Navigation Links
Diabetes Prevention: Start Small, Experts Say
Date:11/16/2012

By Margaret Steele
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes robs people of their lives -- their vision, their mobility, even their limbs -- if it is not controlled, yet the real tragedy of this modern-day scourge is that its most common form, type 2, is largely preventable.

Type 2 diabetes, typically caused by poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle, often leads to blindness, heart and kidney disease, nerve damage, and even amputations.

Formerly known as adult-onset diabetes because it was rarely seen in young people, type 2 diabetes now disables Americans of all ages in all 50 states, according to new figures from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Eighteen states saw their rates of diabetes cases double between 1995 and 2010, while 42 states saw that rate jump by 50 percent, the agency report found.

People with diabetes can't properly convert the food they eat into energy. The result is that harmful levels of glucose build up in the blood, instead of fueling the rest of the body.

A healthy lifestyle can help keep blood sugar levels normal. That means having blood pressure and cholesterol levels controlled, remaining physically active, eating a well-balanced diet and not smoking.

"Keep youth active and eating healthy foods," said Nancy Copperman, director of public health initiatives in the Office of Community Health at the North Shore-LIJ Health System in Great Neck, N.Y. "The prevention of pediatric obesity is the most effective way to turn the tide of the adult diabetes epidemic."

Must you overhaul your household and lifestyle overnight? Not necessarily. "Small steps can turn into great strides in preventing diabetes," Copperman said.

Don't have time to work out at a gym? Copperman suggests incorporating three 10-minute activity breaks into your daily schedules by taking the stairs, getting off the bus a stop earlier than your usual stop and parking at the far end of the shopping mall.

"An active lifestyle can prevent diabetes," she said.

Simple dietary changes, such as adding fruits and vegetables to meals and snacks, reducing portion sizes by using smaller plates and glasses, splitting your meal order at restaurants, and replacing sweetened beverages with water or flavored seltzers can reduce your risk of developing diabetes, she added.

Many people aren't aware they have diabetes until symptoms such as blurred vision or heart problems arise, so it's important to find out if you are at risk for diabetes.

According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, those at highest risk are age 45 or older, are overweight or obese, have a parent or sibling with diabetes, and lead a sedentary lifestyle, meaning they are moderately active fewer than three times a week. Women who had diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes) are also at higher risk, as are blacks, Hispanics and Native Americans.

But small steps can improve your odds. Dr. Ronald Tamler, clinical director of the Mount Sinai Diabetes Center in New York City, said research has shown that people at high risk can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes by losing 7 percent of their weight if they are overweight -- about 15 pounds for someone weighing 200 pounds.

The NIH says the two key factors for diabetes prevention are getting at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity, such as walking fast or biking, five days a week, and eating a variety of foods that are low in fat and reducing the number of calories you eat daily.

If you need to lose weight, it helps to set modest goals and chart your progress. Write down what you eat and drink, and document your weight loss. You'll need to take in fewer calories than you burn each day. Also, eat smaller portions of high-fat and high-calorie foods than you currently eat.

Find out how many calories you should consume daily. Someone weighing 175 to 215 pounds who wants to lose one or two pounds a week should eat no more than 1,500 calories and 42 grams of fat a day, according to the NIH.

Cutting calories may be easier than you think. The NIH offers some simple suggestions:

  • Substitute vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains for salty, fatty or sugary foods.
  • Add flavor to foods with herbs, spices and low-fat seasonings.
  • Cut back on added oils and fatty spreads.
  • Bake, grill or steam meats and fish instead of frying them.
  • Serve several whole-grain foods each day.
  • Add sliced bananas or apples to cereal.
  • Serve fruit instead of a high-calorie dessert, and, if you can't resist a sweet treat, share it.
  • Buy and try a new fruit or vegetable (ever had fava beans or papaya?).
  • Keep to a regular eating schedule, and skip seconds.
  • Eat together as a family most days.

Use modern conveniences to your advantage. "Never eat in front of a screen (TV, computer, iPad, phone)," Tamler said. But if you have a smart phone, he advises downloading free software to help with weight loss.

"Get a pedometer and use it every day," he added. "Try to walk 10,000 steps every day. When I cross Central Park from east to west, that's about 2,000 steps."

More information

To learn more about diabetes prevention, visit the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

To learn about the scope of the problem, read this HealthDay story on a report released Thursday from the U.S. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention that details just how prevalent a disease diabetes has become.

SOURCE: Nancy Copperman, M.S., R.D., C.D.N., director, Public Health Initiatives, Office of Community Health at the North Shore-LIJ Health System, Great Neck, N.Y.; Ronald Tamler, M.D., Ph.D., clinical director, Mount Sinai Diabetes Center, and associate professor, medicine, division of endocrinology, diabetes and bone diseases, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York City;


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. How a cancer drug leads to diabetes
2. Heart failure patients with diabetes may benefit from higher glucose levels
3. Disrupted Sleep May Raise Risk for Obesity, Diabetes: Study
4. Mouse Study Hints at New Path for Diabetes Treatment
5. Common Plastics Chemical Might Boost Diabetes Risk
6. Weight-Loss Surgery Beat Drugs for Cutting Diabetes in Very Obese
7. Naturopathic care can improve blood sugar, mood in diabetes
8. Cellular pathway linked to diabetes, heart disease
9. Diabetes Groups Issue New Guidelines on Blood Sugar
10. Value of Metformin, Insulin Combo for Type 2 Diabetes Questioned
11. Xenotransplantation as a therapy for type 1 diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Diabetes Prevention: Start Small, Experts Say
(Date:10/13/2017)... AR (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... with locations throughout Arkansas that offers insurance and financial preparation services, is providing ... the Rock City Rescue organization. , Rock City Rescue is a locally recognized ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... While it’s ... poses a problem. Fortunately, an inventor from Austin, Texas, has identified a solution. , ... medication in darkness or restricted lighting. As such, it eliminates the need to turn ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The International Association ... standards of excellence for the field of eating disorders, announces the opening of ... 2018 in Orlando, Florida at the Omni Resort at ChampionsGate. , ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, along with clinical associate professor ... prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th Annual Women’s Health Conference. The ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Apple Rehab Shelton Lakes , which specializes in the delivery of ... part of a disaster drill on October 3rd. , Apple Rehab participated with the ... as well as the Connecticut Long Term Care Mutual Aid Plan (LTC-MAP). The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... --  Divoti USA will engrave and process all ... the latest FDA requirements, which stipulates new criteria regarding medical device ... of Medical ID jewelry such as Medical ID Bracelets, can rest ... terms of the new FDA requirements . ... Divoti offers this dark mark fiber laser engraving ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , Oct. 11, 2017  Caris Life Sciences ... on fulfilling the promise of precision medicine, today announced ... joined Caris, Precision Oncology Alliance™ (POA) as its 17 ... centers, the St. Jude Crosson Cancer Institute will help ... the use of tumor profiling, making cancer treatment more ...
(Date:10/10/2017)...  NDS received FDA 510(k) clearance in May 2017 for its ... specifically designed for endoscopy environments. An innovative secondary monitor solution, ZeroWire ... to support the improvement of patient outcomes, procedural efficiency, and the ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: