Navigation Links
Doctors, economist, write prescription for protecting people from themselves
Date:11/27/2007

he authors explain that this is an example of a present-biased preference: the tendency of individuals to place disproportionately greater weight on the costs and benefits of their choices in the present than in the future. The cost of giving up food one enjoys is immediate, while the benefits are realized in the future. Without a mechanism to enforce self-control, a persons resolve often fails.

Another common decision-making bias is the tendency to favor the status quo or default option. This bias explains, for example, why the organ donation rate in the United States is so much lower than in France, where almost everyone is an organ donor: In the United States, a person must sign-up to be an organ donor, but in France, a person is automatically registered as a donor unless they choose to opt out.

These biases can be exploited by making the healthiest choice the one that follows the path of least resistance. For example, fast food restaurants that now offer soda as the default choice with a combo meal can instead make a bottle of water the default option, with soda being a substitution available only on request. A cafeteria line could be arranged so that the healthiest foods appear first, with unhealthy foods requiring the most effort to select. Employers can provide chilled bottles of water within easy access of workers, while placing soda machines in out-of-the-way locations. Vending machines could be installed in workplaces with access codes that an individual must activate to buy snacks or soda on the following day. Present-biased preferences, meanwhile, can be utilized by providing patients with up-front rewards for healthier behavior. Such incentive-based approaches have been found to be effective in areas such as smoking cessation and even abstinence from drugs such as cocaine.

Weve only scratched the surface of potential applications. The possibilities for using decision errors to improve health behaviors and thereby improving the
'/>"/>

Contact: Jonathan Potts
jpotts@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Susan G. Komen for the Cure and Norris Cotton Cancer Center Bring Together 2008 Presidential Spouses, Doctors, Researchers and Advocates at Leadership Summit on Breast Cancer
2. Cleveland Clinic Press Releases Journal-Writing Book Write for Life: Healing Body, Mind, and Spirit Through Journal Writing by Sheppard B. Kominars, Ph.D.
3. Inspiring Authors Tell Inspirational Stories: Special Writers Find Accepting Home at Lulu.com
4. Platinum Underwriters Holdings, Ltd. to Report Third Quarter 2007 Results on October 23, 2007
5. Hooper Holmes to Exhibit at the 2007 Sixth Annual Association of Home Office Underwriters Conference
6. Pharmassets Underwriters Release Shares from Lock-Up
7. Actress, Singer, Songwriter Miley Cyrus, Also Known as Hannah Montana, Adds St. Jude Math-A-Thon(R) Video Host to Her Talents
8. Darwin Professional Underwriters, Inc. Reports Record Net Income of $8.4 Million for the Third Quarter
9. Specialty Underwriters Alliance to Present at 2007 FBR Capital Markets Investor Conference
10. FDA Updates Prescription Guidelines for Blood Thinner
11. University of Texas Study Details Lengthy Payment Delays for Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Claims, Confirming Need for Legislative Fix
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/22/2014)... Losing Weight Your Body’s Way , In a world ... face, it certainly can be difficult to choose the right ... favor by doing it the healthy way? Set aside the ... your body, exercise regularly, and choose foods with the most ... you need to exercise more and eat less. Despite the ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Lintelus, Inc., an event ... President of Sales, will be speaking on the subject ... Expo on October 28, at the Holiday Inn in ... booth as well as a Tech Demo at 12:45pm, ... create a more engaging event experience. , The Annual ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Akeso Biomedical, Inc. , a privately held ... infections, microbial biofilms, and chronic wounds, announced that Dr. ... , Dr. Sinskey is a Professor ... of Technology, or MIT. He has been a member ... holds positions as Co-Director of the Malaysia-MIT Biotechnology Partnership ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Maureen Salamon HealthDay Reporter , ... in vitro fertilization (IVF) are only about half as likely ... reproduction technique, new research indicates, and the racial disparity persists ... about 31 percent of white patients became pregnant after IVF, ... more than 4,000 IVF cycles over two years to tease ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... HealthDay Reporter , TUESDAY, Oct. 21, ... may lead to increased blood pressure, according to a new ... in blood pressure for young adult women or for teenagers, ... drank lightly or moderately, their risk of high blood pressure ... parallels studies in older adult men and women," said lead ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:ReductionGuruMD Presents Ways to Improve Your Weight Loss Results 2Health News:Jay Cormier, Sr. Vice President of Sales for Lintelus, Speaks about Event Technology Integration at Meetings Technology Expo in NYC 2Health News:Akeso Biomedical Appoints Dr. Anthony J. Sinskey to Board of Directors 2Health News:Black Women Fare Worse With Fertility Treatments, Study Says 2Health News:Black Women Fare Worse With Fertility Treatments, Study Says 3Health News:Binge Drinking May Boost Blood Pressure in Young Men 2Health News:Binge Drinking May Boost Blood Pressure in Young Men 3Health News:Binge Drinking May Boost Blood Pressure in Young Men 4
... of abuse by intimate partners have significantly higher health ... of such abuse, according to a study conducted at ... higher costs and utilization continued long after the abuse ... of Washington (UW), and the Harborview Injury Prevention and ...
... how some passengers describe it.// , They ... were infected with a stomach flu-causing bug; norovirus aboard the ... This virus causes a contagious gastric illness, gastroenteritis that leaves ... , The liner’s owner Cunard Line notified the ...
... that neurologists believe will help in the management of epilepsy. ... New York carried out a study that showed that some ... occur. The findings were published in Neurology, the scientific journal ... Haut. ,Haut's team studied 71 adult patients ...
... and Forests has called for an action plan and ... National Workshop// on ‘Human - Leopard Conflict Management’ here ... need to have a re-look at our existing strategies ... one of the challenging issues facing wildlife managers in ...
... Parliament's health committee is all set to tighten the ... ,Three days of public hearing starting on Jan 23, ... organizations will make submissions before the committee. ... and the sponsorship of sports and other popular events ...
... (VBI) Assistant Professor Biswarup Mukhopadhyay has provided important ... diabetics in the// December 22, 2006, Journal of ... time help researchers to identify potential targets for ... fully eliminate, the body's overproduction of glucose. ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Health Care Costs - Significant for Abused Women 2Health News:When Epilepsy Patients Play Soothsayers 2Health News:VBI Provides Potential Targets to Diabetes Therapeutics 2
(Date:10/22/2014)...  CryoLife, Inc. (NYSE: CRY ), a ... cardiac and vascular surgery, announced today that James ... has been elected to the Company,s Board of Directors, ... Anderson , Executive Chairman of CryoLife, stated, "Since joining the ... excellent leader who is well positioned to maximize CryoLife,s ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 21, 2014  Early symptoms ... subtle or unnoticed, but new technology, coupled with ... and leading to earlier detection of eye diseases, ... 29 million Americans. If left untreated, these diseases ... blindness. Recently, optometric researchers have ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Mass. , Oct. 22, 2014 InVivo ... Cambridge, MA is revolutionizing spinal cord injury ... has been shown to outperform in tissue regrowth in ... the scaffold.  Made from an FDA approved polymer, the ... making it harmless to the human body. NVIV has ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Pat Mackin Joins CryoLife Board of Directors 2Pat Mackin Joins CryoLife Board of Directors 3Technology Advancements Enhance Early Detection of Eye Diseases Associated with Diabetes 2Technology Advancements Enhance Early Detection of Eye Diseases Associated with Diabetes 3InVivo Therapeutics Analyst Coverage Initiated: Analyst Report by BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 2InVivo Therapeutics Analyst Coverage Initiated: Analyst Report by BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 3
... approved Makena (hydroxyprogesterone caproate) in February 2011 for the ... women who have had at least one prior preterm ... version of the active ingredient of Makena has been ... a pharmacist who compounded the drug.  In March 2011, ...
... Covance Inc. (NYSE: CVD ) today announced ... on Thursday, November 10, 2011 at 3:00 p.m. (ET).  Investors ... www.covance.com .  In order to register and download any necessary ... with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the ...
Cached Medicine Technology:FDA Statement on Makena 2Covance to Present at Credit Suisse 2011 Healthcare Conference 2
... Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and ... and development. ARUP offers an extensive test ... tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned ... clients include more than half of the ...
... reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in ... an extensive test menu of highly complex ... anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of ... half of the nation's university teaching hospitals ...
... reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in ... an extensive test menu of highly complex ... anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of ... half of the nation's university teaching hospitals ...
... a national reference laboratory and a worldwide ... ARUP offers an extensive test menu of ... clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the ... more than half of the nation's university ...
Medicine Products: