Navigation Links
Do toddlers pick up gender roles during play?
Date:6/10/2010

The differences in mothers' and fathers' interactions with their children, particularly in play situations, may influence toddlers' associations of specific behaviors with male and female genders. According to Eric Lindsey from Penn State Berks in the US, and his colleagues, context, gender of the parent and gender of the child combine in a complex pattern to shape parent-child interaction. Their findings1 are published online in Springer's journal Sex Roles.

The authors looked at how a situation involving caring for the physical and emotional needs of a child here, sharing a snack is likely to produce very different types of verbal interaction from both parent and child compared to a play situation. Lindsey and team used data from 80 families recruited from two small cities in Kansas, as part of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care. Parents and their children were videotaped during a 15-minute parent-child play session and a 10-minute parent-child snack (the caregiving session). The researchers looked at differences in the way play and caregiving were initiated verbally, and how the participants responded - also verbally - to this initiation, for mother-son, mother-daughter, father-son and father-daughter combinations.

They found that the quality of verbal interactions between parents and their toddlers was dependent on the context. In the snack situation, the focus of the interaction was on parent authority and management of the child's behavior i.e. it was a parent-centered context. In contrast, the play context was much more child-centered with more equal interactions between parents and their toddlers.

When it came to comparing boys' and girls' verbal communication behaviors, the authors found very little difference between the two sexes. Children seemed to pick up cues and adapt their behavior according to the situation, irrespective of their gender. In play situations, the children were more involved in determining the direction of the interaction whereas they accepted that parents were in charge during the snack situation.

Perhaps most significantly, mothers' and fathers' behaviors differed more in the play context than in the snack context. During play, fathers were more assertive whereas mothers displayed more facilitative and cooperative behaviors; in the caregiving situation their behaviors were much more similar. The authors suggest that children may pick up on these different behaviors and associate them with gender roles in the family i.e. males are more assertive whereas females are more compliant and flexible.

The authors conclude: "It would appear that children in the same family have different experiences in their play interactions with their mothers and fathers. Such differences may teach children indirect lessons about gender roles and reinforced gender typed patterns of behavior that they then carry into contexts outside of the family."


'/>"/>

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Music therapy can assist toddlers communication rehabilitation process
2. Fatal Choking a Real Risk Among Toddlers
3. Swimming Lessons OK for Toddlers, Experts Say
4. Study finds gender gap persists in cardiac care
5. Beating Heart Differs by Gender, Age: Study
6. Anti-Drinking Ads That Engender Guilt May Not Work
7. New Gender-Neutral Flex-Friendly Certification Makes the Business Case for Flex Even in a Tough Economy.
8. Gender Gaps Persist in Pay at Academic Medical Centers
9. New UCSF Studies Reveal that Age-Related Nerve Decline is Associated with Inflammation and Differs by Gender
10. Even 9-Month-Olds Choose Gender-Specific Toys
11. Myth Debunked: Baby Shower Gifts CAN Be Personalized Without Knowing Name Or Gender
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... AvePoint , the Microsoft Cloud expert, is ... Richmond, Virginia, located at the Riverfront Plaza, 901 East Byrd Street. AvePoint is celebrating ... Ralph S. Northam and Mayor of Richmond Levar M. Stoney. , Founded in 2001, ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... Tuesday, March 28, 2017, ... public to take the Diabetes Risk Test to find out if they are at ... World Airports will light up the evening sky by programming the LAX pylons the ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... its award-winning team. Ruel Williamson brings his extensive knowledge of appraisals, property values, ... leader in the real estate valuation industry for more than 40 years. , ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... ... thyroid pharmacist Dr. Isabella Wentz, Pharm.D., FASCP. The program was recently launched on ... answering common questions regarding thyroid function. , Dr. Izabella Wentz is a ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Medforce Technologies, Inc., a leading provider ... has joined the National Association for Home Care and Hospice (NAHC), the largest ... dying Americans of all ages and the caregiver who provide them with in-home ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017 On March 28, the U.S. ... adult patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) ... first drug approved by the FDA for PPMS. Ocrevus ... professional.  "Multiple sclerosis can have a ... Dunn , M.D., director of the Division of Neurology ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... March 29, 2017 FinancialBuzz.com News Commentary  ... The U.S. could see ... a new report published by New Frontier Data, the legal cannabis ... pace of cannabis legalization in the United States ... considered to be a major factor that drives growth in this ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... YORK , March 28, 2017 "Chemotherapy Induced Neutropenia ... overview of the disease and global market trends of the Chemotherapy ... States , Europe ( France ... , Spain , UK) and Japan ... (RoE) and rest of the world (RoW). The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: