Navigation Links
Death Rates Higher for Minority Children Awaiting Heart Transplant
Date:11/12/2008

14% for whites, 19% for blacks, 21% for Hispanics and 27% for others, study says

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Minority children waiting for a heart transplant have a higher death rate than white youngsters, say researchers who analyzed eight years of data from the United Network of Organ Sharing.

During that period, ending in 2006, there were 3,299 children waiting for a heart transplant. Of those, 58 percent were white, 20 percent were black, 16 percent were Hispanic, 3 percent were Asian, and 3 percent were listed as other.

After they compensated for age, listing and health status, the researchers found that, compared to white children:

  • Black children had a 60 percent greater risk of dying.
  • Hispanic children were 50 percent more likely to die.
  • Asians and others had a 100 percent to 130 percent higher death rate.

Socioeconomic factors explained only some of this increased risk among minority children, accounting for a third of the increased risk in blacks and 20 percent of the increased risk in Hispanics, the researchers said. After they further adjusted the data for health insurance and household income, the risk of death remained higher for all non-whites -- 40 percent higher for blacks and Hispanics and more than 100 percent higher for Asians and others. The researchers also found that children covered by Medicaid were 20 percent more likely to die while waiting for a transplant.

The study was expected to be presented Nov. 11 at the American Heart Association's annual scientific sessions, in New Orleans.

"We were interested in finding the risk factors for death while awaiting a heart transplant in children listed for transplant. We realized that if you simply divide them into two categories of white and nonwhite, those who weren't white had a higher risk of dying," lead author Dr. T. P. Singh, assistant professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and a pediatric cardiologist with the Heart Failure and Transplant Service at Children's Hospital Boston, said in a heart association news release.

"It is possible non-white children deteriorated more rapidly after (transplant) listing or that those non-white parents preferred not to go to advanced therapies. The data raises these questions without providing answers," said Singh, who added that further studies are needed to determine the reasons why minority children are more likely to die while waiting for a heart transplant. Until there are clear answers, doctors taking care of children with heart failure need to be aware of these disparities, the study authors said.

More information

The American Heart Association has more about heart transplants in infants and children.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: American Heart Association, news release, Nov. 11, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Blood pressure control inequality linked to deaths among blacks
2. WomenHeart Urges Women to Talk With Doctors About New Study Showing Statins Prevent Heart Attacks, Deaths
3. Study confirms increased heart attack deaths in NYC ambulance diversions
4. Tobacco-Free Kids Mourns the Death of Dr. Ron Davis, Past President of AMA and Longtime Tobacco Control Leader
5. Smoking Coupled With Obesity Raises Death Risk
6. Anxiety Linked to Heart Attack Can Raise Death Risk
7. Sudden Death Risk Highest 30 Days After Heart Attack
8. Diabetes, Hypertension Hasten Death in Alzheimers Patients
9. Earlier Vaccination Could Cut Whooping Cough Deaths
10. Minor shift in vaccine schedule has potential to reduce infant illness, death
11. Kidney Patients More Susceptible to Sudden Cardiac Death
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Dr. Travis Schwarz is an experienced dentist who leads ... 63366. He serves patients of all ages with a full menu of dental services, ... reflected in the superior patient reviews that he has consistently earned during his practice ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... DKT International, one ... developing world, is pleased to release their 2015 global impact data. In 2015, ... almost 14,000 maternal deaths and 3.8 million unsafe abortions across 21 countries worldwide. ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... its annual Medical and Prescription Drug survey , an employee benefits ... survey, which was conducted in December 2015, indicates that employers are turning to ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... "FCPX LUT Intense allows users ... footage," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , With the ... easily add stylish color grades to their footage. A LUT is a Lookup Table ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... GA (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... solutions builder, has announced that it will join America's leading engineers at the ... be held at the Georgia World Congress Center. , Engineers, speakers and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... Dutch surgeons have launched a ground-breaking medical app to help ... on a global scale. Medical professionals from Europe ... and the US have already signed up for the app, which ... secure environment. Education  "Imagine a doctor for ... surgeon at Harvard to treat a bomb victim via live streaming ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO) announced ... Internship programs. The hands-on learning experience is a 12-week ... paid Fellowship and Internship programs ... Fellows and interns are provided optional housing free of ... at the Riverfront Residence Hall to foster communication ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... 23, 2016 The World Health Organization (WHO) expanded ... to include adolescents aged 13 years, and above. Effective immediately, ... for adult and adolescent males in the 14 priority countries ... was the first male circumcision device to receive WHO Prequalification ... Eddy Horowitz said: " The expanded use ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: