Navigation Links
Dogs recognize familiar faces from images
Date:12/18/2013

Humans have specific brain mechanisms involved in face processing, which focuses attention to faces and recognizes the identity of faces remarkably quickly and accurately. So far the specialized skill for recognizing facial features holistically has been assumed to be a quality that only humans and possibly primates possess. Although it's well known, that faces and eye contact play an important role in the communication between dogs and humans, this was the first study, where facial recognition of dogs was investigated with eye movement tracking.

Main focus on spontaneous behavior of dogs

Typically animals' ability to discriminate different individuals has been studied by training the animals to discriminate photographs of familiar and strange individuals. The researchers, led by Professor Outi Vainio at the University of Helsinki, tested dogs' spontaneous behavior towards images if the dogs are not trained to recognize faces are they able to see faces in the images and do they naturally look at familiar and strange faces differently?

"Dogs were trained to lie still during the image presentation and to perform the task independently. Dogs seemed to experience the task rewarding, because they were very eager to participate" says professor Vainio. Dogs' eye movements were measured while they watched facial images of familiar humans and dogs (e.g. dog's owner and another dog from the same family) being displayed on the computer screen. As a comparison, the dogs were shown facial images from dogs and humans that the dogs had never met.

Dogs preferred faces of familiar conspecifics

The results indicate that dogs were able to perceive faces in the images. Dogs looked at images of dogs longer than images of humans, regardless of the familiarity of the faces presented in the images. This corresponds to a previous study by Professor Vainio's research group, where it was found that dogs prefer viewing conspecific faces over human faces.

Dogs fixed their gaze more often on familiar faces and eyes rather than strange ones, i.e. dogs scanned familiar faces more thoroughly.

In addition, part of the images was presented in inverted forms i.e. upside-down. The inverted faces were presented because their physical properties correspond to normal upright facial images e.g. same colors, contrasts, shapes. It's known that the human brain process upside-down images in a different way than normal facial images. Thus far, it had not been studied how dogs gaze at inverted or familiar faces. Dogs viewed upright faces as long as inverted faces, but they gazed more at the eye area of upright faces, just like humans.


'/>"/>

Contact: Outi Vainio
outi.vainio@helsinki.fi
358-919-157-316
University of Helsinki
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Young investigators recognized for research excellence at Sao Paolo meeting
2. San Diego Physician to be Recognized at White House for Progress in Health IT
3. HCRI Recognized as Center of Innovation for Stuttering Therapy
4. Performance Mobility Recognized for Exceptional Customer Satisfaction
5. Healthcare researchers recognized at SingHealth Duke-NUS Scientific Congress 2012
6. Leading cancer specialists from Europe and beyond recognized at ESMO 2012
7. Many Heart Attacks May Go Unrecognized in Seniors
8. More Patients With Irregular Heartbeat Recognize Stroke Risk: Survey
9. Wayne State University researcher recognized by American Psychological Association
10. Sex matters: Guys recognize cars and women recognize birds best
11. New policies recognize needs of vulnerable sexual communities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Dogs recognize familiar faces from images
(Date:2/13/2016)... City, Utah (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... When an Au Pair ... Parents aren’t always sure what they are in for and they are often worried things ... more than they were hoping for. This year’s Au Pair of the Year winner’s all ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... San Antonio, TX (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... of love, as expressed in Blue SKies Buddha, the biography of Rama - Dr. ... in fact a love story, the love of a Buddhist teacher for teaching and ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Trends: , Back to the Future , Feb. 25, 2016 — 11:00 a.m. – 12:30 ... don’t learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” , An analysis of CDRH’s enforcement ... that takes time. , Take a close look at the warning letters the agency ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Coco Libre, the maker of coconut water beverages with a purpose, is ... Coco Libre will offer musicians and celebrities the company’s signature Organic Coconut Water, a ... suite, held this year at the W Hollywood Hotel, has become a pre-show “must” ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... , ... Every winter, someone is killed, injured or loses a home in ... part of the Allegheny Health Network, has partnered with Etna Volunteer Fire Department, ... Space” campaign. , “Space Heaters Need Space” aims to bring awareness to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... Feb. 12, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - Demers Ambulances announces its first delivery ... Okaloosa County Emergency Medical Services (EMS) ... and one LT2 van. Quality Emergency Vehicles in ... for the sale.  This is the latest in Demers, ongoing ... Vice President at Demers. --> Benoit LaFortune , ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ALISO VIEJO , Kalifornien, 12. Februar 2016 ... es mit der Aufnahme von Patienten für eine ... Embolisation von Aneurysmen („WEB") speziell für die Behandlung ... Laurent Spelle , MD, Leiter der Neuroradiologie an ... , Frankreich, und Hauptprüfarzt der CLARYS-Studie hat den ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... and SEOUL, South Korea , ... and Macrogen, Inc. today announced they will form ... procedures for precision medicine in cancer. The goal ... DEPArray™ digital-sorting technology with Macrogen,s high-throughput Next Generation ... under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: