Navigation Links
Death rates in hospital highest for infants, and children without insurance
Date:12/10/2008

ANN ARBOR, Mich. The vast majority of children who die while hospitalized are newborns, according to a new nationwide study. Additionally, death rates are higher for hospitalized children without insurance compared to those with insurance, the researchers found.

Children who were transferred between hospitals also had significantly higher mortality rates, according to the study, which was co-authored by Matthew M. Davis, M.D., M.A.P.P., associate professor of general pediatrics and internal medicine at the Child Health Evaluation and Research (CHEAR) Unit of the U-M Medical School; and Rachel N. Caskey, M.D., M.A.P.P., of the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine. The study appeared recently in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

"As health care providers and institutions expand their efforts to meet the needs of severely ill children and their families, they need to be aware of the higher mortality rates among the youngest children, those without insurance coverage and those who are transferred from one hospital to another," notes Davis, who also is the director of the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health and associate professor of public policy at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at U-M.

"These children and families may require support services and end-of-life care beyond what is typically available in many hospitals," Davis says.

The researchers studied data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample between the years 1992 and 2002, representing more than 35 million patient discharges. Nationally, more than 40 percent of deaths among children occur while they are hospitalized. The study is the first to examine end-of-life hospitalization patterns for children in a national sample.

Specific findings include:

  • A majority of the deaths were among newborns; in 2002, for example, nearly 69 percent were newborns. This reflects the fact that a majority of child hospitalizations are for newborns, the authors note.
  • While the highest number of deaths was among newborns, the highest rate of mortality was among infants who were not newborns but were younger than 1 year old. In 2002, the death rate in that age group was 0.52 percent of hospitalized children, compared with an overall rate of 0.4 percent among all children.
  • Among children without insurance, the mortality rate was 0.58 percent in 2002, compared with 0.45 percent of children on Medicaid, and 0.33 percent of children with private insurance.
  • Children in all age groups had a higher mortality rate when they were transferred from another hospital, than if they died in the hospital that originally admitted them. For instance, in 2002, the rate among 1-5-year-olds was 1.33 percent for transferred children, compared with 0.27 percent of children who weren't transferred. The gap was much greater among newborns: 4.75 percent compared with 0.36 percent.
  • Insured children who died had significantly longer hospital stays compared with uninsured children who died. It was not clear from the data if this reflected differences in how long insurers allow patients to remain hospitalized, or the severity of the patients' illnesses.


'/>"/>

Contact: Katie Vloet
kgazella@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
2. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
3. Antioxidants show no clear benefit against cardiovascular events, death in high-risk women
4. Diabetes appears to increase risk of death for patients with acute coronary syndromes
5. Diet high in meat, fat and refined grains linked to risk for colon cancer recurrence, death
6. Longer ambulance journeys boost death risk for seriously ill patients
7. Stopping Statins After Stroke Doubles Death Risk
8. Oral Health a Matter of Life and Death for Seniors
9. Pop stars more than twice as likely to die an early death
10. Australian-led international study shows blood pressure drugs cut death rate in type 2 diabetes
11. Amid Improving Life Expectancy Rates, Risk of Premature Death is Still Significant for Americans, New Study Shows
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 30, 2016 , ... World Patent Marketing ... Up Springboard, an automotive invention that improves the storage features of a pick ... billion," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of World Patent Marketing. "Over ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Memorial Healthcare System Graduate ... Education (ACGME) that it has received accreditation for its residency program on Physical ... programs that Memorial is currently pursuing, including Pediatrics and Internal Medicine. This accreditation ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... The American ... productivity, stability, even security. Most importantly, employees are the single most important asset ... American workers so unhappy? , Just under half of American workers are emotionally ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Coast Dental Fort Stewart is celebrating its ... location in the Exchange Furniture Mall at 112 Vilseck Road in Fort Stewart. There ... TV. Plus attendees will have the opportunity to meet general dentists Thomas Richards, DDS, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Mobility Designed is redefining mobility with ... armpits, the M+D Crutch evenly distributes body weight from the elbow to the forearm. ... using the crutches than with other crutches. , Co-founders Max and Liliana Younger were ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016   Click here ... Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), the nation,s largest independent ... a definitive agreement to acquire Valley Campus Pharmacy, ... ("TNH"), a leading specialty pharmacy that provides individualized ... California . In 2015, TNH generated approximately ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... April 28, 2016 Research and ... Plastic Surgery Products Market 2016-2020" report to their ... , The global plastic surgery products market ... during the period 2016-2020. , ,The growing adoption of ... the growth of the market. Lasers are used to ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 28, 2016 ... Phillips und Stephen Schmidt ... ArisGlobal®, ein führender Anbieter cloudbasierter Softwarelösungen ... bekannt, dass neue Führungskräfte zum Team Sicherheit ... die vielfältige Erfahrungen mitbringen.  Dies wird die ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: