Navigation Links
Depression linked to HIV risk among South African young people, study shows

University of Alberta research has discovered a strong link between depression and risky sexual behaviours such as improper condom use, transactional sex and relationship violence among young people in South Africa.

The research shows that depression is common among young South Africans, and could be making a significant contribution towards the HIV epidemic.

As well, the researchers believe that depression could be contributing to risky sexual behaviours around the world, and that preventing or treating it may reduce the global burden of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV and AIDS.

Ian Colman and Mzikazi Nduna, researchers from the U of A's School of Public Health, studied 1,002 females and 976 males between the ages of 15 and 26 living in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Study participants were surveyed twice, once in 2002, and again 12 months later.

The research found that 21.1 per cent of women and 13.6 per cent of men reported symptoms of depression. Depressed women were more likely to be in controlling relationships, to have a partner who was several years older, and to have experienced sexual violence. Men with depressed symptoms were more likely to have had three or more lifetime partners, experienced transactional sex and committed rape.

All of these behaviours are considered to put young women and men at risk for sexually transmitted HIV.

The research appears in the newest issue of the Journal of the International Aids Society.

Based on their findings, Colman and Nduna recommend routine screening for prevention, diagnosis and management of depression among youth as a means to reducing risky sexual behaviours and, in turn, HIV risk in South Africa.

"Access to mental-health services for young people remains elusive as resources and are directed to more pressing conditions such as teenage pregnancy and HIV prevention," Nduna said. The researchers see potential for blending depression prevention into current sexual and reproductive health clinic services. "Clearly we could achieve better success in our prevention efforts if they are delivered to clients who are in a healthy state of psychological well-being," added Colman, an assistant professor of epidemiology.


Contact: Bev Betkowski
University of Alberta

Related medicine news :

1. Social Class May Affect Outcome of Depression Treatment
2. Additional cardiac testing vital for patients with anxiety and depression
3. Half of Teens Treated for Depression Will Relapse: Study
4. Screening test validated for depression in adolescents
5. Follow-ups prove powerful tool for treating depression in primary care
6. Animal Study Explores Potential Gene Therapy for Depression
7. Fish Oil Pills Dont Affect Postpartum Depression: Study
8. Depression, Anxiety May Raise Surgery Risks
9. Magnet Therapy an Option for Tough-to-Treat Depression
10. Physical symptoms common, disabling among patients with cancer and pain or depression
11. Patient personality hinders detection of depression
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 28, 2015 , ... There is only one major question ... from last year? , This question has not been an easy question to answer. ... retirement age and the younger workforce don’t share the same discipline around working long ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... The rapid speed at which ... age, more care is needed, especially with Alzheimer’s, dementia and other cognitive conditions ... overworked. The forgotten part of this equation: 80 percent of medical care occurs ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice Pickers ... company is offering customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. In ... full price. According to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way to ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... through sharing, the 2016 Building Better Radiology Marketing Programs meeting will ... on Sunday, March 6, 2016, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas with a ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... innovative online platform for mental health and wellness consultation, has collaborated with a ... will bridge the knowledge gap experienced by parents and bring advice from parenting ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/29/2015)... , Nov. 29, 2015   Royal Philips  ... driven radiology solutions at the 2015 Radiological Society of ... 4 at McCormick Place in Chicago ... will experience the company,s broad portfolio of integrated Diagnostic ... solutions to increase clinical performance, improve workflow and create ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... Germany , Nov. 29, 2015  At this ... attendees to experience the most complete mobile C-arm portfolio ... display is Ziehm Vision RFD 3D, the world,s only ... cm edge length per scan volume. In addition, Ziehm ... fully motorized mobile C-arm in four axes which is ...
(Date:11/29/2015)...  The GE Health Cloud 1 was unveiled today ... North America (RSNA) meeting in ... new cloud ecosystem and its applications will connect radiologists and ... multidisciplinary teams – both inside and outside the hospital setting. ... GE. "As the digital industrial leader, we are betting big ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: