Navigation Links
Domestic violence victims more likely to take up smoking
Date:5/5/2014

One third of women around the world have experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of their intimate partners with consequences from post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression, to sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. Now, in a new study in 29 low-income and middle-income countries, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health have identified yet another serious health risk associated with intimate partner violence (IPV): smoking.

The researchers examined the association between IPV and smoking among 231,892 women aged 15-29, using information collected in the Demographic and Health Surveys. Intimate partner violence is a serious problem in low- and middle-income countries. Reports of IPV in their study ranged from 9 to 63%. Employing a meta-analysis of country-level data that accounted for confounding factors like age, education, and household wealth, they found a 58% increased risk for smoking among the women who experienced IPV.

Women are thought to smoke tobacco to self-medicate to cope with stress from IPV. Many may be unaware of the serious health risks; tobacco kills half of its users, according to the World Health Organization.

"A recent WHO report on IPV recommended that there is a clear need to scale-up efforts to both prevent IPV from happening in the first place and to provide necessary services for women experiencing IPV," says senior author Peter A. Muennig, MD, MPH, associate professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia's Mailman School of Public Health.

The study points to a specific need for investments to help IPV victims avoid tobacco, adds first author Rishi Caleyachetty, MBBS, PhD, an epidemiologist on a Fulbright Scholarship at Columbia's Mailman School of Public Health when he wrote the paper. "Information about the consequences of smoking, motivation to quit smoking and smoking-cessation treatments could be incorporated into IPV treatment by healthcare providers who routinely interact with IPV victims," Dr. Caleyachetty says.

Any intervention to lower smoking would very likely also improve their overall health. A 2013 report by the World Health Organization suggested a link between IPV and chronic conditions, including cardiovascular disease. "Smoking is associated with cardiovascular disease, and therefore may explain part of the association between exposure to IPV and cardiovascular disease," says Dr. Caleyachetty. "However, to my knowledge this has not been extensively examined."

The new study focused on low- and middle-income countries, where little research into the IPV-tobacco link has been done. However, the researchers say their results likely mean that the phenomenon is a global one. They cite among other papers, a 2008 study by Hee-Jin Jun et al that showed increased risk in American women.

IPV and smoking may have both been underreported in the current study, which could mean that the association between the two is stronger. A temporal relationship (e.g. IPV causes smoking) couldn't be determined since the data was collected at only one point in time. Research following a group of women over time would be necessary to strengthen the evidence.

Results appear online in the journal Global Public Health.


'/>"/>

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Screening Women for Domestic Violence Could Help Prevent Abuse
2. Asians reluctant to seek help for domestic violence
3. Routine Screening Wont Cut Rates of Domestic Violence, Study Suggests
4. Innovative sobriety project reduces DUI and domestic violence arrests, study finds
5. People with mental disorders more likely to have experienced domestic violence
6. Mental Disorders Linked With Domestic Violence, Study Says
7. Task Force Urges Routine Screening of Women for Domestic Violence
8. Tracking the spread of dengue fever: Domestic networks drive rapid transmission of human infection
9. Study reveals dramatic changes in global attitudes toward domestic violence
10. Net Worth TV to Air in U.S. Domestic Airports in August
11. Grace Smith House Launches Healthy Relationship Campaign for Teens During Domestic Violence Awareness Month
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... insurance and financial consultation services to residents in the Sacramento/Folsom region, is initiating ... Chance treatment facility. , The Another Choice Another Chance treatment center in Sacramento ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 07, 2016 , ... A. Kevin Spann Insurance, a New York-based firm offering ... is launching a charity drive to raise funds that will benefit the Marine Corps ... marines and Navy FMF Corpsmen. Working closely with the MCL, the A. Kevin Spann ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... ... Facial plastic surgeon, Dr. John D. Rachel of Timeless You™ Chicago , ... local organizations: North Chicago Animal Control and Friends and Our House of Hope Rescue. ... and trained volunteers who support rescued animals held in the City of North Chicago’s ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... The medical profession is well aware ... One major study analyzing heart attacks among 138,602 people recorded a 35% higher ... year. We would all agree of course–no time of year is a good time ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Maureen McLaughlin, LA.c., a certified acupuncturist, is ... Connecticut (RMACT). McLaughlin brings nearly 20 years of experience with fertility patients to ... their family building goals. Acupuncture helps fertility patients by supporting the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... , Dec. 7, 2016 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO) ... subsidiaries—American Homecare Federation, At-Home IV Infusion Professional, BioRx, MedPro Rx, and ... infusion services, visit diplomat.is/specialty-infusion .  ... Diplomat Specialty Pharmacy (PRNewsFoto/Diplomat Pharmacy, ... "As we continue to build on ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... RIDGEFIELD, Conn. , Dec. 7, 2016 According ... survey, in more than one-third (38%) of patients with non-small ... their epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) genetic mutation status. The ... abstract ( LBA ID #6067 #P3.02b ) at ... Vienna, Austria . The survey results ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... PUNE, India , December 7, 2016 According ... Component (Services, Software), Delivery Mode, Product Type (Integrated, Standalone), Model (Knowledge-Based), Type ... by MarketsandMarkets, The CDSS Market is expected to reach USD 1,519.2 Million ... 12.2%. Continue Reading ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: