Navigation Links
Diagnosis of tuberculosis is increased in postpartum women

The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis is significantly increased in mothers postpartum, suggesting a potential new population to target for screening, according to a new UK-wide cohort study.

In the joint study between the Health Protection Agency and the University of East Anglia, researchers analyzed data on all women with pregnancies between 1996 and 2008 from the General Practice Research Database, which contains records from 460 practices across the UK, representing 5.5 percent of the UK population. The findings were published online ahead of print publication in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

"Ours is the first primary care based cohort study to quantify the risk of TB during pregnancy and postpartum," said Dominik Zenner, degree? consultant in public health, Respiratory Diseases Department at the Health Protection Agency. "Although we found a significantly increased risk of TB in the six months following pregnancy, but not during pregnancy, the risk during pregnancy is almost certainly also increased."

The researchers estimated incidence rates for TB in pregnancy, six months postpartum and outside of pregnancy, and modelled adjusted incidence rate ratios (IRRs) in a retrospective cohort study. They also performed a nested self-controlled case series (SCCS) analysis, adjusting for all non-time-dependent confounders, such as country of origin and ethnicity. In the SCSS analysis, pregnant women with TB were selected from the cohort, and incidence rates (IRs) in pregnancy and post-partum were compared with rates outside pregnancy.

A total of 192,801 women with a total of 264,136 pregnancies were included in the cohort study. Of 177 TB events that occurred during the study, 22 occurred during pregnancy and 22 occurred in the 180 days after pregnancy. The crude TB rate for the combined pregnancy and post-partum period was 15.4 per100,000 person years, which was significantly higher than the rate outside of pregnancy (9.1 per 100,000 person years, p=0.02). After adjustment for age, region and socio-economic status, post-partum TB risk was significantly higher than TB risk outside pregnancy (IRR 1.95, CI 1.24-3.07), whereas no significant increase during pregnancy was observed (IRR 1.29, CI 0.82-2.03).

These observations were confirmed in the SCCS analysis. Adjusting for all non-time bound confounders, the time period of observation and patients' age, the IRR of TB during pregnancy (1.03, CI 0.64-1.65) was not significantly increased compared with the risk outside of pregnancy. However, the TB risk was significantly increased in the 6 month period following pregnancy (IRR 1.61, CI 1.01-2.58, p=0.04).

The study had a few limitations, including its observational design. Administrative delay between TB diagnosis and recording of the diagnosis may have occurred. Diagnostic delays may also occur during pregnancy. Immunological changes during pregnancy gradually increase TB susceptibility and then gradually normalize after delivery. The combination of these factors may account for the failure to show a significantly increased TB risk during pregnancy in this study.

"The incidence of TB diagnosis is significantly increased post-partum, probably reflecting an increase in TB incidence during pregnancy," concluded Dr. Zenner. "Given our results, targeted screening of pregnant and post-partum women in high-risk groups may be warranted, given that delays in treatment initiation are associated with poorer outcomes for both mothers and their children."

Contact: Nathaniel Dunford
American Thoracic Society

Related medicine news :

1. Family Tree May Affect Diagnosis Age in Some Breast Cancers
2. Mayo Clinic research improves diagnosis and potential treatment of neuromyelitis optica
3. Mistaken identity: New report highlights the global impact of medical misdiagnosis
4. Where a Child Is Tested May Affect Autism Diagnosis
5. Precise early diagnosis of psychotic disorders possible
6. Neurologists identify potential biomarker of cognitive decline for earlier diagnosis of disease
7. Computer-based tool to improve diagnosis and prognosis for cancer patients
8. Steps being taken towards achieving an early diagnosis of cancer of the large intestine
9. AAP expands ages for diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in children
10. Terry Fox Research Institute aims to change diagnosis and management of ovarian cancer worldwide
11. Advances in brain imaging can expedite research and diagnosis in Alzheimers disease
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... patient payment industry today announced its strategic partnership with Connance, a healthcare ... , The two companies’ proven, proprietary technology combine to provide health systems, ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, a Media Slicing ... their videos a whole new perspective by using the title layers in ProSlice ... , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose from. FCPX ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now ... and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings ... The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin Johnson has dedicated his ... implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his patients. The procedure is ... to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic surgeons use to help ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an effort to ... treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a pain management ... (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause episodes of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... , June 27, 2016  VMS Rehab Systems, ... Board will take whatever measures required to build a ... stock which is currently listed on the OTC Markets-pink ... Company Chairman and CEO, "We are seeing an anomaly ... to understand, not only by the Company, but shareholders ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016  Global Blood Therapeutics, Inc. (GBT) (NASDAQ: ... novel therapeutics for the treatment of grievous blood-based ... closing of its previously announced underwritten public offering ... public offering price of $18.75 per share. All ... by GBT. GBT estimates net proceeds from the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 The Academy ... of recommendations that would allow biopharmaceutical companies ... with entities that make formulary and coverage decisions, a ... "value" of new medicines. The recommendations address ... not appear on the drug label, a prohibition that ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: