Navigation Links
Discovery of 'sugar sensor' in intestine could benefit diabetes

Diabetes patients could benefit from new research at the University of Liverpool that has identified a molecule in the intestine that can taste the sugar content of the diet.

Researchers found that the sweet taste receptor that senses sugar and artificial sweeteners is not only present in the tongue, but also in the intestine. The discovery will open new avenues for the treatment of diabetes and obesity, as well as suggest reasons for why artificially sweetened foods and beverages sometimes fail to result in weight loss.

Scientists have previously shown that the absorption of dietary sugars in the intestine is mediated by a protein a sugar transporter that varies in response to the sugar content of foods. The intestine uses a glucose sensing system to monitor these variations, but until now the nature of this system was unknown.

Professor Soraya Shirazi-Beechey, from the Faculty of Veterinary Science, said: We found that the sweet taste receptor and the taste protein, gustducin, are present in the taste cells of the gut. These sweet sensing proteins allow humans and animals to detect glucose within the intestine. We discovered that mice missing the gene for either of these proteins were unable to process the production of the intestinal sugar and were therefore unable to regulate the intestinal capacity to absorb dietary sugars.

Surprisingly we also found that the receptor was able to detect artificial sweeteners in foods and drinks resulting in increased capacity of the intestine to absorb dietary sugars, which would explain why these sweeteners are unsuccessful at helping people lose weight.

We are now researching mechanisms in which these receptors can be adjusted to benefit those with diet-related disorders. Diabetes for example, is where the bodys blood sugar level is higher than normal; if we could use the taste receptor like a dimmer switch we could set it so that the appropriate amount of sugar is absorbed in the body.

From a veterinary perspective, the discovery could also have implications for race horses. Horses need high levels of glucose to sustain them in long races; activating the receptor through dietary supplements, before and during the race, will increase intestinal absorption of glucose.


Contact: Samantha Martin
University of Liverpool

Related medicine news :

1. Discovery of bone gene
2. Latest discovery on Autism
3. Bacterial discovery may help CF patients
4. A new discovery about Acetaminophen
5. A new discovery about Acetaminophen
6. Resistant tumors could be treated with the discovery of a new molecule within cancer cells
7. Treatment for cholesterol-related illnesses likely with the discovery of receptor in mice
8. Ways to counter radiation effects with new molecule discovery
9. Canada stunned as mad cow discovery leads to beef ban
10. Mouth Infection better handled with new discovery
11. New discovery made about the Nipah Virus
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Finnleo, a leader in the traditional and far-infrared sauna industry, ... far-infrared saunas. , For traditional saunas, Finnleo is offering 20% off ... and Finnleo uses only European Grade A Nordic White Spruce from sustainably grown trees. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Nairobi (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... African Union Commission (AUC), European Union (EU), ANDI Pan African Centres of Excellence, ... Nations Office in Nairobi (UNON) for the opening of the 5th African Network ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Lakeview Health, a Jacksonville-based ... celebrate their sobriety and show through pictures what a positive difference it makes. ... Thanksgiving with the hashtag #FacesOfGratitude on their Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram accounts. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Lake, IL (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... to announce a recent successful appellate decision obtained by Attorneys Francisco J. Botto and ... case Adcock v. Illinois Workers’ Compensation Comm’n, 2015 IL App (2d) 130884WC. , According ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... Beddit® has ... Beddit Classic sleep tracking systems. The new app features a more intuitive SleepScore™ that ... understand how well you slept. The SleepScore is created by a proprietary algorithm. Beddit ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... DUBLIN , Nov. 25, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the "Global ... to their offering. --> ... "Global Brain Monitoring Devices Market 2015-2019" ... Research and Markets ( ) ...
(Date:11/25/2015)...  The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American ... March of Dimes cheered today,s signature into law ... of 2015 (S.799), which takes much-needed strides ... to drugs, such as opioids, and to improve ... organizations have worked together leading advocacy efforts for ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Nov. 25, 2015 On Tuesday, November ... bellwether trial against Wright Medical Technology, Inc. for ... Conserve metal-on-metal hip implant device, awarded $11 million ... two week trial and three days of deliberations, ... device was defectively designed and unreasonably dangerous, and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: