Navigation Links
Diagnostic test shows potential to noninvasively identify significant coronary artery disease
Date:8/26/2012

CHICAGO Among patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease, use of a method that applies computational fluid dynamics to derive certain data from computed tomographic (CT) angiography demonstrated improved diagnostic accuracy vs. CT angiography alone for the diagnosis of ischemia, according to a study being published online by JAMA. The study is being released early to coincide with its presentation at the European Society of Cardiology Congress.

"Coronary computed tomographic angiography is a noninvasive anatomic test for diagnosis of coronary stenosis [narrowing of a blood vessel] that does not determine whether a stenosis causes ischemia [inadequate blood supply]. In contrast, fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a physiologic measure of coronary stenosis expressing the amount of coronary flow still attainable despite the presence of a stenosis, but it requires an invasive procedure. Noninvasive FFR computed from CT (FFRCT) is a novel method for determining the physiologic significance of coronary artery disease (CAD), but its ability to identify ischemia has not been adequately examined to date," according to background information in the article.

James K. Min, M.D., of the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Los Angeles, and colleagues conducted a study to evaluate the performance of noninvasive FFRCT compared with an invasive FFR reference standard for diagnosis of ischemia. The study included 252 patients with suspected or known CAD from 17 centers in 5 countries who underwent CT, invasive coronary angiography (ICA), FFR, and FFRCT between October 2010 and October 2011. About 77 percent of patients had experienced angina within the last month. Ischemia was defined by certain criteria. Anatomically obstructive CAD was defined by a stenosis of 50 percent or larger on CT and ICA. Among 615 study vessels, 271 had less than 30 percent stenosis and 101 had at least 90 percent stenosis.

Among study participants, 137 (54.4 percent) had an abnormal FFR as determined by ICA. The researchers found that the diagnostic accuracy for FFRCT plus CT was 73 percent, which did not meet a prespecified primary end point for accuracy (as pre-specified based on the lower limit of a calculated 95 percent confidence interval). By comparison, diagnostic accuracy of CT alone for detecting coronary lesions with stenosis of 50 percent or greater, was 64 percent. When comparing FFRCT alone with CT alone for detecting these lesions, FFRCT demonstrated superior discrimination.

"On a per-patient basis, diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of FFRCT plus CT were 73 percent, 90 percent, 54 percent, 67 percent, and 84 percent, respectively," the authors write. They note that the sensitivity and negative predictive value of FFRCT were high, indicating a low rate of false-negative studies. "These diagnostic features of FFRCT may encourage a greater sense of diagnostic certainty that patients who undergo CT who have ischemia are not overlooked, such that clinicians may be confident in not proceeding to invasive angiography in patients with stenoses on CT when FFRCT results are normal."

"Taken together, these study results suggest the potential of FFRCT as a promising noninvasive method for identification of individuals with ischemia."

(doi:10.1001/2012.jama.11274. Available pre-embargo to the media at http://media.jamanetwork.com)

Editor's Note: This study was funded by HeartFlow Inc. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, etc.

Editorial: Detecting Obstructive Coronary Disease With CT Angiography and Noninvasive Fractional Flow Reserve

In an accompanying editorial, Manesh R. Patel, M.D., of Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C., writes that future studies with the FFRCT technology "should be aimed at diagnostic strategies involving patients with varying pretest risks, thereby providing information on the incremental benefit from the test."

"Additionally, important comparison technologies beyond invasive angiography are needed, although improved access techniques and safety of invasive FFR may make it a plausible comparator. In addition to diagnostic performance, other outcomes of interest such as resource utilization and clinical outcomes should be captured. Finally, future studies will need to have local sites rather than core laboratories perform, analyze, and interpret the images to provide a sense of real-world function. It is with these types of continued rigorous studies that noninvasive technologies such as FFRCT plus CT may move the clinical community closer to the holy grail of a high-quality combined anatomic and functional test for detection of CAD that improves efficiency and patient outcomes."

(doi:10.1001/2012.jama.11383. Available pre-embargo to the media at http://media.jamanetwork.com)

Editor's Note: The author has completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sally Stewart
sally.stewart@cshs.org
310-423-4768
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Racial differences in diabetes diagnostic thresholds
2. Diagnostic imaging increases among stage IV cancer patients on Medicare
3. A new genre of diagnostic tests for the era of personalized medicine
4. AMA adopts diagnostic ultrasound utilization and education resolution
5. UGA researchers develop rapid diagnostic test for pathogens, contaminants
6. A marker in the lining of the lungs could be useful diagnostic technique for lung cancer screening
7. Screening for breast cancer without X-rays: Lasers and sound merge in promising diagnostic technique
8. Range of diagnostic spinal fluid tests needed to differentiate concurrent brain diseases
9. Diagnostic yield of colonoscopy for melena after nondiagnostic upper endoscopy is lower than previously reported
10. Autism by the numbers: Yale researchers examine impact of new diagnostic criteria
11. Diagnostic Scans Tied to Radiation Risk for Gastro Patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Dickinson Insurance ... insurance and financial preparation services, is providing an update on a charitable event ... Rock City Rescue is a locally recognized nonprofit that provides shelter and care ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... While it’s often important to take certain medications ... from Austin, Texas, has identified a solution. , She developed a prototype for MOTION ... As such, it eliminates the need to turn on a light when taking medication ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... IL (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... which established the certification process to promote standards of excellence for the field ... Symposium, scheduled for March 22 – 25, 2018 in Orlando, Florida at the ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, along with clinical associate professor Janice ... of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th Annual Women’s Health Conference. The SIU ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... CT (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... long-term care services, staged a mock evacuation of the facility as part of a ... Shelton Fire Department, Echo Hose EMS and Shelton City Emergency Manager, as well as ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/4/2017)...  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ... Urgent Care is helping communities across Massachusetts , ... offering no-cost* flu shots through the end of the month. ... regulations. ... a flu shot is by the end of October, according to the ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... PHILADELPHIA , Oct. 2, 2017 Halo Labs announces ... particle analysis system called the HORIZON at MIBio 2017 in ... analyzes subvisible and visible particulate matter in biopharmaceutical samples with unprecedented ... use of the novel technique Backgrounded Membrane Imaging. ... The HORIZON subvisible particle analysis system ...
(Date:9/27/2017)... YORK , Sept. 27, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), a ... today announced that its MyDario product is expected to appear on The ... when The Dr. Oz Show airs in your area: http://www.doctoroz.com/page/where-watch-dr-oz-show ... The nine-time Emmy award-winning, The Dr. Oz ... The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: