Navigation Links
Diet may eliminate spasms for infants with epilepsy

Baltimore, Md. September 08, 2008 Infantile spasms are a severe and potentially devastating epilepsy condition affecting children aged typically 4-8 months. In a new study appearing in Epilepsia, researchers have found that the ketogenic diet, a high fat, low carbohydrate diet more traditionally used for intractable childhood epilepsy, is an effective treatment for this condition before using drugs. The study is the first description of the ketogenic diet as a first-line therapy for infantile spasms.

ACTH and vigabatrin, medications that are the commonly-used first treatments worldwide, can have potentially-serious side effects such as hypertension, gastric ulceration, cortical atrophy, and visual field constriction. ACTH, though it is effective in 60-70 percent of cases, also costs more than $80,000 for a one-month supply and vigabatrin is not currently available in the U.S. Both drugs have about a 30-40 percent recurrence rate of spasms as well. Other therapies are not yet proven.

"We decided to review our experience at Johns Hopkins using the ketogenic diet to treat infantile spasms before medications were tried and compare this to our use of ACTH over the same time period," says Eric Kossoff, M.D, a pediatric neurologist at Johns Hopkins Hospital and lead author of the study. "We knew that the ketogenic diet worked well for difficult-to-control infantile spasms, so we thought it would also be effective earlier."

If the diet stopped the spasms, infants were kept on it for usually 6 months. The diet worked in 8-of-13 infants within approximately one week. Only 1-of-8 had recurring spasms, and that infant was controlled again with the addition of topiramate to the diet. Side effects were fewer than ACTH in this series and the recurrence rate was also lower with the diet. In the 5 patients in which the diet did not work, ACTH was started immediately; it worked quickly in 4 of the 5 infants. ACTH did lead to a normal EEG quicker, but long-term developmental outcomes were identical.

As a result of the findings, the ketogenic diet is now one of the typically-offered first-line therapies for new-onset infantile spasms at Johns Hopkins. Other hospitals are beginning to use the ketogenic diet similarly. The researchers hope this novel use of the ketogenic diet may be the first step in finding another treatment to control new-onset infantile spasms.


Contact: Sean Wagner

Related medicine news :

1. Study shows that surgical weight loss does not eliminate obstructive sleep apnea
2. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev initiates project to eliminate intestinal worms in Ethiopia
3. Precancerous Esophagus Disease Eliminated in 98.4% of Patients Treated With HALO Ablation System
4. Ron Greenspan DDS Creates Plan to Eliminate the Barriers to Orthodontic Treatment
5. Bat Scan to the Rescue: New Clubhouse CT Scanner Helps Eliminate Exploding Bats
6. Ultra-High Pressure Processing Eliminates Salmonella in Fresh Tomatoes
7. NHMA, Office of Minority Health Unveil Findings of Summits to Eliminate Health Disparities at Conference April 17-20
8. Verathon(R) Offers Enhanced BladderScan(R) Instrument as Part of Continued Program to Eliminate Unnecessary Catheterizations, Decrease Urinary Tract Infections and Assist in Hospital Infection Control
9. Radian Guaranty Inc. Eliminates Stated Income and Stated Asset Programs
10. Deadly disease eliminated in children under 5 years of age in Uganda
11. New research from the University of Bristol aims to eliminate Streptococcus infections
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... Foundation (Meso Foundation) released information for caregivers and held two webinars on topics ... available on demand free of charge at . , With a ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Thermi™, a world ... announce that its ThermiRFR temperature controlled radiofrequency platform has received CE marking and ... platform which uses temperature as a clinical endpoint. The technology has been ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... vehicle experience this summer, ushering in a new era of publicly accessible automated ... electric shuttle, will continue to offer guests an up-close look at the shuttle ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... On Saturday, October 24th, 2015, at the Mill ... fundraising event, a 5K walk known as “Making Strides Against Breast Cancer”. Patients and ... is also located in Battle Creek, joined in for this campaign that sought to ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... During the week of ... raise funds for its research, education, support, and advocacy efforts. The campaign is ... , The Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation, which also goes by Meso Foundation, holds ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015 North America was ... grow at a CAGR of 7.6% from 2015 to 2020. ... 135.6 million in 2014, and is expected to grow at a ... to the new Market Research Report "North America Cardiac Output Monitoring ... (Hospitals, ambulatory care, others) - Analysis And Forecast To 2020", the ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... --> --> ... by Product (Soft Tissue, All Tissue, Dental Welding Lasers), Application ... Geography - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, is ... CAGR of 5.2% during the forecast period from 2015 to ... 62 Figures spread through 167 P ages and in-depth ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... MOUNTLAKE TERRACE, Wash. and ST. ... Cross and Express Scripts (NASDAQ: ESRX ) today ... benefit agreement. The partnership, which began in 1999, will ... --> --> After evaluating pharmacy ... process, Premera concluded that Express Scripts continues to offer ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: