Navigation Links
Death Rates Higher for Minority Children Awaiting Heart Transplant
Date:11/12/2008

14% for whites, 19% for blacks, 21% for Hispanics and 27% for others, study says

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Minority children waiting for a heart transplant have a higher death rate than white youngsters, say researchers who analyzed eight years of data from the United Network of Organ Sharing.

During that period, ending in 2006, there were 3,299 children waiting for a heart transplant. Of those, 58 percent were white, 20 percent were black, 16 percent were Hispanic, 3 percent were Asian, and 3 percent were listed as other.

After they compensated for age, listing and health status, the researchers found that, compared to white children:

  • Black children had a 60 percent greater risk of dying.
  • Hispanic children were 50 percent more likely to die.
  • Asians and others had a 100 percent to 130 percent higher death rate.

Socioeconomic factors explained only some of this increased risk among minority children, accounting for a third of the increased risk in blacks and 20 percent of the increased risk in Hispanics, the researchers said. After they further adjusted the data for health insurance and household income, the risk of death remained higher for all non-whites -- 40 percent higher for blacks and Hispanics and more than 100 percent higher for Asians and others. The researchers also found that children covered by Medicaid were 20 percent more likely to die while waiting for a transplant.

The study was expected to be presented Nov. 11 at the American Heart Association's annual scientific sessions, in New Orleans.

"We were interested in finding the risk factors for death while awaiting a heart transplant in children listed for transplant. We realized that if you simply divide them into two categories of white and nonwhite, those who weren't white had a higher risk of dying," lead author Dr. T. P. Singh, assistant professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and a pediatric cardiologist with the Heart Failure and Transplant Service at Children's Hospital Boston, said in a heart association news release.

"It is possible non-white children deteriorated more rapidly after (transplant) listing or that those non-white parents preferred not to go to advanced therapies. The data raises these questions without providing answers," said Singh, who added that further studies are needed to determine the reasons why minority children are more likely to die while waiting for a heart transplant. Until there are clear answers, doctors taking care of children with heart failure need to be aware of these disparities, the study authors said.

More information

The American Heart Association has more about heart transplants in infants and children.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: American Heart Association, news release, Nov. 11, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Blood pressure control inequality linked to deaths among blacks
2. WomenHeart Urges Women to Talk With Doctors About New Study Showing Statins Prevent Heart Attacks, Deaths
3. Study confirms increased heart attack deaths in NYC ambulance diversions
4. Tobacco-Free Kids Mourns the Death of Dr. Ron Davis, Past President of AMA and Longtime Tobacco Control Leader
5. Smoking Coupled With Obesity Raises Death Risk
6. Anxiety Linked to Heart Attack Can Raise Death Risk
7. Sudden Death Risk Highest 30 Days After Heart Attack
8. Diabetes, Hypertension Hasten Death in Alzheimers Patients
9. Earlier Vaccination Could Cut Whooping Cough Deaths
10. Minor shift in vaccine schedule has potential to reduce infant illness, death
11. Kidney Patients More Susceptible to Sudden Cardiac Death
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, ... Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms ... Final Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... On Friday, ... presented a Bronze Wellness at Work award to iHire in recognition of their exemplary ... part of the 7th annual Maryland Workplace Health & Wellness Symposium at the BWI ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle ... chronic pain and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of ... Sickle Cell Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... is now offering micro-osteoperforation for accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience ... Damon brackets , AcceleDent, and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... today at the Clinical Decision Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte Vedra ... authored journal articles published in Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric Emergency ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... ALEXANDRIA, Va. , June 24, 2016 ... a set of recommendations that would allow ... information (HCEI) with entities that make formulary and coverage ... determine the "value" of new medicines. The ... that does not appear on the drug label, a ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... Diagnostic Tests" report to their offering. ... The World Market for Companion Diagnostics covers ... Market analysis in the report includes the following: ... Diagnostic Kits) by Region (N. America, EU, ROW), 2015-2020 ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , Belgium , June ... MKT: VNRX), today announced the appointment of Dr. ... of Directors as a Non-Executive Director, effective June ... Company,s Audit, Compensation and Nominations and Governance Committees.  ... Dr. Futcher will provide independent expertise and strategic ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: