Navigation Links
Current and former smokers at risk for recurrent hepatitis post-liver transplantation
Date:7/12/2012

Transplant recipients who smoke or have smoked increase their risk of viral hepatitis reinfection following liver transplantation according to new research available in the July issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal published by Wiley on behalf of American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Findings suggest that tobacco in cigarettes may adversely affect immune system response in patients transplanted for viral hepatitis.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), tobacco use causes more than five million deaths per year worldwide, with estimates suggesting that annual mortality rates could climb to more than eight million by 2030. Previous research reports that nearly 34% of liver transplant recipients are active or former tobacco users. Moreover, medical evidence has shown that smoking increased biliary and vascular complications in the short-term, and elevated risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and sepsis-related mortality in the long-term among those receiving livers.

"Organs available for transplantation are scarce, with livers particularly in short supply," explains Dr. Mamatha Bhat from McGill University in Canada. "Transplant centers need to take an active role in identifying and minimizing risks to the success of liver transplantation." In the present study, researchers assessed the impact of smoking on incidence of complications, such as recurrent viral hepatitis, following liver transplantation.

Analysis of demographic characteristics and post-transplantation complications was performed on data from primary liver transplant recipients over a 14-year period. Using data from the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) Liver Transplant database, the team identified 444 patients who received liver transplants between 1990 and 2004, of which 63 were repeat transplants. The mean age of liver recipients was 55 years and 66% were male with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 27.

R
'/>"/>

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Why current strategies for fighting obesity are not working
2. Triple negative breast cancer symposium highlights current advances
3. Range of diagnostic spinal fluid tests needed to differentiate concurrent brain diseases
4. New coral reef crustacean described and named after late reggae performer Bob Marley
5. Researchers offer new approach to track former prisoners access to community HIV care
6. Special Needs Spotlight: Former SFMTA Board Member Bruce Oka Receives Treatment with San Francisco Sedation Dentist Dr. David Blende
7. Former Athlete Credits Sports for Surviving Horrible Car Accident and Lengthy Coma
8. Former Vikings and NFL Greats Tackle Sleep Apnea at Upcoming Minneapolis Event
9. New Electronic Cigarette Free Trial Kit Adds More Years to Smokers Life by Making it Easy to Quit Smoking
10. A better way to help high-risk pregnant smokers
11. Graphic Cig Pack Labels Make Smokers Think, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/23/2014)... Wash.Researchers at Washington State University Spokane have developed ... about to nod off behind the wheel. , ... wheel movementswhich are more variable in drowsy driversand ... currently available video-based driver drowsiness detection systems. , ... when a car is drifting out of its ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... give exercise enthusiasts the extra nudge they need during ... cyber buddy can help. , The study, which appears ... the first to indicate that although a human partner ... partner also can be effective. , "We wanted to ... people to give greater effort while exercising than if ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... high-energy particles, simulating conditions astronauts would face on a ... slower reaction times, even when the radiation exposure is ... which affected a large subset, but far from ... to protein changes in the brain, the scientists say. ... suggest it may be possible to develop a biological ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... have identified an important enzyme pathway that helps prevent ... chromosomes, a condition that has been directly linked to ... of biochemistry, found that near the end of cell ... ensures any breaks in DNA are fully repaired before ... daughter cells. This process helps safeguard against some of ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... area of the gastro-intestinal tract has long been considered ... at the Sahlgrenska Academy have used refined microscopic techniques ... inner surface of the gastro-intestinal tract is only as ... Fndriks. , The digestive tract, which passes from the ... has a length of about 5 meters in a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:WSU innovation improves drowsy driver detection 2Health News:Cyber buddy is better than 'no buddy' 2Health News:Some astronauts at risk for cognitive impairment, animal studies suggest 2Health News:Some astronauts at risk for cognitive impairment, animal studies suggest 3Health News:Study identifies enzymes that help fix cancer-causing DNA defects 2Health News:The surface area of the digestive tract 'only' as large as a studio apartment 2
... cold, according to a Newcastle University led study. Leukaemia and ... a respiratory virus or even a mild flu. //This is ... genetically susceptible to cancer. ,Edinburgh University’s Professor Freda Alexander ... lead to the development of a vaccine which will serve ...
... There is an increase in demand for Palliative care ... Annual Survey of Hospitals, which has been reported in ... to patients where chemotherapy or other treatments no more ... patients to lessen their suffering. It is found that ...
... a non-invasive sensor that will help treat patients ... patient faces respiratory distress in the emergency room ... a mask. But for some people with chronic ... the body's breathing reflex. , ,Spotting at-risk ...
... inquest is being conducted into the death of Rene Anderson ... cannabis-based drug. The Sativex drug is derived from the plant, ... drug was administered to Rene Anderson for relieving her of ... reported to have developed psychosis after the administration of the ...
... African-Americans are generally reluctant to enroll in treatment trials for ... January 15, 2006 issue of CANCER, the journal of the ... the drugs that are a part of the chemotherapy regimen ... than women. Lawmakers as well as researchers have stressed the ...
... researchers of University of North Carolina reveal that women ... //This links an external factor like night shift ... factor can influence premature delivery by 50%. ,The ... pregnant women. Additionally the study found standing for long ...
Cached Medicine News:
(Date:1/15/2014)...  A novel wearable injector slightly larger than an Oreo cookie ... self-inject prescription drugs in the large doses required to treat ... deficiencies, and genetic disorders.  An emerging biologic ... according to analysts.   Many of these drugs will require a ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... , Jan. 14, 2014 Dynamic Healthcare Services, Inc. ("DHS"), ... that it acquired Progressive Home Medical Equipment, Inc. ("Progressive") of ... The terms of the acquisition were not disclosed. ... company providing a wide range of sleep, mobility, and respiratory ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... N.Y. , Jan. 14, 2014   Oligomerix, Inc. , ... modifying therapeutics for Alzheimer,s disease (AD) and related neurodegenerative ... to Valhalla, NY as of ... laboratory space at New York Medical College. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Enable Injections Presents A New Class of Injectors for Drug Delivery at PEPTalk, Drug Delivery Partnership Meetings 2Dynamic Healthcare Services Completes Progressive Home Medical Equipment of Clarion, PA Investment 2Dynamic Healthcare Services Completes Progressive Home Medical Equipment of Clarion, PA Investment 3Oligomerix Relocates Corporate Headquarters and Secures Additional Laboratory Space from New York Medical College 2
... Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and ... and development. ARUP offers an extensive test ... tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned ... clients include more than half of the ...
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory ... research and development. ARUP offers an extensive ... medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. ... Laboratories' clients include more than half of ...
... national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader ... offers an extensive test menu of highly ... and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University ... than half of the nation's university teaching ...
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference ... laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an ... unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic ... ARUP Laboratories' clients include more than half ...
Medicine Products: