Navigation Links
Culture can Affect Access to Alcohol, Drug Abuse Treatment for Rural Youth

New study uncovers common stereotypes among clinicians

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M., Oct. 30 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Cultural stereotypes about Hispanics could impede Latino youth from seeking help for drug and alcohol abuse. In turn, substance-abuse treatment providers must better understand how their own attitudes toward culture can affect the provision of sufficient behavioral health services, according to a new study. To do this, providers must first assess their own notions of culture and address any hidden biases.

The study obtained first-hand information from practitioners to propose the development of culturally relevant, quality care for rural adolescent populations that have limited access to behavioral health care. Researchers with the PIRE Behavioral Health Research Center of the Southwest and the University of Montana found four commonly held cultural stereotypes that health care providers' believed inhibited Hispanic youth from seeking help for substance abuse - family, religion and spirituality, gender roles and socioeconomic factors.

"By just focusing on those factors, even the best-intentioned prevention and treatment models will result in a simplistic response to the complex social, political and economic realities that create health disparities among ethnic minority populations," said Dr. Cathleen Willging, Ph.D., primary investigator on the study. "This often results in many communities viewing mainstream health and human service institutions with suspicion. Although social stigmas associated with behavioral health problems no doubt influence how some Hispanic families seek help, it is important to note the role that a history of discrimination and racism plays in such a process."

Researchers interviewed 42 behavioral-health providers over a three- month period in 2005. Study participants included drug and alcohol counselors, mental health therapists, nurses and physicians, and prevention specialists in four counties in rural, southern New Mexico. This area includes some of the highest rates of unemployment and highest percentage of people living in poverty in the country.

Researchers found practitioners believed that Hispanic families were circumspect about seeking behavioral health services because of distrust of Anglo providers, to avoid stigma of mental illness and substance abuse and the need to demonstrate self-reliance. Providers most notably considered Hispanic cultural heritage and values as obstacles to general well being. This perception, researchers report, indicates that the behavioral health providers tend to focus on culture as a site for change, thereby deemphasizing the important role of socioeconomic status in determining the social context of illness, help seeking and recovery.

From this study, changes to substance abuse treatment services can be made to better provide care for rural adolescents and their families. Researchers recommend a series of modifications to the training of behavioral health care providers. Culturally competent care includes not only providing appropriate Spanish-language services, but also education and employment opportunities for youth and families -- even those lacking legal residency. Furthermore, state and local governments should consider mechanisms that encourage the training, hiring and licensing of local behavioral health professionals who represent the cultural background of the communities in which they serve.

"Training can demonstrate how different experiences, knowledge and values cannot just be acknowledged but must be integrated and appreciated," said Dr. Gilbert A. Quintero, another researcher on the study. "Such training should first encourage providers to think reflexively about their own value systems and the status and privilege that they bring to clinical encounters with patients of varying cultural, ethnic and class backgrounds."

Dr. Willging is a medical anthropologist at PIRE's Behavioral Health Research Center of the Southwest in Albuquerque. Along with Dr. Quintero of University of Montana and Dr. Elizabeth Lilliott also of PIRE, Dr. Willging authored the study that appears in the November edition of the journal Qualitative Health Research. The study was funded by grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute of Mental Health.

For more information or to obtain a copy of the published report, contact Michelle Blackston at (301) 755-2444 or PIRE (Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation) is a national nonprofit public health research institute, supported primarily by federal and state research and program funds, with centers in seven locations around the country.

SOURCE Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
Copyright©2007 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Third generation Small pox vaccine from Cell-culture
2. Low Cost Tissue Culture Vaccine For Encephalitis
3. Resident Physicians Need More Preparations To Treat Patients From Different Cultures
4. Bulgaria Agriculture Minister ban import of poultry from Macedonia and Croatia
5. DNA Underwent Changes Due To Culture
6. Functional Taste Cells Cultured In Vitro
7. A three-dimensional Culture System ensures Female Fertility
8. Study IDs Protein That Inhibits HIV From Growing In Cell Cultures
9. Scientists Re-grow Dental Enamel from Cultured Cells
10. SKorea Launches Campaign to Curb Hard-drinking Culture
11. Workplace Drinking Culture Influences Alcohol Intake Elsewhere
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 24, 2015 , ... With Thanksgiving right around the corner, holiday travel season ... protect your family and vehicle. , According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, ... is sharing the following safety tips from the NHTSA: , ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... it has been designated an Aetna Institute of Quality® Bariatric Surgery Facility for ... the quality and cost of health care services available to its members to ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... M.D. (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... new award for its exceptional customer service: the TrustDale certification. The award recognizes ... The Baltimore stone honing , tile and grout, and hard surface restoration ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... , ... Autism Speaks, the world’s leading autism science and advocacy organization, will ... generosity of people around the world. On December 1, supporters can make an online ... share the personal stories behind those gifts. , Just as Black Friday and ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... All her life, Don Peck’s mother wondered if she was a descendant of Samuel Fuller, ... After a 25-year search for information, Don and his aunt discovered that she was not, ... Turns out, it was Don’s father who was descended from not one, but four passengers ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015  Array BioPharma Inc. ... Chief Executive Officer, Ron Squarer , will ... in New York.  The public is welcome to ... the Array BioPharma website.Event:Piper Jaffray Annual Healthcare ConferencePresenter:  ... December 2, 2015Time:1:30 p.m. Eastern Time Webcast: ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... and VANCOUVER, Nov. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - ESSA ... EPIX ) announced today that the first patient ... of EPI-506 as a treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate ... and Canada.  --> the ... In the Phase 1/2 clinical trial, ESSA intends ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... COMMACK, New York , 24. November ... Hersteller des Avery Breathing Pacemaker Systems, ist ... Ph.D., als Clinical Consultant bekannt geben zu ... -->   --> ... Stockholm (Schweden). Von 1984-1986 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: