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Curbing world's most fatal diseases: consensus created by health experts offers global prescription
Date:11/21/2007

ion people will die of one or more CNCDs in the next 10 years, according to co-author Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Professor, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. With concerted action, the number of premature deaths prevented by 2015 would total at least 36 million a number of people roughly equal to the population of Canada, Algeria or Kenya.

Noting the economic impact of CNCDs, co-author Robert Beaglehole, former WHO Director (Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion), says that unless serious action is taken now, over the next decade China, India and the U.K. will lose an estimated $558 billion, $237 billion and $33 billion respectively in foregone national income due to heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

While these challenges are applicable to all countries, different nations should identify local priorities from among those identified here for immediate attention, depending on resources and disease patterns, says John Bell, Regius Professor of Medicine, University of Oxford and Chair, Oxford Health Alliance.

Process

Identifying the Grand Challenges involved the Delphi method the structured, sequential, written questioning of a panel. The first round elicited 1,854 ideas, distilled into 109 from which the panel members selected and commented on their top 30. In the final round, panelists either accepted the list or reordered choices, and offered further comment.

The seven-member Executive Committee and 19-member Scientific Board milled the wording of the panels final 20 Grand Challenges, grouped them according to six goals, and suggested the key research requirements for reaching each goal.

Next steps

The Grand Challenges Global Partnership is being established with a secretariat at the Oxford Health Alliance (www.oxha.org), funded for the first five years by OxHA members.

The founding partners:

  • Oxford Health Alliance, UK;
  • Medical Research Cou
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Contact: Terry Collins
terrycollins@rogers.com
416-538-8712
Program on Life Sciences, Ethics and Policy,McLaughlin-Rotman Centre for Global Health  
Source:Eurekalert

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