Navigation Links
Discovery of a new mechanism of gene control that is associated with cancer
Date:6/17/2011

This release is available in Spanish.

Researchers headed by Joan Massagu at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) in New York and by Mara Macas at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) have identified a complex mechanism by which some proteins that are essential for life, called Smads, regulate the activity of genes associated with cancer. The fruit of three years of intense work, the study reports on the life cycle of this protein, a process that ensures that the protein is destroyed when it has completed its function. These results have been published today in the top journal Genes & Development, which has devoted its cover to this research.

In the TGF-beta/Smad signal cascade, the hormones TGF-beta and BMP transmit information to the Smad protein in the cell nucleus in order for this molecule to stop cell division and to ensure that tissues grow in an orderly and coordinated manner. Although the TGF-beta/Smad signalling pathway has been known for over twenty years, until now it was unclear how Smads temporally controlled the activity of such important genes. "We had several pieces of the puzzle but we couldn't put them together", says Macas.

A number of earlier studies performed by Massagu's lab had identified that Smads undergo phosphorylations a kind of chemical change in a region of the protein about which little is known. By means of biophysical and biochemical approaches, the researchers have discovered that these modifications occur in a coordinated fashion over time and are not random. "First, phosphorylations make some proteins bind to Smads in order to control the activity of target genes and later other phoshorylations cause protein bindings that lead to the destruction of Smad once this protein has completed its mission. This is the way cells prevent fatal errors", explains Macas.

Having established the time sequence of these events, the scientists used cell and structural biology approaches determination of the atom position in Smad proteins and other activating and destructor proteins bound to them to confirm the results previously found. "We have been able to decipher the specificity of the binding between Smad and other proteins and to reveal the secret code that these proteins use to extract information".

How do these proteins favour tumour cells? Massagu explains that "these signalling cascades are like the body's plice force. The tumour cells, in other words the delinquents, disturb these pathways and use them for their own means to grow and spread". These pathways normally are involved in basic cell processes but when altered by mutations several diseases can appear such as cancer, congenital conditions, chronic inflammation and emphysema. These results could serve as the foundation on which to develop new clinical treatments against cancer and other diseases.


'/>"/>

Contact: Nuria Noriega
nuria.noriega@irbbarcelona.org
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Anti-cancer drug discovery partnership formed between UMMC and Ole Miss
2. Discovery of Lung Stem Cells May Herald New Treatments
3. Discovery could change the way doctors treat patients with cancer and autoimmune diseases
4. Discovery of relationship between proteins may impact development of cancer therapies
5. Discovery of 2 new genes provides hope for stemming Staph infections
6. New discovery proves cause of weight problems in Huntingtons disease
7. A safer, more effective morphine may be possible with Indiana University discovery
8. Discovery in liver cancer cells provides new target for drugs
9. Finding of long-sought drug target structure may expedite drug discovery
10. New laser technique opens doors for drug discovery
11. LRI awards wide-ranging research grants to drive next generation of scientific discovery in lupus
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Dr. ... New York, has recently begun offering three new minimally invasive procedures to patients ... procedures and reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is excited to bring microneedling, microneedling facials, ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Goodcents Deli Fresh Subs today announced the opening ... 4210 SW 21st St. Topeka, Kan. 66604 (near 21st and Gage). It is owned ... owns three other locations in the Topeka and Bonner Springs, Kan. area. , ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... Breast Cancer Conference from Sept. 18 to 20. , The two-day conference is ... subtype with the goal of improving patients’ lives and eliminating racial breast cancer-related ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... PureLife Dental is pleased to announce ... for CDA members. As part of the amalgam separator endorsement, all CDA members may ... than $400 off the retail value. This partnership between PureLife and CDA is especially ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Ulster University, Magee Campus ... from 9 am to 3 pm to present to graduate students exciting new and ... an original curriculum project led by The Health Improvement Service of the Western Health ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/5/2017)... The Cincinnati location of ... (NYSE: DPLO), has been awarded a Top Workplaces 2017 ... Results are based on an employee survey administered by WorkplaceDynamics, ... improvement. The survey measures several aspects of workplace culture, including ... ...
(Date:6/3/2017)... June 3, 2017  Eli Lilly and Company ... results from the Phase 3 MONARCH 2 study ... 6 inhibitor, in combination with fulvestrant, significantly improved ... alone in women with hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal ... who have relapsed or progressed after endocrine therapy ...
(Date:6/1/2017)... BELL, Pa. , June 1, 2017 ... (PRN) and Veterinarian Recommended Solutions (VRS), and KD Pharma ... investment in Nutriceutical Holdings by KD Pharma Group. KD ... Holdings with the option to acquire the entire company. ... partner in KD. They are committed to growing the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: