Navigation Links
'Don't drink and ride': Improving subway safety
Date:12/16/2008

December 16, 2008 -- Structural interventions and public safety messages may be the most effective ways to prevent subway fatalities and improve the overall safety of New York City subway systems, according to a study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Subway safety is important because even though subway transit is a relatively safe mode of transportation, it has the highest fatality rate of all forms of mass transit in the U.S. The paper, "Epidemiology of Subway-Related Fatalities in New York City," is published in the November 2008 edition of the Journal of Safety Research.

To characterize subway-related fatalities and identify opportunities for risk reduction, the Mailman School researchers reviewed files from the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner of New York City (OCME) for all NYC subway-related deaths between the years 1990-2003. During that time, there were 668 subway-related fatalities. Of these, 10 (1.5%) were homicides, 343 (51.3%) were suicides, and 315 (47.2%) were accidental (unintentional) deaths. The majority (84%) of all subway fatality victims were male, and the largest proportion (26.5%) of victims were between 35-44 years of ages. More subway-related fatalities occurred in Manhattan (43.1%) than in any other borough.

Unintentional subway fatalities may result from a variety of adverse events, such as incursions onto the tracks. Passengers may purposefully jump onto tracks to retrieve dropped personal items, or accidentally fall onto the tracks through missteps, sudden illness, or lack of supervision of children. Thrill-seeking behaviors ("subway surfing") of youth may also result in fatalities.

"An interesting finding of the study was the relationship between alcohol intoxication and unintentional subway fatalities; 46% of all accidental subway-fatality victims had a positive toxicological screen for alcohol. This is significantly higher than the average rate reported by the OCME for all other subway fatality victims, including homicides and suicides," says Robyn Gershon, DrPH, professor of clinical Sociomedical Sciences at the Mailman School of Public Health. "Given that more than 75% of households in Manhattan and more than 50% of those in all of NYC do not own a car, there may be a sense that drinking alcohol to the point of intoxication is not risky since people are not driving," says Dr. Gershon. "However these data suggest that riding subways while intoxicated may be associated with accidental death. This is a public health message that has not, to our knowledge, been communicated to the general public."

Improvements to the subway environment, such as adequate lighting, well-functioning and structurally sound elevators, escalators, subway cars and rails, clear egress paths, easy to follow signage, effective communication systems, good housekeeping, and other standard environmental controls may improve safety outcomes. Increasing the visibility of police and lowering the level of disorder on subways is also an important component to reducing the overall climate for violent crime, as well as the fear of violent crime.

Dr. Gershon suggests that public information campaigns addressing the dangers associated with riding after drinking may help lessen the risk of this type of unintentional fatality. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority already promotes safety through numerous messages aimed at parents of young children and thrill-seeking individuals, as well as safe riding in general. "Public messages, similar to the ones developed to discourage drunk driving, might be similarly effective in raising the awareness of the risk associated with intoxication while riding the subway," Dr. Gershon recommends.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Growing Link Between Diabetes and Periodontal Disease Focus of National Gathering for Health Care Leaders
2. Treating your periodontal pockets may benefit your pocket book
3. Ortho Organizers(R) Announces the Launch of the Ancor Pro(TM) Orthodontic Anchorage System Hands-on Course
4. Survey confirms Americans prefer root canal treatment by endodontists
5. Most With High Blood Pressure Dont Follow Recommended Diet
6. Watch Your Mouth: Michigan Association of Endodontists Offers Four Part Series on Keeping Your Teeth Healthy
7. NYU dental researchers find evidence of periodontal disease leading to gestational diabetes
8. HPV, periodontitis work in tandem to increase risk of tongue cancer
9. Ortho Organizers(R) Introduces New Premium Product Line - O2 Select(TM) Orthodontic Instruments
10. Saving teeth by using periodontal ligament regeneration
11. Researchers uncover higher prevalence of periodontal disease in rheumatoid arthritis patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/28/2016)... States of America (PRWEB) , ... May 28, 2016 , ... ... SuperCloset knows all too well the day to day issues, struggles and obstacles ... military. The Helping Veterans Grow Project provides active or retired military veteran(s) with ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... After a year and a half of planning the Multiple ... The Multiple Pathways of Recovery Conference was held May 2 -4, 2016 at the ... United Kingdom came together to explore the many pathways individuals use to get into and ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... ... Southland Log Homes , designer and manufacturer of America’s Favorite Log ... be found on its website at SouthlandLogHomes.com. , The designs of the wood ... craftsmanship of timber post and beam construction. The result is a barn that ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... An ... returns for a third time to shed lights on the variety of topics detailing ... inspirational stories, “Nurse Appreciation” tackles why this career has gone from being in a ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... An educational ... by inspiring human-interest stories, courtesy of awareness-driven celebrities and thought leaders. It also ... advocates, associations and industry leaders such as Bioness. , As patients feel ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/31/2016)... Israel , May 31, 2016 ... its proprietary plant-based rhCollagen technology for tissue repair products ... Chief Scientist of Israel,s Ministry ... 12 million development project for 2016. The Chief Scientist,s grant ... year,s authorized grant, which totaled NIS 4.7 million.  ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... LONDON , May 31, 2016 ... der World Health Assembly zur Eliminierung von viraler ... 194 Mitgliedsstaaten eine historische Verpflichtung eingegangen, virale Hepatitis ... 69 . World Health Assembly haben sich ... Strategie bzgl. viraler Hepatitis (Global Viral Hepatitis Strategy) ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... May 30, 2016 Transparency Market ... (3D/4D) Visualization Systems Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, ... to the report, the global advanced (3D/4D) visualization systems ... and is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of ... Bn in 2024. Advanced (3D/4D) visualization systems ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: