Navigation Links
Developing countries need support to ethically conduct unlinked anonymous HIV testing
Date:1/20/2009

Data collected from HIV surveillance are crucial to guide public health interventions, planning, and prevention efforts. But developing countries face several challenges to implementing surveillance programs says a team of researchers from the US and the Democratic Republic of Congo in this week's PLoS Medicine.

One form of surveillance that can be particularly challenging to conduct, say Stuart Rennie (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA) and colleagues, is unlinked anonymous testing (UAT), which typically involves using blood that is discarded from specimens collected from patients for routine clinical purposes. UAT commonly does not involve obtaining consent from the person whose discarded blood is tested for HIV. The test is anonymized and unlinked from the person providing the sample and so the results cannot be reported back to patients.

The ethical justification for UAT, they say, includes the usefulness of the surveillance data together with the confidentiality protections afforded by anonymous, unlinked testing; the fact that the residual blood collected for other purposes would be discarded anyway and no one is harmed by its use; and the view that UAT takes place as part of a response to a public health emergency.

While the authors believe that UAT itself is "valuable and ethical," they argue that such surveillance "can be conducted in ethically questionable ways in certain circumstances." They give a series of examples from their own experience in the field, together with guidance on how to improve the conduct of UAT in such circumstances.

One example is that agencies conducting UAT in developing countries, they say, may sometimes collect residual blood from syphilis testing services that they temporarily set up to facilitate HIV surveillance. Such an approach is not in keeping with WHO/UNAIDS guidelines which state that UAT should only be conducted in settings where blood is regularly (no
'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Hyde
press@plos.org
44-122-346-3330
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. AASM encourages those student-athletes at risk for developing osa to visit a sleep clinic
2. Pregnancy may increase the risk of developing binge eating disorder
3. Researcher developing new method for hearing loss assessment
4. Breastfeeding does not protect children against developing asthma or allergies
5. CEO Addresses Tennessee Business Leaders About Developing Pandemic and Business Continuity Plans
6. amfARs MSM Initiative Seeks Proposals From Front-Line Groups Working on HIV in Developing Countries
7. Developing a modular, nanoparticle drug delivery system
8. Jefferson scientists find protein may be key in developing deadly form of pancreatic cancer
9. AAAAI: Early Day Care Attendance May Protect Infants From Later Developing Asthma, From the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
10. IAEA and NFCR join forces to fight cancer in developing world
11. Engineers developing new cements to heal spinal fractures
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/27/2014)... 2014 This is a professional ... Dutasteride (CAS 164656-23-9) industry. The report firstly reviews ... its classification, application and manufacturing technology. The report ... Dutasteride (CAS 164656-23-9) listing their product specification, capacity, ... report further analyzes quantitatively 2009-2014 global and China’s ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... July 27, 2014 The report ... in Aviation - Market Analysis (Commercial Aviation And ... Pneumatic, Hydraulic, Mechanical) - Forecasts 2014 - 2019." ... are expected to shape the market during the ... and technology trends that are currently prevailing in ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... News) -- Couples aren,t more likely to get divorced ... new research finds. The study only looks at ... play a direct role in affecting whether couples stay ... speak against fears that women,s growing educational advantage over ... Schwartz, lead author of the study, said in an ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... July 27, 2014 Alta Resources ... outsourcing (BPO) for Fortune 500 brands, announced today that ... its locations in Wisconsin, California, Florida and the Philippines. ... several health-insurance clients, which have seasonal ramp-ups that require ... (AEP), November 2014 through February 2015. As more consumers ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... 27, 2014 The Institute of Safe ... adverse events such as Xarelto bleeding side-effects reported after ... out numbered the complaints filed for its competitor Pradaxa, ... for Xarelto increased to nearly 1 million prescriptions per ... early 2012, the ISMP noted in its latest issue ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Global and Chinese Dutasteride Industry (CAS 164656-23-9) 2019 Forecasts in New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 2Health News:Global and Chinese Dutasteride Industry (CAS 164656-23-9) 2019 Forecasts in New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 3Health News:Global and Chinese Dutasteride Industry (CAS 164656-23-9) 2019 Forecasts in New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 4Health News:Actuator Systems Market in Aviation Estimated to Reach $3,839.74 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Health News:Actuator Systems Market in Aviation Estimated to Reach $3,839.74 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Health News:Actuator Systems Market in Aviation Estimated to Reach $3,839.74 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Health News:Wives' Higher Education May Not Affect Divorce Rate 2Health News:Alta Resources to Fill Approximately 2,500 Positions 2Health News:Alta Resources to Fill Approximately 2,500 Positions 3Health News:Xarelto Lawsuit News: Report Finds Adverse Events For Xarelto Bleeding Side-Effects Outnumber Those For Pradaxa 2Health News:Xarelto Lawsuit News: Report Finds Adverse Events For Xarelto Bleeding Side-Effects Outnumber Those For Pradaxa 3Health News:Xarelto Lawsuit News: Report Finds Adverse Events For Xarelto Bleeding Side-Effects Outnumber Those For Pradaxa 4Health News:Xarelto Lawsuit News: Report Finds Adverse Events For Xarelto Bleeding Side-Effects Outnumber Those For Pradaxa 5
... chronic hepatitis C are at risk of suffering from ... weeks from commencement of treatment, says the researchers in a ... Science (IOVS)in the January 2007 issue. ,Researchers from ... in diameter of blood vessels and the velocity of ...
... that suggests a link between a particular gene named ... journal, Neurobiology of Aging, published the results of the ... implicated in causing Alzheimer’s disease. ,This research now ... raises the possibility that occurrence of herpes infection earlier ...
... have to prescribe medicines by their generic names instead of ... ,"We have issued a letter in this regard to all ... and dispensaries," Singh told IANS. ,The doctors ... not the brand names. Failure to do so would call ...
... Leading pharmaceutical company Lupin Ltd has received tentative approval ... its generic drug Sertraline Hydrochloride for// treatment of major ... will be the AB-rated generic equivalent of Pfizer's Zoloft ... ,"The company intends to launch the generic (drug) ...
... were thought to be far cleaner and healthier as compared ... not true- inner cities are a haven// for unhealthy habits ... smoking and disease rates and dietary habits to understand the ... that towns such as Merthyr Tydfil in Wales happened to ...
... be used for 15 minutes before sleeping to treat insomnia ... based company Helicor, is under clinical trial on 100 patients ... heartbeat by regulated deep breathing, said the online edition of ... several other conditions including anxiety and panic attacks, is said ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Herpes Simplex and Alzheimer’s Disease Linked to Single Gen 2Health News:Herpes Simplex and Alzheimer’s Disease Linked to Single Gen 3Health News:Herpes Simplex and Alzheimer’s Disease Linked to Single Gen 4
(Date:7/24/2014)... July 24, 2014  IRIDEX Corporation (NASDAQ: ... second quarter 2014 financial results after the market closes ... with the release, the Company will host a conference ... Eastern Time on Thursday, July 31, 2014 ... other business developments. Interested parties may access ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... July 24, 2014 Omnicell, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... medication and supply management solutions and analytics software ... July 31, to discuss the Company,s Second Quarter ... Quarter 2014 earnings conference call and webcastWhen: ... Randall Lipps, chairman, president and chief executive officer ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... -- IGI Laboratories, Inc. (NYSE MKT: IG), a New Jersey based ... results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2014. ... of $6.5 million in the second quarter of 2014, an ... , Total revenues of $13.3 million for the six months ... same period in 2013 , Total revenues generated from ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Omnicell to Release Second Quarter 2014 Earnings Results on July 31 2IGI Laboratories Announces Second Quarter 2014 Results 2IGI Laboratories Announces Second Quarter 2014 Results 3IGI Laboratories Announces Second Quarter 2014 Results 4IGI Laboratories Announces Second Quarter 2014 Results 5IGI Laboratories Announces Second Quarter 2014 Results 6IGI Laboratories Announces Second Quarter 2014 Results 7
... MicroCHIPS, Inc., a developer of innovative drug delivery ... Office and Trademark Office has granted U.S. Patent No. ... This patent in conjunction with U.S. Patent No. 7,070,590 ... reservoir-based medical devices used for implantable drug delivery systems. ...
... Promidian, a management consulting firm focused on ... survey findings about the increasing interest in the ... that is rapidly gaining nationwide attention for its ... care—while reducing costs. The Promidian ...
Cached Medicine Technology:MicroCHIPS Announces 35th U.S. Patent for Microreservoir-Based Drug Delivery Systems 2Promidian Survey Finds Growing Support for Patient-Centered Medical Home 2
This product is for the lower body and uses a Convective Warming System which is both soft and comfortable. Constructed of 2-ply material consisting of polyethylene film inner layer and non-woven out...
The torso blanket is designed to affix to the lower abdominal area and cover the upper half of the body....
The fabric is antistatic and non-linting and is both oil and water repellent.These superior blankets are an environmental friendly alternative to disposable blankets....
CritiCool™ offers precise cooling to the programmed target temperature by applying temperature control algorithm....
Medicine Products: