Navigation Links
Current training programs may not prepare firefighters to combat stress
Date:11/2/2011

Current training programs may not effectively prepare firefighters for the range of scenarios they are likely to encounter, according to human factors/ergonomics researchers Michael R. Baumann, Carol L. Gohm, and Bryan L. Bonner. In their October 2011 Human Factors article, "Phased Training for High-Reliability Occupations: Live-Fire Exercises for Civilian Firefighters," the authors assess the value of current scenario-based training programs.

Firefighters must make complex decisions and predictions and must perform extreme tasks at a moment's notice. Failure to keep a level head in the face of a dangerous situation may result in disastrous consequences. An effective training program that prepares firefighters to handle unanticipated changes may be the key to maintaining low stress levels and preventing stress-related health issues.

The most common form of training exposes firefighters to one or a very small set of live-fire scenarios designed to reduce stress and encourage calm decision-making skills. But repeated exposure to the same scenario may fail to adequately prepare firefighters for changing situations, as lessons learned in that scenario may not transfer to a different scenario.

In the Baumann et al. study, firefighter trainees performed a variety of drills, first repeating a drill in one type of building (six stories, one room on each floor) and then, in a subsequent training, performing drills in a different type of building (two stories, multiple rooms on each floor). As expected, trainees reported reduced stress and fewer performance problems in subsequent repetitions of one scenario but a reversion to pretraining levels of stress with the new scenario.

"If you learn the scenario, you can predict what will happen in that one scenario, but you can't predict what will happen in situations that look a little different," said Baumann. "If you learn general principles, then you can predict what is going to happen in a wide range of situations."

The authors suggest that trainers should increase the range of scenarios to which firefighters are exposed. Desktop-based simulators are available to supplement live-fire training with a variety of scenarios to enable trainees to learn basic principles, even though such simulators cannot replicate a live-fire environment.

"Repeated high levels of stress are associated with a host of health problems," Baumann said. "In firefighters specifically, the stress has been linked to increased risk of alcohol abuse, cardiovascular disease, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Finding a way to reduce the stress levels is a worthy goal."


'/>"/>
Contact: Lois Smith
lois@hfes.org
310-394-1811
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Concurrent chemo and radiation therepy improves long-term survival for inoperable stage III lung cancer
2. New tactic for controlling blood sugar in diabetes contradicts current view of the disease
3. New study benchmarks current critical care practices in the United States
4. Study finds shifting domestic roles for men who lost jobs in current recession
5. Cholesterol-lowering drugs may help prevent recurrent strokes in younger people
6. Study finds vaccine extends recurrent GBM survival rates by 2 to 3 times
7. Current opinion in structural biology and DNA repair
8. The case for maintaining current regulations on I-131 therapy
9. Study examines new treatment for recurrent urinary tract infections
10. Scientists find potential benefit of hypericin for recurrent brain tumors
11. Study examines recurrent wound botulism in injection drug users
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... May 27, 2017 , ... Most us are familiar with the ... study from the Osteoarthritis Initiative shows that certain people who experience consistent ... in advance may give doctors the opportunity to treat patients before the problem becomes ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... Amir ... Stimulation System, a powerfully versatile, patient-centric spinal cord stimulation system. The Nuvectra™ Algovita SCS ... , “We are pleased to be the first in Arkansas to introduce the most ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... On May 24, the Congressional Budget Office ... U.S. House on May 4, would result in 23 million Americans losing their health ... the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). , “It is clear ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Dr. Alex Rabinovich, a highly-skilled oral surgeon ... informational blog post on insurance options. If a Bay Area patient has to search ... time and money. Visiting an in-network provider for a second opinion can ensure a ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... “Cactus Jack: Against All Odds”: the ... others. “Cactus Jack: Against All Odds” is the creation of published author, Walter ... is married to Jack Carlisle’s third child Jane. Walter. Walter and Jane have ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: ... approximately 100,000 square feet to its Welch Allyn campus. ... its commitment to bring more than 100 new jobs ... Welch Allyn has maintained a significant presence for more ... these new positions, a large portion of which will ...
(Date:5/4/2017)...  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), a leading global digital ... today announced that it is teaming up with Auto ... to lower diabetes healthcare costs in Canada ... is available throughout all provinces and territories in ... for additional savings when shopping for Dario supplies in ...
(Date:5/3/2017)...  Getinge, a leading global provider of products ... cost efficiency within healthcare and life sciences, today ... demonstrating that intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) appears effective ... The single-center, retrospective, observational study showed that use ... 50cc intra-aortic balloon (IAB) in contemporary practice ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: