Navigation Links
Discovery of new signal pathway important to diabetes research
Date:6/4/2008

[PRESS RELEASE, 4 June 2008] Scientists at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Miami University have discovered that cells in the pancreas cooperate signal in a way hitherto unknown. The discovery can eventually be of significance to the treatment of diabetes.

The aim of the project was to find out how the healthy body regulates glucose concentrations in the blood. Scientists have known for a long time that glucose is regulated with the help of hormones in the pancreas, which is to say that pancreatic beta cells produce insulin, which reduces sugar levels, and that alpha cells produce glucagon, which boosts them. This glucose balance must be kept within a very narrow interval, and we need both insulin and glucagon to remain in good health.

"A person with low blood sugar levels feels poorly and faint; a person with excessively high blood sugar levels gets diabetes," says Per-Olof Berggren, professor of experimental endocrinology at Karolinska Institutet and the leader of this study.

Much more is known about insulin secretion than glucagon secretion, and so Professor Berggren's team focused on the latter. They discovered that alpha cells also secreted glutamate, which facilitates glucagon release and makes it more efficient.

The scientists are working on the hypothesis that when glucose levels are raised in a healthy person, the beta cells become active and start to release insulin, which reduces sugar concentrations in the blood, upon which the alpha cells then start to secrete glucagon and glutamate. In this context, glutamate acts as a positive signal that tells the alpha cells that it is time to accelerate the production of glucagon to prevent glucose levels from falling too low.

"It's this signal pathway that is our discovery," says Professor Berggren. "This interaction between beta cells and alpha cells is crucial for normal blood sugar regulation."

The discovery also means that when the beta cells fail to produce insulin properly, as is the case in diabetes, the alpha cells' signal path is also blocked, which upsets the glucose balance even more. The team hope that their discovery of the signal pathway will eventually give new impetus to clinical diabetes research.

"Maybe we'll be able to achieve better blood sugar regulation in diabetes patients if we target more the glucagon/glutamate rather than just the insulin", says Professor Berggren.


'/>"/>

Contact: Katarina Sternudd
katarina.sternudd@ki.se
46-852-483-895
Karolinska Institutet
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Discovery of sugar sensor in intestine could benefit diabetes
2. Discovery suggests location of genes for breast density, a strong risk factor for breast cancer
3. Stem cell research produces a key discovery for Fragile X Syndrome
4. Welch Foundation gives $1.6 million for drug discovery research
5. New discovery leaves blood-doping athletes scratching their heads
6. Chemical Diversity Initiates International Prostrate Cancer Discovery Partnership
7. New discovery leaves blood-doping athletes scratching their heads
8. Discovery of widespread tumor growth gene holds promise for effective anti-cancer treatment
9. Discovery supports theory of Alzheimers disease as form of diabetes
10. Discovery Health CME Explores the Benefits and Risks of Aspirin in Aspirin Therapy: Maximizing the Benefits
11. New discovery may improve treatment of one of the worlds leading causes of blindness
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... “Finding Christ Through Social Media: Year ... chronicling the writer’s path toward true communion with God. “Finding Christ Through Social ... the creation of published author Lea Michelle Johnson, a follower of Christ, wife ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “The Adventures of Joey, The Dog ... dog who lives his life to the fullest, as God intended. “The Adventures of ... Holmgren, a mother and grandmother pursuing her passion for writing, especially about truth and ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Demonstrating their ... 16 more public health departments have been awarded national accreditation through the ... people into the expanding network of communities across the nation whose health departments ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... , ... The MBI “Hall of Fame” recognizes the contributions of those whose careers are or ... the careers of all others involved. , On Monday, March 21st, 2017 Laurie ... of Fame. The induction took place during the World of Modular – Award Gala ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Benefits delivery trailblazer, ... mobile app and centralized benefits dashboard solving one of the top frustrations in ... locations. For the first time, employees can access up-to-date information and account balances ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... March 23, 2017  HealthMine surveys with 9,250 insured ... that health plan members want help from their plans ... engaged in their health, 2) help closing gaps in ... for health and 5) relevant, real-time guidance. Meeting these ... healthcare costs. A Reason to ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... report to their offering. ... The Global Cryostat Market is poised to grow ... reach approximately $3.5 billion by 2025. This industry report ... on global as well as regional levels presented in the research ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... LONDON , March 23, 2017 ... comprehensive research report created through extensive primary research ... research, the report aims to present the analysis ... basis of Procedure (Replacement and Repair); Replacement Procedure ... (TAVR)), Repair By Technique (Surgical Devices, Balloon Valvuloplasty, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: