Navigation Links
Dangerous college drinking: Prevention is possible, studies suggest

Alcohol is sometimes seen as part and parcel of college life, but there are programs that can significantly reduce students' risky drinking, according to a series of studies in a special college drinking supplement of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Problem drinking among U.S. college students is not going away and, by some measures, is getting worse. According to one study published in the supplement, drinking-related accidental deaths are on the rise -- from 1,440 deaths among 18- to 24-year-old students in 1998 to at least 1,825 in 2005. In this study, researchers led by Ralph W. Hingson, Sc.D, M.P.H., of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) in Bethesda, MD, found that heavy episodic drinking (sometimes referred to as "binge" drinking) and drunk driving have also increased among 21- to 24-year-olds.

"College students are being swept up in the same societal problems as the rest of the population, and that's discouraging," says William DeJong, Ph.D., a professor in social and behavioral sciences at the Boston University School of Public Health. DeJong is a special editor on the supplement and the lead author of a review article summarizing the research in the supplement.

But what is encouraging, DeJong says, is the growing evidence that college prevention programs do help reduce heavy episodic drinking and other alcohol-related problems.

Fourteen studies published in the supplement detail results of projects funded by the NIAAA's Rapid Response to College Drinking Problems initiative. Between 2004 and 2005, the NIAAA selected 15 college campuses with serious student-drinking issues to work with the agency and other experts in developing programs to combat the problem.

The resulting programs ranged widely -- from counseling for individual students with drinking problems to programs that involved the neighborhoods surrounding college campuses. And researchers found that all of these approaches had their own benefits.

One study, for example, looked at an assistance program for students who had been sanctioned by the university for drinking- or drug-related violations. Counselors assessed each student's alcohol and drug use, then had several sessions with them to discuss ways to change their behavior. Lead author Hortensia Amaro, Ph.D., of Northeastern University in Boston, and her colleagues found that, six months later, students who'd gone through the program were drinking less and using more positive "coping skills" than their counterparts who had not been through the program.

At the other end of the spectrum, two studies evaluated programs that brought colleges and their surrounding communities together -- through measures like increased police patrols in problem neighborhoods and efforts to make students more aware of their responsibilities as community residents. Both studies, one led by Robert F. Saltz, Ph.D., of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Berkeley, CA, and the second led by Mark D. Wood, Ph.D., of the University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, found certain positive effects, including reductions in heavy drinking and student incidents off-campus.

"You really need a full complement of efforts at all of these levels," DeJong says. "This is not just a student problem or a college problem; it's a community problem."

It's common for college administrators to have a defeatist attitude toward reducing campus drinking problems, DeJong noted. What is important to remember, he says, is that "the vast majority of students are making good decisions" when it comes to alcohol and that, where problems exist, it is possible to address them.

"The message here is that there are programs and policies that work," DeJong says. "These studies make the case that prevention is possible."


Contact: Paul Candon
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Related medicine news :

1. MRI finds breast cancer before it becomes dangerous
2. Dangerous Liaisons
3. New Report: Dangerous Drug Side Effects and Deaths Doubled Since 1998... Seniors Hit Hardest
4. Running shipwreck simulations backwards helps identify dangerous waves
5. Antidepressants and painkillers - a dangerous combination
6. Corrective sex education may make sexual offenders more dangerous
7. FDA petition would protect public from dangerous drugs
8. DOCTORS OPPOSE MARYLAND VACCINE ROUNDUP: Expect Dangerous Reactions When Children Are Treated Like Cattle
9. Defibrillators Not Dangerous While Driving
10. More evidence suggests diabetes drug may be dangerous
11. Advertisements for Medical Devices, Implants Should Carry Warnings of Dangerous Side Effects, Infections
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... Florida Hospital Tampa is the ... of obesity in the state of Florida. , vBloc® Therapy is a vagal blocking therapy, ... 18 years with a body mass index (BMI) of at least 40 to 45 kg, ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Califia Farms , ... that its iconic bottle has won top honors in Beverage World Magazine’s Global Packaging ... also announced that it has been selected as a 2015 U.S.A. Taste Champion in ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... December 1, ... expansion of the company’s growing product line of food safety and seafood fraud ... Sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) – allow InstantLabs to offer fast, reliable species identification for ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... The ... been lifted as IMAGE Information Systems launches MED-TAB™ -- the world’s first portable ... Meeting from November 29 to December 4, 2015. , MED-TAB is expected ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... is everything. That is why Hollister Incorporated has launched the VaPro Plus Pocket™ ... next product in the VaPro touch free catheter portfolio,” said Michael Gresavage, Vice ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... Dec. 1, 2015 As enforcement of the ... Security Act (DSCSA) approaches, InfiniTrak announced ... pharmacies comply with looming FDA regulations. ... entering endorsement agreements with State Pharmacy Associations, an ... organization (PSAO) to exclusively provide the InfiniTrak track-and-trace ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... CLEVELAND , Dec. 1, 2015   ... innovation firm, today announced the publication of a ... Entering the Direct-to-Consumer Medical Market". The whitepaper gives ... roadmap for successfully penetrating this lucrative segment. ... purchase healthcare products to manage their own health, ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 2015 --> --> ... Market by Type of Drug (Monoclonal Antibodies, Interferon-Alpha, Interleukins, Vaccines, ... Pipeline Analysis - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... 73,529.2 Million by 2020 from USD 40,281.6 Million in 2015, ... Browse 37 market data T ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: