Navigation Links
Different methods can reduce hospital fear in children
Date:12/20/2011

Undergoing surgery can be a terrifying experience for a child. But stress and fear, and the use of pain relief after the procedure, can be reduced with simple means: drawings, continuity and dialogue. This has been shown by research at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Berith Wennstrm presents in her thesis interviews with children describing how they experienced being in hospital and undergoing surgery. The thesis also presents work in which, for example, saliva samples from 93 children aged between 5 and 11 years have been analysed, to measure the concentration of the stress hormone cortisol.

Special model

The children were assigned to one of three groups: children in the first group were taken care of in a conventional manner before the surgery, those in the second group received additional information of what was to happen on the day of the operation, and those in the third group were taken care of according to a special model known as "the perioperative dialogue" (PD).

Lower levels of stress

"The research showed than children who received care according to the PD model had lower levels of stress after the surgery and required less pain relieving morphine that children who had received conventional care", says Berith Wennstrm.

Unique experiment

The thesis presents also a unique experiment using a method based on analysing children's fear of hospital through drawings. Comparing the drawings of children in school with those in hospital allowed such features as a weak pen pressure, the use of few colours and poor use of the area on the page to be coupled with an increased anxiety in children who were to undergo day surgery.

Unpredictable situation

Interviews with children aged 6-9 years before and after day surgery are presented in the thesis. These interviews show that the children often feel compelled into an unpredictable situation in which they meet an unfamiliar world and must withstand hospital stress imposed on them. 

"The children initially attempt to gain control of the situation, and then they experience that they loose this when they become dizzy, for example, from sedatives."

Using the childrens language

In order to prevent fear and anxiety about the surgery, it is important to carry out a continuous dialogue with the children, and it is important that this takes place using the children's own language. Sedatives should not be routinely given: this must be the subject of careful individual assessment.

Important to minimise stress

"The thesis concludes that Swedish perioperative healthcare functions relatively well and supports children and their parents", says Berith Wennstrm. "But it is important to minimise stress and the fear of hospital in children before the surgery, and we must view the hospital situation from a child's perspective, if we are to succeed."

The thesis "Experiences, symptoms and signs in 3-11 year-old children undergoing day surgery in the context of the perioperative dialogue" was successfully defended on 11 November 2011.

The perioperative dialogue. The PD model is based on giving the child time to reflect on the impending surgery through continuity and dialogue, and allowing the nurse anaesthetist "sufficient" time and resources to be able to support the child and the family. The model includes, for example, preparative visits to the clinic such that the child meets a familiar face on the day of the procedure. Drawings can be used to facilitate dialogue with children who are to undergo day surgery, and as a way for the children to make themselves understood and communicate questions and feelings.


'/>"/>
Contact: Berith Wennstrm
berith.wennstroem@telia.com
46-738-001-602
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Anxiety Disorder Patients Process Emotions Differently
2. Game Ready(R) Presented with Frost & Sullivan 2010 Product Differentiation Excellence Award
3. Contrast-enhanced MRI could play a key role in differentiating between common types of arthritis
4. Farmers markets offer different strokes for different folks
5. Nouns and verbs are learned in different parts of the brain
6. Different signaling pathways of cholangiocarcinoma
7. Tahitian Noni Extra Released With 16 Different Iridoids
8. HCG True Diet Redesigns Its Website to Differentiate Its Brand from Competitors
9. Clues Found to How Different Flu Vaccines Work
10. Different strokes for married folks?
11. OTC Drugs May Work Differently in Obese Kids
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Different methods can reduce hospital fear in children
(Date:7/25/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 25, 2017 , ... ... protection assistance and finance management services to communities across North Carolina, is launching ... Advocacy Network to raise community support for the ongoing fight against bladder cancer. ...
(Date:7/25/2017)... ... July 25, 2017 , ... Facing medical needs with a newborn ... taking advantage of a new benefit for employees that is uncommon in American business: ... the company supports me and other employees as new parents. It keeps our family ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Cheerag D. Upadhyaya , M.D., M.Sc., FAANS has been ... (SLMBNI), part of Saint Luke’s Health System . Dr. Upadhyaya has served in ... M.Sc., FAANS joins Stanley P. Fisher, M.D., who has served as medical ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... effectively destroyed the construction site and threatened numerous homes and businesses nearby, causing ... article on NBCLosAngeles.com. Los Angeles Area consulting firm Fire Protection Group, Inc. ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... The Topricin Companies, formerly Topical ... Topricin’s revolutionary, natural, after-burn skin care product, Topricin After Burn Cream. ... term skin conditions, including cancer. In the short term, overexposure to sun, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/10/2017)... RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. , July 10, 2017 ... of a $5m Convertible Note to support the development ... led by Tencent Holdings Limited, a leading Chinese Internet ... Center. This funding will advance multiple infectious disease product ... Founded by Dr. ...
(Date:7/5/2017)... , July 5, 2017 Wolfmet 3D  printed ... as physics and manufacturing combine to progress molecular radiotherapy imaging. ... SPECT systems are unable to accurately quantify the radiation absorbed ... information regarding the success of this radiotherapy treatment has been ... ...
(Date:7/5/2017)... -- Pace Analytical, a company of over 2,000 employees and a leader in ... Lab Sciences, further solidifying their position as the top American owned and operated ... ... Pace Analytical ... Mt Juliet, TN , enhances Pace Analytical,s capability as an innovative ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: