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Delicate Debate Urged Over Withdrawal of Life Support
Date:10/17/2008

Gradual steps may benefit families but not the patient, and doctors need to communicate that more, study suggests

FRIDAY, Oct. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Almost half of the patients who die in the intensive care units of hospitals do so after a prolonged withdrawal of life support, a process doctors refer to as "stuttering," a new study found.

And even though families were often more satisfied after such a process, doctors feel this was frequently not in the best interest of the patient.

"This study suggests that the way we currently conduct withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments in the ICU is not consistent with what many of us feel ought to be the best approach," said study senior author Dr. J. Randall Curtis, a professor of medicine in the division of pulmonary and critical care medicine at the University of Washington School of Medicine. "This is a wake-up call to physicians working in the ICU to look critically at ways they think about this and do this."

One-fifth of all deaths in the United States occur during or soon after a stay in the intensive care unit, according to background information in the study. Yet there is little emphasis on palliative care in this setting, and dying in an ICU has often been described as "impersonal."

No previous research had addressed the timing of withdrawal of life support, particularly the sequence of the withdrawals.

"There really aren't specific guidelines for how to do this," said Dr. Roy Smythe, chairman of surgery at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine.

"I think that most terminal patients, if given the choice, would not elect to have their care withdrawn in a stuttering fashion," added Smythe, who's also chairman of surgery at Scott & White Hospital in Temple.

The new study, published in October in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, involved talking to family members
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