Navigation Links
DNA repair system affects colon cancer recurrence and survival
Date:5/19/2011

Colorectal cancer patients with defects in mismatch repair--one of the body's systems for repairing DNA damage--have lower recurrence rates and better survival rates than patients without such defects, according to a study published online May 19th in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

About 15% of colorectal cancers are associated with mismatch repair defects. Some defects are caused by the inherited gene mutations found in Lynch syndrome and others occur by chance, or "sporadically." But it has never been clear whether mismatch repair defects are linked to cancer recurrence rates, time-to-recurrence and site of recurrence and whether such defects influence response to chemotherapy.

To explore these questions, Frank A. Sinicrope, M.D., of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and colleagues analyzed data from more than 2,000 clinical trial patients who had been treated after surgery with chemotherapy that included 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), a standard drug used in colorectal cancer. All patients had stage II or III colon cancer.

The patients with defective mismatch repair had lower rates of tumor recurrence, longer remissions, fewer metastases, and better survival rates compared to those without the defects. Both overall survival and disease-free survival were improved.

Whether mismatch repair status influences response to 5-FU therapy has been a subject of some debate. In this study treatment with 5-FU reduced recurrence rates in stage III, regardless of mismatch repair status, but not stage II patients.

The researchers also compared the effects of 5-FU-based therapy in patients thought to have inherited mismatch repair defects versus those whose defects occurred sporadically. They suggest that 5-FU appeared to reduce recurrences only in those with inherited defects.

"In conclusion," they write, "our data demonstrate that patients with defective mismatch repair colon cancers have a statistically significant reduction in their rates of tumor recurrence, a delayed time to recurrence, and better survival rates" than those without the defects. They note that the difference between inherited and sporadic tumors, though a preliminary finding, warrants further study.

In an accompanying editorial, Sabine Tejpar,M.D., Ph.D., of University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium, and colleagues note that the influence of mismatch repair defects on patients' prognosis and response to 5-FU has long been a contentious issue. They say that this study, with its large number of samples, provides "valuable information about the prognostic and certainly the predictive role" of mismatch repair defects. The editorialists conclude that it will be important to validate whether patients should have their mismatch repair defects identified as hereditary or sporadic before deciding on chemotherapy with 5-FU.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kristine Crane
jncimedia@oxfordjournals.org
301-841-1287
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Vaginal Mesh Surgery Effective for Bladder Prolapse Repair: Report
2. Natures elegant solution to repairing DNA in cancer, other conditions
3. Pelvic-repair device developed by UT Southwestern surgeons enables minimally invasive trauma surgery
4. UCSF, UC Berkeley join forces to advance frontier of brain repair
5. Large study of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair reveals some surprises
6. Method of DNA repair linked to higher likelihood of genetic mutation
7. Sporadic breast cancers start with ineffective DNA repair systems, Pitt researchers find
8. New DNA repair pathway
9. Biochemist studies DNA repair with $787,000 in grants
10. Surgery to repair torn shoulder muscles in the elderly can reduce pain and improve function
11. Lung stem cells vital to lung repair associated with poor cancer prognosis when found in tumor
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. Omkar Marathe ... from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in Internal Medicine ... his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he had the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... A ... procedures that most people are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state that ... but also many of these less common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Scientific Sessions in Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to ... came as PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join The ‘Business for a Fair Minimum ... by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase at the same rate as the ... wage floor does not erode again, and make future increases more predictable. , The company ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Puradigm® & Innovative Solutions today ... cultivation and processing operations at its production facility, and opened its first two ... the manufacturer of a complete system of proactive air and surface purification solutions ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... 2016 Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc (Nasdaq: ... Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended ("HSR"), ... Inc. ("Celator"; Nasdaq: CPXX ) expired effective ... As previously announced on May 31, 2016, ... agreement under which Jazz Pharmaceuticals has commenced a tender ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016  Consumers have taken a ... have placed more emphasis on patient outcomes. ... programs in the pharmaceutical industry have evolved beyond ... pharmaceutical companies are focusing on becoming more patient-oriented ... products and services that improve health. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016   Bay Area ... Network,s Dean Center for Tick Borne Illness ... and Rehabilitation, MIT Hacking Medicine, University of California, ... today announced the five finalists of Lyme ... disease.  More than 100 scientists, clinicians, researchers, entrepreneurs, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: