Navigation Links
Does cosmetic surgery help body dysmorphic disorder?

PROVIDENCE, RI A new study finds that while many who suffer from body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) seek cosmetic procedures, only two percent of procedures actually reduced the severity of BDD. Despite this poor long-term outcome, physicians continue to provide requested surgeries to people suffering from BDD. The study was recently published in Annals of Plastic Surgery.

Katharine A. Phillips, MD, is the director of the body image program at Rhode Island Hospital and a co-author of the paper. Phillips says, "BDD is a psychiatric disorder characterized by preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance which causes clinically significant distress or functional impairment. A majority of these individuals believe they have an actual deformity that can be corrected by cosmetic treatments to fix these perceived defects rather than seeking psychiatric intervention."

Phillips and her co-author, Canice Crerand, PhD, of The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, reported in previous studies that BDD appears relatively common among individuals who receive cosmetic surgery, with reported rates of 7 to 8 percent in cosmetic surgery patients in the United States. Even with the high frequency of those with BDD seeking and receiving cosmetic procedures, few studies have more specifically investigated the clinical outcomes of surgical and minimally invasive cosmetic treatments, such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and injectable fillers).

In their new study, the researchers report that in a small retrospective study of 200 individuals with BDD, 31 percent sought and 21 percent received surgical or minimally invasive treatment for BDD symptoms. Nearly all of these individuals continued to have BDD symptoms, and some actually developed new appearance preoccupations. They also note that in a survey of 265 cosmetic surgeons, 178 (65 percent) reported treating patients with BDD, yet only one percent of the cases resulted in BDD symptom improvement. Phillips, who is also a professor of psychiatry and human behavior at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, says, "These findings, coupled with reports of lawsuits and occasionally violence perpetrated by persons with BDD towards physicians, have led some to believe that BDD is a contraindication for cosmetic treatment."

The researchers found that the most common surgical procedures sought were rhinoplasty and breast augmentation, while the most common minimally invasive treatments were collagen injections and microdermabrasion. Three quarters of all the requested procedures involved facial features. The findings also indicate that more than a third of patients received multiple procedures.

In terms of long-term outcomes from procedures, only 25 percent of the patients showed an improvement in their appraisal of the treated body part and showed a longer-term decreased preoccupation. However, as noted by co-author Crerand, "Only two percent of surgical or minimally invasive procedures led to longer-term improvement in overall BDD symptoms."

The researchers also found that when treatment was sought, 20 percent of the procedures were not received. Cost was the most common reason for not receiving the requested procedure (30 percent), followed by physician refusal to perform the procedure (26 percent).Their findings also indicate that physicians were significantly less likely to refuse a surgical or minimally invasive treatment than other procedures (dermatological, dental and others). Phillips says, "This suggests that many surgeons were not aware of the patient's BDD or do not consider BDD a contraindication to treatment. In a survey of 265 cosmetic surgeons, only 30 percent believed that BDD was always a contraindication to surgery."

The researchers conclude, "This study provides new and more detailed information about receipt and outcome of surgical/minimally invasive procedures, and the findings indicate that there is a clear need to further investigate this topic in prospective studies. In the meantime, physicians need to be aware that psychiatric treatments for BDD such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors and cognitive behavioral therapy appear to be effective for what can be a debilitating disorder."


Contact: Nancy Cawley Jean

Related medicine news :

1. Is a Tummy Tuck Right for Me? Alabama Plastic Surgeon Dr. David Durst Offers Tips as the Popularity of Surgical Cosmetic Enhancement Continues to Rise
2. "New Cosmetic Surgery" Journalism Prize
3. New Online Store Makes Buying Cosmetics a Healthy Choice
4. The Future of Cosmetic Dermatology: Leading Dermatologist Dr. David Goldberg Discusses the Latest Facial Rejuvenation Techniques
5. BioCosmetic Center Utilizes FDA Approved Fractional Laser Treatment for Stretch Marks
6. Los Angeles Hair Transplant Cosmetic Surgeon Corrects Bad Hair Transplants With New Hair Restoration Method
7. Chateau Amber Retreat Provides Specialized Post-Cosmetic Surgery Care in Palm Springs Luxury
8. Top Dentist in Laguna Niguel, Dr. Todd Snyder of Aesthetic Dental Designs, to Provide Six Month Smiles Cosmetic Braces
9. Indianapolis Cosmetic Dentist Utilizes New State-of-the-Art Dental Technology for Better Patient Experiences
10. Austin Cosmetic Dentist Dr. Michael McCarty Co-Sponsors Capital Area Dental Foundation Gala
11. Medical Ultrasound Now Used in New, Non-surgical Cosmetic Procedure
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Does cosmetic surgery help body dysmorphic disorder?
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th ... Park in Milford, NJ. This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, ... The fun run is geared towards children of all ages; it is a non-competitive, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Coveros, ... Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid ... to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a consistent and high ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... WILMINGTON, Del. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... technology and advisory services for healthcare compliance program management, will showcase a range ... and National Association for Assisted Living (NCAL) Convention and Expo to be held ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Wis. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... standard products to meet the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. ... of probiotic experts and tested to meet the highest standard. , These ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... leader in post-acute health care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture ... , AccentCare has been operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/23/2017)... , Sept. 22, 2017 Janssen Biotech, Inc. ... response letter from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ... of sirukumab for the treatment of moderately to severely ... additional clinical data are needed to further evaluate the ... severely active RA. ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... HistoSonics, Inc., a venture-backed medical device company developing a non-invasive, robotically assisted, platform therapy that ... developments today:   ... ... Tom Tefft ... Veteran medical device executive Josh Stopek , PhD, who has led R&D and ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... R.I. , Sept. 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... the fields of bioinformatics and immune engineering, ... a protective avian influenza A (H7N9) vaccine. ... distantly related to seasonal influenza and presents ... rely on prior exposure to be effective. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: