Navigation Links
Domestic violence identified as stressor associated with smoking

Boston, MA -- Using a large population survey in India, a new study from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers has found an association between domestic violence and adult smoking. The study appears in the December 11, 2007 issue of the journal Tobacco Control.

Smoking and chewing tobacco contribute to some 800,000 deaths in India every year. The smoking rate for Indian men is around 29%, for women, approximately 3%. The rate of tobacco chewing is around 29% for men, 12% for women. Although rates of tobacco use are low among women, early indications are that these levels are on the rise. While the harmful effects of tobacco use are well-documented, there has been little research looking at the stressors associated with tobacco use among Indians.

One of those stressors, or risk factors, is domestic violence, a serious problem in India. Some 40% of Indian women report being slapped, kicked, hit or beaten during their marriages. Smaller studies in the U.S. have also found an association between domestic violence and smoking. Researchers hypothesize that smoking may act as a stress reliever in households that experience domestic violence. In fact, Indians who smoke or chew tobacco cite stress relief as one of the reasons they begin using and continue to use tobacco.

To see if there was a link between domestic violence and tobacco use in India, the researchers, led by lead author Leland Ackerson, a research fellow, and senior author S. V. Subramanian, associate professor in the Department of Society, Human Development and Health, used data from the National Family Health Survey, a representative cross-sectional survey administered in India during 1998-1999. The samples included 89,092 women and 278,977 family members aged 15 and older.

The researchers found that, for women who had ever been married, 19% reported incidents of abuse; 85% of abused women reported abuse by their husbands. The study found that women who reported past and current abuse had 20%-40% increased odds of tobacco use compared with women reporting no abuse, even after controlling for factors such as income and education level. Another finding was that smoking risk increased for any adult in households where domestic violence was prevalent, regardless of whether they were personally a victim, a perpetrator or neither.

This is the first study to show a link between domestic violence and tobacco use in a developing country. It is a powerful piece of evidence that we found this same relationship in a place where poverty is endemic that had previously been shown only in wealthy nations, said Ackerson.

The study highlights yet another negative outcome of the social problem of domestic violence. This research is important in terms of both tobacco control and the campaign against domestic violence, added Subramanian. It reinforces the notion that addressing the psychological and social context is key in the fight against tobacco. Additionally, our findings provide further proof of the negative effects of domestic violence, evidence which will hopefully aid those working to address this problem.


Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Related medicine news :

1. National Domestic Violence Hotline Unveils 10-Year Blueprint to Significantly Reduce Domestic Violence in America
2. 600 Smiles Restored Thanks to the AACDCFs Give Back A Smile Program - October Marks National Domestic Violence Awareness Month
3. Domestic cat genome sequenced
4. Researchers analyze domestic violence deaths
5. National Network to End Domestic Violence Fund Introduces New Tool to Outsmart Abusers and Stalkers in Todays High-Tech World
6. Finding the right words: Provider-patient discussions can help domestic violence victims speak up
7. Victims of child maltreatment more likely to perpetrate youth violence, intimate partner violence
8. Research examines connection between substance abuse and violence
9. Curtailing School Violence: National Mental Health Experts Outline What Teachers Need to Know
10. Almost 90 percent of children reported experiencing sexual violence
11. ManHunt2 Video Game: Blasted for Linking Mental Illness to Violence; Retailers Asked Not to Sell Based on Public Health Concern
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... December 1, 2015 ... of the company’s growing product line of food safety and seafood fraud prevention ... (Oncorhynchus nerka) – allow InstantLabs to offer fast, reliable species identification for the ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 ... ... of non-traumatic limb amputations in the United States. Podiatrists are well aware that ... to adopt therapeutic behaviors) are often catastrophic contributors to diseases of the diabetic ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... Center of Excellence (BHCOE) today announced that the organization has awarded Education and ... Francisco, with a Distinguished Award. The award celebrates exceptional special needs providers that ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... Effective Post-Affiliation Integration ,” addresses a main “pain point” for merging or aligning ... results, once a deal is signed. This quick-read guidance suggests that failing ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Beverly Hills, CA (PRWEB) , ... December 01, ... ... honored by Modern Luxury’s Angeleno Magazine as a Modern Man for 2015. ... luxury lifestyle publisher in the United States. Established in 1994, Modern Luxury includes ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... and PITTSBURGH , Dec. ... announced that it expects to be the first to ... funded by international donors, TLE400 (Tenofovir Disoproxyl Fumarate 300 ... for $99 per patient, per year. Mylan partnered with ... The significantly reduced price could generate savings of tens ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Dec. 1, 2015  Six months of adjunctive metformin therapy ... 1 diabetes, according to new research from T1D Exchange ... may have a beneficial effect on measures of obesity, including ... of the Journal of the American Medical Association , ... effect of metformin on overweight and obese adolescents with type ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 2015 ... of the "2016 Europe Enteric ... Coli, Enterovirus, Rhinovirus, Rotavirus, Salmonella, Shigella, ... offering. --> ) ... "2016 Europe Enteric Disease Testing ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: