Navigation Links
Despite less play, children's use of imagination increases over 2 decades
Date:5/30/2012

Children today may be busier than ever, but Case Western Reserve University psychologists have found that their imagination hasn't suffered in fact, it appears to have increased.

Psychologists Jessica Dillon and Sandra Russ expected the opposite outcome when they analyzed 14 play studies that Russ conducted between 1985 and 2008. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sQb95itdoCM).

But as they report in "Changes in Children's Play Over Two Decades," an article in the Creativity Research Journal, the data told a story contrary to common assumptions. First, children's use of imagination in play and their overall comfort and engagement with play activities actually increased over time. In addition, the results suggested that children today expressed less negative feelings in play. Finally, their capacity to express a wide range of positive emotions, to tell stories and to organize thoughts stayed consistent.

Dillon, a fifth-year doctoral student, and Russ, a professor in psychological sciences at Case Western Reserve, decided to revisit the play data after a 2007 report from the American Academy of Pediatrics showed children played less.

They set out to see if having less time for unstructured play affected the processes in play that influence cognition and emotional development, a focus of the play research.

The pretend play studies focused on children between the ages of 6 and 10. The children's play was measured for comfort, imagination, the range and amount of positive to negative emotions used and expressed, and the quality of storytelling by using Russ' Affect in Play Scale (APS).

The APS is a five-minute, unstructured play session. Children are asked to play freely with three wooden blocks and two human hand puppets. The play is videotaped, and later reviewed and scored for imagination, expression of emotions, actions and storytelling.

Russ explains that children who exhibit good play skills with imaginative and emotional play situations have shown better skills at coping, creativity and problem solving. She stresses there is no link between being a good player and intelligence.

The APS data provided a consistent measurement and research structure over the 23-year period. Russ said the consistency of having the same tool to measure play provided this unique opportunity to track changes in play.

"We were surprised that outside of imagination and comfort, play was consistent over time," said Dillon.

Russ did voice concern about the decrease in displayed negative emotions and actions. "Past studies have linked negative emotions in play with creativity," she said.

But even with the lack of time to play, Russ said, children, like some other forms of higher mammals, have a drive to play and always will find ways to do it.

As new stimuli, like video games and the Internet, have crept into everyday life, Russ explains that children might gain cognitive skills from using technology where they once got it from acting out situations in play. Skills might also develop from daydreaming.

Russ said future research will need to focus on whether acting out emotions and creating stories in play is as important as it once was in helping children to be creative.

Even though children have less time these days for play, Russ still advises giving children time for it, adding that it helps children develop emotional and cognitive abilities.


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Despite Treatment, Employees with Depression Generate Higher Absentee Costs, According to Thomson Reuters Study
2. Breast Cancer Stats Differ Racially Despite Similar Mammogram Rates
3. Firmex Achieves 237% Annual Revenue Growth Despite Tough M&A Environment in 2009
4. FDA Approved Diabetes Drug Despite Hints at Cancer Risk
5. Survey: Toyota owners maintain high overall satisfaction despite recalls
6. Exploitation of Overseas Nannies and Caregivers Could Continue Despite New Canadian Immigration Laws
7. Despite much-higher poverty rates, rural Oregonians use less public assistance
8. Complex Spinal Operations Soar Despite Drawbacks
9. Despite tests, high blood pressure hard to recognize in children
10. A Tan Is Still Admired, Despite Risks
11. Lung disease may be genetic, despite lack of family history
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... Head Island, SC (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... and surrounding areas with a vital new community enrichment program, has teamed up with ... local women and children suffering from intimate abuse. To support all those victimized by ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , ... February 08, 2016 , ... Remember the old ... , According to Perry A~, author of “Calcium Bentonite Clay” the health benefits ... role in balancing and detoxifying the body. , A former motivational speaker, Perry A~ ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... share this important news! AHCC and the Home Health and Hospice ICD-10 Transition ... designee for official ICD coding guidance and clarifications, to address concerns over the ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... , ... According to research by the National Association of ... be certified or obtain continuing education. To increase patient awareness of the lack ... campaign to inform dentists and patients about the possible lack of skills and ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... , ... February 06, 2016 ... ... 303-368-6225 , MEDIA ADVISORY: 5000 PERIOPERATIVE NURSES EXPECTED AT AORN SURGICAL CONFERENCE ... perioperative nurses in the world with an estimated 5000 perioperative nurses in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... , February 8, 2016 ... market research report "Ablation Technologies Market by Product (Radiofrequency, ... Pain Management, Cosmetic Surgery, Ophthalmology, Gynecology) - Global Forecasts ... global market over the forecast period of 2015 to ... by 2020, at CAGR of 10.5% from 2015 to ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... NORRITON, Pa. , Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... of November Research Group (NRG),s pharmacovigilance technology ... pharmacovigilance system-related consulting services and an Oracle Argus ... compliance services to Life Sciences companies. ... strengthens and expands HighPoint,s life sciences capabilities and ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... part of a major growth and expansion initiative, Dune Medical ... Chmura as President of Dune Inc., its U.S. division. ... experience in the medical device space will play a large ... --> --> In her new ... and operational functions in the U.S. She is tasked with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: