Navigation Links
Depression May Lead to More Preemies Among Blacks
Date:6/16/2009

Expert thinks pre-pregnancy mood could partly explain disparity in birth rate ,,,,

TUESDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Black women are twice as likely to give birth prematurely as white women, and a greater likelihood of depression may play a role in that, a new study suggests.

Researchers looked at birth-rate data collected over six years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study, which included health information from about 5,000 young adults living in four metropolitan areas.

Of the 555 women who gave birth between 1990 and 1996 in the larger study, 18.1 percent of black women gave birth prematurely compared with 8.5 percent of white women, according to the study, which appears in the June online issue of the Journal of Women's Health.

Premature birth was defined as any birth before 37 weeks of gestation. Normal gestation ranges from 38 to 42 weeks.

"Preterm births are one of the most significant health disparities in the United States, and the overall number of these births increased from 10.6 percent in 2000 to 12.8 percent in 2005," said the study's lead author, Amelia Gavin, a University of Washington assistant professor of social work.

Researchers aren't sure of the reasons for the disparity, but pre-pregnancy depression could a role, Gavin said. Women who were depressed before becoming pregnant had a greater likelihood of giving birth prematurely.

Yet researchers can't say with certainty that depression is causing the preterm deliveries or what impact depression during pregnancy might have on gestation because the data did not include that information.

"At this point we can't say that pre-pregnancy depressive mood is a cause of preterm birth or how race affects this association," Gavin said. "But it seems to be a risk factor in giving birth prematurely, and higher pre-pregnancy depressive mood among black women compared to white women may indirectly contribute to the greater odds of preterm birth found among black women."

Another possibility is that the higher preterm birth rate among black women might be the result of "weathering," or accelerated declines in health because of socioeconomic or other factors, she said.

"What some people experience by being black takes a toll on the physiological system, and over time, wear and tear that occurs across neural, neuroendocrine and immune systems as a result of chronic exposure to stressors lead to health disparities for blacks," Gavin said. "Some of this may manifest itself in premature birth and low-birth weight."

More information

The March of Dimes has more on premature birth.



-- Jennifer Thomas



SOURCE: University of Washington, news release, June 10, 2009


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Studies Show Groundbreaking 22% Reduction in Depression Symptoms in 4 Hours
2. Anxiety and depression lower quality of life in majority of systemic lupus erythematosus patients
3. The Hidden Story: Poetry Inspired by Authors Struggle with Depression, Addiction
4. New family-focused model of depression care needed to minimize risks
5. Early Bedtime May Help Stave Off Teen Depression
6. New Program May Help Teens at High Risk for Depression
7. Depression Treatment Wanes Following FDA Warnings
8. IBI Research Finds Employers Severely Underestimate the Prevalence and Lost Productivity Costs of Depression
9. Stigma Keeps Teens From Depression Treatment
10. Study Links Cancerous Tumors With Depression
11. New Study Reveals Wide Variations in Depression Diagnoses among Ethnic Groups
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Depression May Lead to More Preemies Among Blacks
(Date:4/30/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Saturday, April 30, marks World Veterinary Day, ... health. The World Veterinary Association (WVA) and the World Organization for Animal Health ... with a One Health focus, which emphasizes how veterinarians pursue continuing education opportunities ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 30, 2016 , ... World Patent Marketing ... Up Springboard, an automotive invention that improves the storage features of a pick ... billion," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of World Patent Marketing. "Over ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... , announces the addition Onnit brand Alpha BRAIN and New Mood Daily-Stress Formula ... brain and mood optimization products to the store is just one more way ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... more flexibility in repaying their loans, more information about their loan terms and ... total outstanding student loan debt, including federal and private loans, has reached $1.3 ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... The ... the $30,000 Perlman Grand Prize of the 2016 Wharton Business Plan Competition ... Michelson People’s Choice Award, and the Committee Award for Most ‘Wow Factor,’ making ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... YORK , April 28, 2016  While ... notably complement the company,s valve repair and stent ... move also places Abbott more firmly into patient ... of the fastest growing device areas, with double-digit ... its recent report,  Advanced Remote Patient Monitoring ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... NEW YORK , April 28, 2016  The ... reached 275 million dollars, according to Kalorama Information and ... includes typing, immunoassays and nucleic acid testing.  The healthcare ... had made progress in developing blood collection stations and ... was made in Kalorama Information,s report, Blood ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... JERUSALEM , April 28, 2016 ... ), a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company focused on the development of ... participate in the upcoming PIONEERS 2016 conference, presented by ... 5, 2016 in New York . ... overview at the conference. Presentation Details:   ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: