Navigation Links
Discovery could lead to anti-clotting drugs with less risk of bleeding
Date:10/28/2013

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have discovered a molecular switch that causes small, beneficial clots that stop bleeding to enlarge further during wound healing. By blocking this switch in lab mice, the researchers prevented small clots from growing -- a process that can pose a danger in humans -- while preserving their ability to staunch bleeding. Their findings, published online in Nature, open up the possibility for developing potent anti-clotting drugs that don't raise the risk of bleeding.

"Existing anti-clotting drugs significantly reduce the body's ability to form blood clots, so people on these drugs are at risk of serious bleeding," says Xiaoping Du, professor of pharmacology in the UIC College of Medicine and lead author of the paper. "By exploiting this switch we found, we can develop very powerful drugs that prevent the big clots that cause heart attacks and strokes, while preserving the body's ability to form the smaller, primary clots you need to stop bleeding."

Anti-clotting drugs, also known as blood thinners, can help prevent strokes, heart attacks, and deep vein clots. They are also prescribed to reduce the risk of dangerous clots after surgery. But the drugs also increase the risk of bleeding, and must be used with great care.

Du and colleagues investigated a protein called integrin, found in the cell membrane of platelets, the specialized blood cells that form clots to stop bleeding. Signals given off by injured or torn blood vessels activate integrin, which directs the platelets to bind to the injured blood vessel and to other platelets through a linking-protein called fibrinogen. This cross-linking results in a primary clot, good enough to stop the bleeding in most minor cuts.

The UIC researchers discovered that once fibrinogen gets involved, another molecule called G-alpha-13 latches on to integrin and causes the clot to grow much bigger -- to ensure the bleeding is stopped. Normally, the enlarged clot will shrink back. But in people prone to developing dangerous clots, or in those with narrowed arteries, the enlarged clots can lead to a heart attack or stroke.

Having found that G-alpha-13 is responsible for ramping up the clotting process, the researchers were able to develop a molecule that blocks G-alpha-13 from binding to integrin. Mice given the blocker-drug can form primary clots that stop bleeding but never enter the growth phase.

"This is exciting, because new drugs based on blocking G-alpha-13 can preserve the ability to form primary clots, which are necessary to heal wounds, but will prevent the clots from growing too large and clogging blood vessels," Du said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sharon Parmet
sparmet@uic.edu
312-413-2695
University of Illinois at Chicago
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Scientist awarded $1 million grant to develop tools for hepatitis C treatment discovery
2. Washingtons Life Sciences Discovery Fund awards commercialization grants
3. Discovery could help to develop drugs for organ transplant and cancer patients
4. Feelings of immaturity accompany alcohol misuse into adulthood; discovery could improve treatments
5. H1N1 discovery paves way for universal flu vaccine: UBC research
6. Scientists make breakthrough in bile duct cancer with discovery of new gene mutations
7. Researchers make promising discovery in pursuit of effective lymphoma treatments
8. Discovery suggests new combination therapy strategy for basal-like breast cancers
9. Discovery of Gene May Lead to New Male Contraceptive
10. 5 more pharmaceutical companies join NIH initiative to speed therapeutic discovery
11. Illnesses in Colorado childrens hospital prompts discovery of contaminated alcohol pads
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... ... LLC (“Quick”), a highly specialized asset-light logistics provider of complex transport solutions ... definitive agreement to purchase Unitrans International Corporation, a division of Roadrunner Transportation ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... As an ... an educational webinar, they will present the line of epMotion automated liquid handling ... easy you can automate everyday pipetting tasks. , Ideal for scientists and lab ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Moore Insurance, a Houston ... east Texas, is launching a regional charity effort to provide publicity assistance and ... Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation (PBTF) has raised nearly $30 million in donations that ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... The Golseth Agency, a Texas based ... area, is spearheading a regional charity campaign organized to provide support to Christina Upchurch ... of this year, Christina and her children returned from out of town to find ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Alcovit, a lime-flavored beverage that rids the ... efforts with its product now available through Jet.com. , After 25 years of ... powdered drink is designed to quickly detox the body thereby avoiding alcohol-induced hangovers. Whether ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... 15, 2017 AccuGenomics, Inc., a diagnostic company ... announced that the company has provided an AccuKit to ... Carolina at Chapel Hill and to Qura Therapeutics for ... and quantify HIV reservoir and viral expression in human ... HIV Cure Center is a joint initiative between the ...
(Date:8/8/2017)... Israel, Aug. 8, 2017  BioLineRx Ltd. (NASDAQ/TASE: BLRX), ... today reports its financial results for the second quarter ... during the second quarter 2017 and to date: ... clinical development programs for the Company,s lead project, BL-8040: ... pivotal study with BL-8040 as novel stem cell mobilization ...
(Date:8/7/2017)... 2017  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), the nation,s largest ... June 30, 2017.  All comparisons, unless otherwise noted, are to ... Second Quarter 2017 Highlights include: ... an increase of 3.5% Total prescriptions dispensed ... of 7.5% versus 7.6% Gross profit ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: