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Different methods can reduce hospital fear in children
Date:12/20/2011

le situation in which they meet an unfamiliar world and must withstand hospital stress imposed on them. 

"The children initially attempt to gain control of the situation, and then they experience that they loose this when they become dizzy, for example, from sedatives."

Using the childrens language

In order to prevent fear and anxiety about the surgery, it is important to carry out a continuous dialogue with the children, and it is important that this takes place using the children's own language. Sedatives should not be routinely given: this must be the subject of careful individual assessment.

Important to minimise stress

"The thesis concludes that Swedish perioperative healthcare functions relatively well and supports children and their parents", says Berith Wennstrm. "But it is important to minimise stress and the fear of hospital in children before the surgery, and we must view the hospital situation from a child's perspective, if we are to succeed."

The thesis "Experiences, symptoms and signs in 3-11 year-old children undergoing day surgery in the context of the perioperative dialogue" was successfully defended on 11 November 2011.

The perioperative dialogue. The PD model is based on giving the child time to reflect on the impending surgery through continuity and dialogue, and allowing the nurse anaesthetist "sufficient" time and resources to be able to support the child and the family. The model includes, for example, preparative visits to the clinic such that the child meets a familiar face on the day of the procedure. Drawings can be used to facilitate dialogue with children who are to undergo day surgery, and as a way for the children to make themselves understood and communicate questions and feelings.


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Contact: Berith Wennstrm
berith.wennstroem@telia.com
46-738-001-602
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert  

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