, by Elsevier, suggests that the lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) is a brain region that may help people to control their emotional reactions to negative facial expressions from their romantic partners.

Christine Hooker and her colleagues recruited healthy, adult participants in committed relationships. The research subjects viewed positive, negative, and neutral facial expressions of their partners during a brain scan. In an online daily diary, participants reported conflict occurrence, level of negative mood, rumination, and substance use.

They found that LPFC activity in response to the laboratory-based affective challenge predicted self-regulation after an interpersonal conflict in daily life. When there was no interpersonal conflict, LPFC activity was not related to mood or behavior the next day. However, when an interpersonal conflict did occur, LPFC activity predicted mood and behavior the next day, such that lower activity was related to higher levels of negative mood, rumination, and substance use.

The study findings suggest that low LPFC function may be a risk-factor for mood and behavioral problems after a stressful interpersonal event.

The constructive management of negative emotional states that emerge inevitably within romantic relationships can be a critical facet of coping with the world. These relationships frequently serve as emotional havens from the stresses of the working world. Yet these relationships also may augment rather than reduce life stress. When that happens, problematic behaviors such as over-eating and substance abuse may increase.

Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry, commented on the importance of these findings: "When activated in the context of intense emotion, it appears that the LPFC helps us to manage the intensity of negative emotions that emerge in social relationships. When this brain region does not efficiently activate or when the intensity of the conflict is very high, people need to learn behavioral strategies to cope with the emotional response. For some people this strategy can be as simple as counting to 10 before doing something that they might regret later."

This study raises an important question. How can clinicians enhance the function of the LPFC when its function is compromised? Cognitive and behavioral strategies may be important treatment components.

As Dr. Hooker explained, their findings "suggest that imaging can provide potentially useful information about who may be vulnerable to mood and behavioral problems after a stressful event. We hope that future research will build on this idea and explore ways that imaging can be used to inform people about their emotional vulnerabilities."


'/>"/>

Contact: Maureen Hunter
m.hunter@elsevier.com
215-239-3674
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 6 Day Dental and Orthodontics Gets an A+ Check Up
2. Long Island Children's Orthodontist, Dr. Inna Gellerman, Celebrates Season of Giving with Holiday Drives and Events
3. Interleukin Genetics Receives Approval To Sell its PST(R) Periodontal Disease Genetic Test in New York
4. Scientific Journal Gene Therapy Reports That Cardiums Gene Activated Matrix Technology Accelerates Periodontal Tissue Regeneration
5. Florida Gentle Dental Dentists Giving Away Smile Makeover and Orthodontic Braces at 7th Annual Our Kids World Family Fun Festival
6. Patients with moderate to severe periodontitis need evaluation for heart disease risk
7. Top Dentist Issues Opinion on Health Benefits of Cutting-Edge Orthodontics
8. Over half of people with rheumatoid arthritis have periodontitis
9. Journal of Periodontology and the American Journal of Cardiology develop joint clinical recommendations
10. Scientists find shared genetic link between the dental disease periodontitis and heart attack
11. New Jersey Orthodontist Patrick T. Cuozzo Launches User-Friendly, State-of-the-Art New Website
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2017)... Orion, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2017 ... ... signs of fertility and infertility. These methods observe the naturally occurring signs ... in intercourse during the most fertile time. , Natural family planning and ...
(Date:4/29/2017)... Baltimore, MD (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2017 , ... ... noisy jobs, so what are Americans doing in their leisure time that causes hearing ... assess lifestyle habits that may be contributing to hearing loss, as well as schedule ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... with the Home Care Association of America (HCAOA). This agreement allows HCAOA members ... services, as well as discounts on Accreditation University (AU) educational resources that help ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield ... credit rating of “A” and its outlook as “stable.” At the same time, the ... have fallen in recent years, dip below “capital adequacy” thresholds required for its strong ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Ushio ... These lamps offer an instant energy-saving solution for F32T8 fluorescent lamps on most ... disconnect ballasts. These 50,000 hour rated lamps utilize the existing electronic ballast, saving ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017  AbbVie (NYSE: ABBV), ... percent (n=145/146) of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) ... or 6 and compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A) achieved ... 12 ) with its investigational, pan-genotypic regimen of ... were seen following 12 weeks of G/P treatment ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Manufacturing Services Market Analysis By Service (Manufacturing, Research), By Country, ... - 2025" report to their offering. ... The Latin American pharmaceutical contract manufacturing ... 2025 Low drug registration cost in Latin American ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 19, 2017  IRIDEX Corporation (Nasdaq: IRIX ... for the first quarter 2017 after the close of ... team will host a corresponding conference call beginning at ... Investors interested in listening to the conference call may ... or (703) 326-3030 for international callers, using conference ID: ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: